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Diseases » Type 1 diabetes » Summary
 

What is Type 1 diabetes?

What is Type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is also known by the name juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. In type 1 ...more »

  • Type 1 diabetes: Severe insulin-treated diabetes typically occurring in young people.
  • Type 1 diabetes: Diabetes mellitus characterized by insulin deficiency, sudden onset, severe hyperglycemia, rapid progression to ketoacidosis, and death unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Type 1 diabetes: severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Type 1 diabetes: Introduction

Types of Type 1 diabetes:

Broader types of Type 1 diabetes:

How many people get Type 1 diabetes?

Prevalance of Type 1 diabetes: 1-in-800 (NIAID)
Prevalance Rate of Type 1 diabetes: approx 1 in 800 or 0.12% or 340,000 people in USA [about data]
Incidence (annual) of Type 1 diabetes: about 30,000 annual cases in the USA; about 40 per 10,0000 children
Incidence Rate of Type 1 diabetes: approx 1 in 9,066 or 0.01% or 30,000 people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Type 1 diabetes: 1 out of 800 people in the United States. (Source: excerpt from Understanding Autoimmune Disease: NIAID)

Who gets Type 1 diabetes?

Patient Profile for Type 1 diabetes: Typically teenagers, but can range from infants to 30's (or perhaps later in life).

Profile for Type 1 diabetes: Type 1 diabetes develops most often in children and young adults, but the disorder can appear at any age. (Source: excerpt from Diabetes Overview: NIDDK) ... Type 1 diabetes occurs equally among males and females, but is more common in whites than in nonwhites. Data from the World Health Organization's Multinational Project for Childhood Diabetes indicate that type 1 diabetes is rare in most African, American Indian, and Asian populations. However, some northern European countries, including Finland and Sweden, have high rates of type 1 diabetes. The reasons for these differences are not known. (Source: excerpt from Diabetes Overview: NIDDK) ... Type 1 diabetes mellitus is usually diagnosed before the age of 30 and may be diagnosed as early as the first month of life. (Source: excerpt from Understanding Autoimmune Disease: NIAID)

Gender Profile for Type 1 diabetes: Women 2:1 (NWHIC); other sources say males and females equally.

How serious is Type 1 diabetes?

Prognosis of Type 1 diabetes: Good in the short-term, possibility of severe complications later in life.
Complications of Type 1 diabetes: see complications of Type 1 diabetes
Prognosis of Type 1 diabetes: Diabetes is relatively easy to control with proper medical attention, and acute complications are increasingly rare. However, long-term complications such as disorders of the eye, kidney, circulatory system, and nerve fibers are common. If left untreated, diabetes can result in death. (Source: excerpt from Endocrine Diseases: NWHIC)

What causes Type 1 diabetes?

Causes of Type 1 diabetes: see causes of Type 1 diabetes
Cause of Type 1 diabetes: Autoimmune attack against the pancreas's insulin-producing cells.
Causes of Type 1 diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease results when the body's system for fighting infection (the immune system) turns against a part of the body. In diabetes, the immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them. The pancreas then produces little or no insulin. Someone with type 1 diabetes needs to take insulin daily to live. (Source: excerpt from Diabetes Overview: NIDDK)
Risk factors for Type 1 diabetes: see risk factors for Type 1 diabetes

What are the symptoms of Type 1 diabetes?

Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes: see symptoms of Type 1 diabetes

Complications of Type 1 diabetes: see complications of Type 1 diabetes

Can anyone else get Type 1 diabetes?

Contagion of autoimmunity: generally not; see details in contagion of autoimmune diseases.
Inheritance: see inheritance of Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Type 1 diabetes.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Type 1 diabetes.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Type 1 diabetes: Internist, Family Practice Physician, Endocrinologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Type 1 diabetes.
Treatments for Type 1 diabetes: see treatments for Type 1 diabetes
Alternative treatments for Type 1 diabetes: see alternative treatments for Type 1 diabetes
Prevention of Type 1 diabetes: see prevention of Type 1 diabetes
Research for Type 1 diabetes: see research for Type 1 diabetes

Society issues for Type 1 diabetes

Costs of Type 1 diabetes: DCCT researchers estimate that intensive management doubles the cost of managing diabetes because of increased visits to a health care professional and the need for more frequent blood testing at home. However, this cost is offset by the reduction in medical expenses related to long-term complications and by the improved quality of life of people with diabetes. (Source: excerpt from Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT): NIDDK)

Cost statistics for Type 1 diabetes: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Type 1 diabetes:

  • Estimated lifetime cost for Type 1 diabetes is about $190,000 in Australia 1993-94 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)
  • Estimated lifetime cost for Type 2 diabetes is about $25,000 in Australia 1993-94 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)
  • more statistics...»


Hospitalization statistics for Type 1 diabetes: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Type 1 diabetes:
  • 0.26% (32,968) of hospital consultant episodes were for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 78% of hospital consultant episodes for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 53% of hospital consultant episodes for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 47% of hospital consultant episodes for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 73% of hospital consultant episodes for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Type 1 diabetes:

Organs and body systems related to Type 1 diabetes include:

Name and Aliases of Type 1 diabetes

Main name of condition: Type 1 diabetes

Class of Condition for Type 1 diabetes: autoimmune

Other names or spellings for Type 1 diabetes:

Type I diabetes, Juvenile Diabetes, Brittle Diabetes, Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, IDDM, Ketosis-prone diabetes, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Autoimmune-mediated diabetes

IDDM, Diabetes mellitus type 1 Source - Diseases Database

Type I diabetes, IDDM, Juvenile-onset diabetes, Juvenile diabetes, Growth-onset diabetes, Ketosis-prone diabetes, Ketoacidosis-prone diabetes, Autoimmune diabetes, Type I diabetes, Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM, Juvenile-onset diabetes, Growth-onset diabetes, Ketosis-prone diabetes, Ketoacidosis-prone diabetes, Autoimmune diabetes, Type I diabetes, Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM, Juvenile-onset diabetes, Juvenile diabetes, Growth-onset diabetes, Ketoacidosis-prone diabetes, Autoimmune diabetes
Source - WordNet 2.1

Type 1 diabetes: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Type 1 diabetes:

 

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