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Diseases » Type 1 diabetes » Glossary
 

Glossary for Type 1 diabetes

  • 18p minus syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing which is characterized by mental and growth deficiencies, drooping upper eyelid and prominent ears. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount of genetic material that is missing.
  • Acute Pancreatitis: Sudden severe inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Addison's Disease: A rare progressive hormonal disorder characterized by insufficient production of certain hormones called adrenal corticosteroids.
  • Adenoviruses: Common viruses causing common cold and various other ailments.
  • Adolescent conditions: Symptoms that are evident due to puberty
  • Asthma: Repeated attacks of breathing difficulty.
  • Asthma in Adults:
  • Asthma in Children:
  • Autoimmune diseases: A group of disorders in which the primary cause is the an inflammatory reaction caused by the body's own immune system attacking tissues
  • Autoimmune enteropathy, type 1: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Autonomic neuropathy: A disorder of the nervous system concerned with regulation of activity of cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, and glands, usually restricted to the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
  • Birth symptoms: Symptoms related to childbirth.
  • Blurred vision: Blurriness of vision or images.
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Cataracts: Cloudy areas on the eye's cornea interfering with vision.
  • Cerebrovascular Conditions: Conditions of the brain's blood vessels including stroke.
  • Chromosome 18, Monosomy 18p: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is missing which is characterized by mental and growth deficiencies, drooping upper eyelid and prominent ears. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount of genetic material that is missing.
  • Chromosome 18p minus syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material from the short arm of chromosome18 is missing. The symptoms or severity may vary somewhat between patients.
  • Chronic Pancreatitis: Chronic ongoing inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Cushing's disease: A condition of hyperadrenocorticism which is secondary to excessive pituitary secretion of ACTH. Cushing's disease is different to Cushing's syndrome which refers to the effects of glucocorticoid excess from any cause.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Cystitis: Bladder infection or inflammation
  • Cytomegalovirus: A easily transmissible viral infection that is common but generally causes no symptoms except in infants and people with weakened immune systems.
  • Dental symptoms: Symptoms affecting teeth or mouth area.
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Diabetes Insipidus: Rare pituitary disorder often affecting the kidneys.
  • Diabetes mellitus, congenital insulin-dependent, with fatal secretory diarrhea: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Diabetes-like conditions: Medical conditions that appear to be similar to diabetes.
  • Diabetic Diarrhea: Diarrhea that occurs in diabetics as a result of the damage done by diabetes to the digestive system. Digestive system damage is caused by intestinal neuropathy (damage to intestinal nerves) or bacterial overgrowth or both.
  • Diabetic Gastroparesis: Gastroparesis is a diabetic complication that occurs from neuropathy of the stomach nerve (called the "vagus nerve"). This causes digestive difficulties as the food starts to move too slowly through the stomach.
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Life-threatening complication of high blood sugars and diabetes.
  • Diabetic Lens Osmosis: Eye lens vision changes due to diabetic sugars; usually reversible.
  • Diabetic Nephropathy: Kidney disease from diabetic blood sugars.
  • Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: Diabetic nerve damage affecting toes, feet, and sometimes hands.
  • Diabetic Retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness in American adults. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina.
  • Diabetic neuropathy: Nerve damage from diabetes affecting any body part; most commonly feet.
  • Diarrhea -- polyendocrinopathy -- infections, X-linked: A rare X-linked disorder characterized by diarrhea and severe, fatal infections during infancy. The body's immune system attacks it's own endocrine glands and various other organs. Females are carriers and can have mild symptoms whereas males suffer the fatal course of the disease.
  • Diarrhea, polyendocrinopathy, fatal infection syndrome, X-linked: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Dizziness: Feelings of lightheadedness or giddiness.
  • Endocrine system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the endocrine systems, such as the related hormones or glands.
  • Enteropathy, autoimmune, with hemolytic anemia and polyendocrinopathy: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Excessive hunger: Inappropriate hunger or overeating.
  • Exercise: The use of the human muscles to improve ones health
  • Eye neuropathy: Neuropathy of the eye nerves
  • Eye symptoms: Symptoms affecting the eye
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Foot symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both feet
  • Fructosuria: A rare harmless asymptomatic condition caused by a lack of the liver enzyme called fructokinase which is needed to turn fructose into glycogen.
  • Gastroparesis: Slow stomach emptying from stomach nerve damage
  • Gestational diabetes: Diabetes that occurs in pregnant women, usually resolving after birth.
  • Hand neuropathy: Neuropathy (nerve damage) affecting the hands
  • Heart complications: Any complication that relates to the heart
  • Heart disease: Any of various heart conditions.
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Hemochromatosis: Excess of iron leading to problems with joints, liver, heart and pancreas.
  • Hereditary Hemochromatosis: A genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. There are 4 types of hemochromatosis and they are distinguished by age of onset, genetic cause and type of inheritance. Some sufferers may be asymptomatic.
  • Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome: Life-threatening complication of high blood sugars and diabetes.
  • Hyperinsulinemia: High insulin levels in the blood
  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar level
  • IPEX syndrome: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Immune disorders: Disorders that affect the immune system
  • Immune dysregulation -- polyendocrinopathy -- enteropathy, X linked: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Impaired glucose tolerance: Mild glucose metabolism problems not severe enough to be called diabetes.
  • Impotence: Inability to attain or sustain an erection.
  • Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that the development of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Insulin lispro -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Insulin lispro during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
  • MODY diabetes: Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young affects approximately one or two per cent of people who have diabetes, and may often go unrecognised in its early stages. It is a form of diabetes that develops before the patient reaches 25. It also runs in families, and can pass from one generation to the next. MODY does not always require insulin treatment.
  • Mental retardation -- dysmorphism -- hypogonadism -- diabetes: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism, diabetes and facial and skull abnormalities.
  • Mononeuritis multiplex: A rare neurological condition where nerve damage occurs at more than one site. Nerve damage can result from conditions such as diabetes mellitus, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and blood vessel diseases.
  • Mouth conditions: Any condition that affects the mouth
  • Neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Pancreas conditions: Any condition that affects the pancreas
  • Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Polydipsia: This is where there is a chronic excessive thirst that is also accompanied by excessive fluid intake
  • Polyendocrine deficiency syndrome: A condition where more than one endocrine gland fails to function normally in terms of production of hormones. Symptoms can vary depending on the glands involved and the severity of the gland dysfunction.
  • Polyendocrine deficiency syndrome type 2: Multi-endocrine syndrome usually affecting young adults.
  • Polyendocrinopathy, immune dysfunction, and diarrhea, X-linked: A rare condition involving autoimmune problems which can variably manifest as enteropathy (diarrhea), hemolytic anemia, and endocrine gland diseases such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease. Resistance to viral infections is poor. The condition is life-threatening, especially during infancy and early childhood. As the condition is inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer severe symptoms whereas females suffer few if any symptoms as they are a carrier of the condition.
  • Polyglandular Autoimmune Syndrome: A group of rare genetic disorders characterized by the malfunction of more than one endocrine gland resulting in impaired hormone production. The gland malfunction results from autoimmune damage to the tissue. There are four subtypes of the disorder.
  • Polyuria: Excessive urination during pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
  • Prostate Cancer: Cancer of the prostate.
  • Proteinuria: Protein in the urine
  • Radiculopathy: A condition characterized by disease of the nerve roots
  • Retinal detachment: Partial or total detachment of retina from the back of the eye.
  • Rubella congenital syndrome: The transplacental infection of a fetus with rubella
  • Sexual neuropathy: Nerve damage resulting in reduced sexual function in men or women
  • Sinusitis: Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
  • Stroke: Serious brain event from bleeding or blood clots.
  • Tiredness: Feeling tired either physically or mentally
  • Toxemia: A medical condition that occurs when there is a release of toxins from bacteria within the bloodstream
  • Transient Ischemic Attack: Temporary disturbance of blood supply to a restricted area of the brain, resulting in brief neurologic dysfunction that persists, by definition, for less than 24 hours.
  • Type 2 diabetes: Most common diabetes in adults, usually progressing slowly, mostly treated without insulin at diagnosis.
  • Ulcer: A local defect in the mucosa
  • Vaginal Dryness: Vaginal dryness interfering with sex.
  • Vascular neuropathy: Neuropathy affecting the nerves controlling blood vessels
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.

 

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