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Diseases » COPD » Glossary
 

Glossary for COPD

  • Acute Bronchitis: Respiratory inflammation of the bronchi leading to the lungs
  • Acute lower respiratory conditions: An acute condition that occurs in the lower respiratory tract
  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome: Severe respiratory failure
  • Albuterol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Albuterol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: An allergic reaction to a particular fungus called Aspergillus.
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Asbestosis: Lung condition from asbestos exposure
  • Aspergillosis: Infection with a fungus called Aspergillus.
  • Asthma: Repeated attacks of breathing difficulty.
  • Asthma in Adults:
  • Asthma in Children:
  • Asthma-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to asthma, or having similar symptoms.
  • Beclomethasone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Beclomethasone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Bronchiectasis: Chronic bronchiole dilation from secretions and blockages.
  • Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the bronchioles.
  • Centriacinar Emphysema: The abnormal permanent enlargement of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, accompanied by the destruction of the walls and without obvious fibrosis. It begins in the respiratory bronchioles and spreads peripherally
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chronic Bronchitis: Chronic bronchitis is a chronic inflammation of the bronchi (medium-size airways) in the lungs.
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Chronic cough: The chronic noisy sudden expulsion of air from the respiratory tract
  • Chronic lower respiratory diseases: General term for various chronic respiratory diseases including COPD, emphysema and chronic bronchitis
  • Cigarette Smoking -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that cigarette smoking during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Congestive Heart Failure: Inadequate pumping and decline of heart function common in the elderly.
  • Cor pulmonale: Enlarged heart due to respiratory difficulty.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dexamethasone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dexamethasone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Diffuse panbronchiolitis: A pulmonary disease involving chronic inflammation of the airways which causes obstruction and can lead to respiratory failure and even death if untreated.
  • Emphysema: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is defined as an abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Flail Chest: The separation of a portion of the rib cage from the rest of the chest wall - usually due to trauma. The severity of the condition varies depending on the extent of the damage.
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Isoproterenol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Isoproterenol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Lung abscess: Pus (abscess) in the lung
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Lung damage: COPD is defined as the destruction of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles and their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Meperidine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Meperidine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Mild cough: Cough symptoms that are not severe
  • Panacinar Emphysema: Panacinary (or panlobular) emphysema is related to the destruction of alveoli, because of an inflammation or deficiency of alpha 1-antitrypsin
  • Panic disorder: It is a severe medical condition characterized by extremely elevated mood.
  • Paraseptal Emphysema: Paraseptal emphysema is a type of emphysema( as abnormal permanent enlargement of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles) which involves the alveolar ducts and sacs at the lung periphery.
  • Pleural effusion: Fluid in the pleural spaces.
  • Pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in air contaminated with particles of dust such as coal, kaolin, asbestos and talc. It is generally an occupation disease where people are exposed to the contaminated air for prolonged periods of time. Generally symptoms stop once the exposure ceases.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Pneumothorax: Air in the pleural spaces around the lungs.
  • Polycythemia: Excess red blood cells in the blood
  • Pulmonary embolism: Blocked lung blood vessel often from a blood clot.
  • Pulmonary hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition may be caused by such things as lung conditions (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis), heart conditions (e.g. congestive heart failure, birth defects involving heart), AIDS or medications such as fenfluramine (a diet drug). Sometimes it occurs for no apparent reason and is called primary pulmonary hypertension.
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Silicosis: An occupation lung disease caused by breathing in silica dust.
  • Smoking-related conditions: Medical conditions related to smoking or other tobacco exposure.
  • Terbutaline -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Terbutaline during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Triamcinolone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Triamcinolone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Wheezing: A whistling like continuous sound that is caused by the respiratory system

 

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