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Diseases » Cramp » Glossary
 

Glossary for Cramp

  • Abdominal cramps: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of muscle cramps that is located in the abdomen
  • Acebutolol Hydrochloride -- Teratogenic Agent: Experimental studies on rats indicate that using Acebutolol Hydrochloride during pregnancy produces no harmful effects on the developing fetus. Acebutolol Hydrochloride is a beta blocker medication used to treat high blood pressure and abnormal heart rhythm. Other reports indicate that use in pregnant women also produces no harmful effects on the fetus.
  • Acute tin poisoning: Acute ingestion of tin can cause various adverse symptoms.
  • Adenomyosis: A rare disorder where the endometrium (lining of the uterus) grows inside the muscle walls of the uterus. The condition is generally harmless but can be very painful.
  • Adult progressive spinal muscular atrophy, Aran Duchenne type: A group of inherited motor neuron diseases involving progressive muscle weakness, wasting and paralysis due to degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord. Muscle weakness and wasting usually starts in the hands and may gradually spread to other muscle groups.
  • Anterior spinal artery syndrome: Neurological symptoms caused by the blockage of the anterior spinal artery. The blockage may be caused by such things as trauma, cancer, thrombosis and arterial disease. Symptoms are determined by the exact location of the blockage.
  • Arterial insufficiency: When amount of blood flowing through an artery is insufficient to meet the needs of the tissue.
  • Atenolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Atenolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Betaxolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Betaxolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Bisoprolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Bisoprolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Blind loop syndrome: A rare intestinal defect where there is a small loop in the intestines that allow digesting material to enter but not exit. The symptoms are variable depending on the size and location of the pouch.
  • Dehydration: Loss of fluids in the body
  • Dysmenorrhea: Pain, cramping, or discomfort due to menstruation
  • Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
  • FOSMN syndrome: A rare neurodegenerative disorder that starts in the face and spreads to the scalp and upper body. The condition progresses slowly.
  • Felodipine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Felodipine (an antihypertensive drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Gonorrhea: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: Hashimoto thyroiditis is characterized by the destruction of thyroid cells by various cell- and antibody-mediated immune processes. Patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis have antibodies to various thyroid antigens, the most frequently detected of which include antithyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO), antithyroglobulin (anti-Tg), and, to a lesser extent, TSH receptor-blocking antibodies.
  • Heat cramps: Muscle cramps related to exertion
  • Heroin dependence: The physical and psychological dependence to the recreational drug heroin
  • Hyperoxia: A high level of oxygen in body tissues. It can be caused by exposure to high atmospheric pressure or long term inhalation of high oxygen concentrations. The high levels of oxygen may affect the lungs, nervous system or the eyes and thus can result in varying symptoms.
  • Hypocalcemia, autosomal dominant: A dominantly inherited disorder of phosphate and calcium metabolism which results in low blood calcium levels. The severity of the condition is highly variable with some patients being asymptomatic.
  • Intestinal Pseudoobstruction in Adults: A condition characterized by the clinical presentation of obstruction of the intestines when there is no mechanical cause.
  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction: A digestive disorder where the intestines are unable to contract normally and push food through the digestive system. This results in symptoms similar to an obstruction and hence the name pseudo-obstruction. The walls of the affected gastrointestinal tract becomes thin and the muscles that control its motion start to degenerate.
  • Leg pain: Pain affecting the leg
  • Limb conditions: Medical conditions affecting the upper or lower limbs.
  • Marine toxins: Toxins produced by marine animals
  • Menstrual cramps: A condition caused by menstruation in females which results in a cramp like pain
  • Metoprolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Metoprolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Misoprostol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Misoprostol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Muscle conditions: Any condition that affects the muscles of the body
  • Muscle cramps: A condition which is characterized by the uncontrolled contractions of muscles
  • Muscle pain: Pain that is located anatomically in the region of muscles
  • Muscle phosphoglycerate mutase deficiency: A rare inborn error of metabolism where an enzyme deficiency (muscle phosphoglycerate mutase) affects the muscles, especially during periods of strenuous activity.
  • Muscle spasm: A muscle spasm is a sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle, a group of muscles, or a hollow organ, or a similarly sudden contraction of an orifice.
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Myokymia: Involuntary muscle movement, causing a rippling appearance in the skin.
  • Myopathy tubular aggregates: A muscle condition characterized by aggregates of tubular structures in muscle tissue which can cause muscle problems such as camps and pain after exertion.
  • Niacin toxicity: Excessive consumption of niacin can cause symptoms of toxicity.
  • Opium withdrawal: Symptoms that occur when Opium use is discontinued or reduced. Symptoms may vary depending on the level of dependence.
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Infection of the womb and fallopian tubes.
  • Pindolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Pindolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Plendil -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Plendil (an antihypertensive drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Premenstrual syndrome: Condition with cyclic symptoms related to menstruation.
  • Primary Dysmenorrhea: Painful menstruation which is not associated with pelvic pathology
  • Progressive muscular atrophy: A condition which is characterized by painless, degenerative myopathies.
  • Secondary Dysmenorrhea: Menstrual-like cramping (dysmenorrhea) from an underlying condition.
  • Shamrock poisoning: The shamrock is a low-growing plant which bears various colored flowers. It is often used as an ornamental garden plant. The plant contains oxalates which can cause symptoms if eaten in large quantities. The plant is considered to have a low level of toxicity and small amounts are generally harmless.
  • Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome: A rare disease where episodes of leaking blood capillaries results in a rapid drop in blood pressure which can be life-threatening. Episodes usually last for a few days. The range and severity of symptoms experienced may range somewhat amongst patients.
  • Timolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Timolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Torsion dystonia: A movement disorder where the muscles contract and contort uncontrollably due to neurological dysfunction.
  • Torsion dystonia, X-linked: An inherited movement disorder where the muscles contract and contort uncontrollably due to neurological dysfunction. The first symptom in this form is spasmodic eye blinking.
  • Torsion dystonia, autosomal dominant: An inherited movement disorder where the muscles contract and contort uncontrollably due to neurological dysfunction. Neck and torso muscle are affected first and progression is slower and occurs over a longer period of time than in the autosomal recessive form.
  • Torsion dystonia, autosomal recessive: An inherited movement disorder where the muscles contract and contort uncontrollably due to neurological dysfunction. Muscle contractures start in the hands and feet and spread quickly to the trunk and extremities. Progression tends to slow down during adulthood.
  • Visceral pain: Pain perceived in the viscera.

 

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