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Diseases » Croup » Glossary
 

Glossary for Croup

  • Acute Bronchitis: Respiratory inflammation of the bronchi leading to the lungs
  • Acute lower respiratory conditions: An acute condition that occurs in the lower respiratory tract
  • Adenoviruses: Common viruses causing common cold and various other ailments.
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Asthma in Adults:
  • Asthma in Children:
  • Barking cough: A condition which is characterized by the occurrence of a cough the is barking in its nature
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Budesonide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Budesonide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Choking: Sensation of blockage or inability to breathe.
  • Cold & Flu:
  • Common cold: A cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat that can be caused by a number of different viruses (e.g. rhinoviruses, coronaviruses). There are over 200 different viruses that have the potential to cause the common cold. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dehydration: Loss of fluids in the body
  • Diphtheria: Infectious bacterial respiratory disease
  • Epiglotitis: Inflamation of the epiglottis in the throat
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Hemophilus influenzae B: Bacterial respiratory infection with dangerous complications.
  • Influenza A: A type of virus affecting the respiratory tract
  • Laryngitis: Laryngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the larynx which is located in the upper part of the respiratory tract.
  • Laryngomalacia: A defect where the larynx is abnormally soft which affects voice quality and can cause breathing problems. The larynx is so soft that when inhalation occurs, the larynx collapses and obstructs the breathing passage.
  • Laryngotracheobronchitis: An acute condition which is characterized by a respiratory infection that affects the larynx, trachea, and bronchus.
  • Larynx conditions: Any condition that affects that larynx
  • Measles: Once common viral infection now rare due to vaccination.
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Parainfluenza: Milder influenza-like infection
  • Parainfluenza virus type 1: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 1 virus occurs during autumn every second year and tends to primarily cause croup as well as respiratory tract infection.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 2: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 2 virus occurs during autumn every second year and tends to primarily cause respiratory tract illness but is milder and less frequent than type 1.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 3: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 3 virus occurs during spring and summer in temperate climates but can continue into autumn.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 4: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 4 virus causes mild sporadic illness.
  • Prednisolone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Prednisolone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory syncytial virus: Viral respiratory infection serious in young infants.
  • Spasmodic croup: also known as laryngotracheobronchitis. It is characterised by barking cough
  • Stridor: A harsh high pitched breath sound
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
  • Whooping Cough: An infectious condition caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis

 

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