Symptoms of Dermatomyositis
Symptoms of Dermatomyositis: Introduction
Symptoms of dermatomyositis can occur in both sexes and but affects women far more often than men. Dermatomyositis can occur at any age but is most common in school-age children and middle-age adults.
The primary symptoms of dermatomyositis is muscle weakness and a skin rash. Muscle weakness tends to occur in the upper arms, shoulders, thighs and hips. The muscle weakness can occur suddenly or it can develop slowly over weeks to months. Muscle weakness can come and go. In some cases dermatomyositis disappears on its own without treatment and does not recur.
The muscle weakness can progress and lead to difficulties performing the activities of daily living, such as dressing, walking, bathing, and eating. Other symptoms of dermatomyositis can include muscle pain, joint pain, joint swelling, weight loss, fever, and fatigue.
Dermatomyositis can also affect the muscles of the throat, esophagus and lungs. This can lead to difficulty breathing, cough, difficulty speaking, and difficulty swallowing. Complications can include the development of infection, malnutrition, gastrointestinal ulcerations, and pneumonia. In some cases these complications and/or coexisting lung cancer can be fatal.
The skin rash of dermatomyositis generally affects the face, shoulders, elbows, knuckles, ankles, and knees. The skin rash appears red in color....more about Dermatomyositis »
Symptoms of Dermatomyositis
The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources
for Dermatomyositis includes the 87
symptoms listed below:
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Dermatomyositis: Symptom Assessment Questionnaires
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Less Common Symptoms of Dermatomyositis:
Ocassionally other symptoms may also present themselves as symptoms of Dermatomyositis.
of the more common ones are included in the list below:
Wrongly Diagnosed with Dermatomyositis?
The list of other diseases or medical conditions
that may be on the differential diagnosis list of alternative diagnoses
for Dermatomyositis includes:
See the full list of 14
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Other Possible Causes of these Symptoms
Click on any of the symptoms below to see a full list
of other causes including diseases, medical conditions, toxins, drug interactions,
or drug side effect causes of that symptom.
Article Excerpts About Symptoms of Dermatomyositis:
NINDS Polymyositis Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)
The most common symptom is muscle weakness, usually affecting those
muscles that are closest to the trunk of the body (proximal). Eventually,
patients have difficulty rising from a sitting position, climbing stairs,
lifting objects, or reaching overhead. In some cases, distal muscles
(those not close to the trunk of the body) may also be affected later in
the course of the disease. Trouble with swallowing (dysphagia) may occur.
Very rarely, the muscles ache and are tender to touch. The disease may be
associated with other collagen vascular, autoimmune or infectious
(Source: excerpt from NINDS Polymyositis Information Page: NINDS)
NINDS Dermatomyositis Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)
Dermatomyositis is characterized by a rash accompanying, or more often,
preceding muscle weakness. The rash is described as patchy, bluish-purple
discolorations on the face, neck, shoulders, upper chest, elbows, knees,
knuckles, and back. Some patients may also develop hardened bumps of
calcium deposits under the skin. The most common symptom is muscle
weakness, usually affecting those muscles that are closest to the trunk of
the body (proximal). Eventually, patients have difficulty rising from a
sitting position, climbing stairs, lifting objects, or reaching overhead.
In some cases, distal muscles (those not close to the trunk of the body)
may be affected later in the course of the disease. Trouble with
swallowing (dysphagia) may occur. Occasionally, the muscles ache and are
tender to touch. Patients may also feel fatigue and discomfort and have
weight loss or a low-grade fever.
(Source: excerpt from NINDS Dermatomyositis Information Page: NINDS)
Dermatomyositis as a Cause of Symptoms or Medical Conditions
When considering symptoms of Dermatomyositis, it is also important to consider Dermatomyositis as a possible cause of other medical conditions.
The Disease Database lists the following medical conditions that Dermatomyositis may cause:
- (Source - Diseases Database)
Dermatomyositis: Onset and Incubation
Onset of Dermatomyositis: usually in 4th-6th decade
Medical articles and books on symptoms:
These general reference articles may be of interest
in relation to medical signs and symptoms of disease in general:
Full list of premium articles on symptoms and diagnosis
About signs and symptoms of Dermatomyositis:
The symptom information on this page
attempts to provide a list of some possible signs and symptoms of Dermatomyositis.
This signs and symptoms information for Dermatomyositis has been gathered from various sources,
may not be fully accurate,
and may not be the full list of Dermatomyositis signs or Dermatomyositis symptoms.
Furthermore, signs and symptoms of Dermatomyositis may vary on an individual basis for each patient.
Only your doctor can provide adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they
are indeed Dermatomyositis symptoms.