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Diseases » Type 2 diabetes » Summary
 

What is Type 2 diabetes?

What is Type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body does not respond to the effects of the hormone insulin. This is known as insulin ...more »

  • Type 2 diabetes: Most common diabetes in adults, usually progressing slowly, mostly treated without insulin at diagnosis.
  • Type 2 diabetes: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Type 2 diabetes: mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors; can usually be controlled by diet and hypoglycemic agents without injections of insulin.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Type 2 diabetes: Introduction

Types of Type 2 diabetes:

Broader types of Type 2 diabetes:

How many people get Type 2 diabetes?

Prevalance of Type 2 diabetes: 16 million Americans (NWHIC, includes undiagnosed); 7.2 million (actually diagnosed)
Prevalance Rate of Type 2 diabetes: approx 1 in 17 or 5.88% or 16 million people in USA [about data]
Incidence (annual) of Type 2 diabetes: approximately 798,000 new cases of diabetes annually in USA, most are Type 2 diabetes (CDC-OC)
Incidence Rate of Type 2 diabetes: approx 1 in 340 or 0.29% or 798,000 people in USA [about data]
Worldwide prevalence: 150 million cases worldwide 2002(Integrated Management of Cardiovascular Risk Report of a WHO Meeting, 2002)
Incidence of Type 2 diabetes: New cases diagnosed per year: 798,000. (Source: excerpt from Diabetes Statistics in the United States: NIDDK)

Who gets Type 2 diabetes?

Patient Profile for Type 2 diabetes: Typically adults over 40, but recently occurring more commonly in overweight teens.

Profile for Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is more common in older people, especially in people who are overweight, and occurs more often in African Americans, American Indians, Asian and Pacific Islander Americans, and Hispanic Americans. On average, non-Hispanic African Americans are 1.7 times more likely to have diabetes than non-Hispanic whites of the same age. Hispanic Americans are nearly twice as likely to have diabetes as non-Hispanic whites. American Indians have the highest rates of diabetes in the world. Among the Pima Indians living in Arizona, for example, half of all adults have type 2 diabetes. (Source: excerpt from Diabetes Overview: NIDDK)

Gender Profile for Type 2 diabetes: Approximately equally in men and women.

Racial Information for Type 2 diabetes: Type II, or Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, affects about 16 million American people. Among African American women, this form of diabetes has reached epidemic proportions; age 20 years or older, the rate is 11.8%. About 1 in 4 black women over the age of 55 years of age has diabetes, nearly twice the rate of white women. (Source: excerpt from DIABETES AND AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN: NWHIC)

How serious is Type 2 diabetes?

Complications of Type 2 diabetes: see complications of Type 2 diabetes

What causes Type 2 diabetes?

Causes of Type 2 diabetes: see causes of Type 2 diabetes
Cause of Type 2 diabetes: Either poor insulin metabolism in the body (esp. muscles), or reduced pancreas insulin production, or both.
Causes of Type 2 diabetes: When type 2 diabetes is diagnosed, the pancreas is usually producing enough insulin, but, for unknown reasons, the body cannot use the insulin effectively, a condition called insulin resistance. After several years, insulin production decreases. The result is the same as for type 1 diabetes--glucose builds up in the blood and the body cannot make efficient use of its main source of fuel. (Source: excerpt from Diabetes Overview: NIDDK)
Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes: see risk factors for Type 2 diabetes

What are the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes?

Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes: see symptoms of Type 2 diabetes

Complications of Type 2 diabetes: see complications of Type 2 diabetes

Can anyone else get Type 2 diabetes?

Inheritance: see inheritance of Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Type 2 diabetes.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Type 2 diabetes.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Type 2 diabetes: Endocrinologist, Internist, Family Practice Physician ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Type 2 diabetes.
Treatments for Type 2 diabetes: see treatments for Type 2 diabetes
Alternative treatments for Type 2 diabetes: see alternative treatments for Type 2 diabetes
Prevention of Type 2 diabetes: see prevention of Type 2 diabetes
Research for Type 2 diabetes: see research for Type 2 diabetes

Society issues for Type 2 diabetes

Costs of Type 2 diabetes: DCCT researchers estimate that intensive management doubles the cost of managing diabetes because of increased visits to a health care professional and the need for more frequent blood testing at home. However, this cost is offset by the reduction in medical expenses related to long-term complications and by the improved quality of life of people with diabetes. (Source: excerpt from Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT): NIDDK)

Cost statistics for Type 2 diabetes: The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Type 2 diabetes:

  • Estimated lifetime cost for Type 2 diabetes is about $25,000 in Australia 1993-94 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)
  • Estimated lifetime cost for Type 1 diabetes is about $190,000 in Australia 1993-94 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2003)
  • more statistics...»


Hospitalization statistics for Type 2 diabetes: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Type 2 diabetes:
  • 0.2% (25,174) of hospital consultant episodes were for non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 74% of hospital consultant episodes for non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 55% of hospital consultant episodes for non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 45% of hospital consultant episodes for non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Type 2 diabetes:

Organs and body systems related to Type 2 diabetes include:

Name and Aliases of Type 2 diabetes

Main name of condition: Type 2 diabetes

Other names or spellings for Type 2 diabetes:

Type II Diabetes, Adult Diabetes, Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, NIDDM, Stable Diabetes, Ketosis-resistent diabetes, Adult onset diabetes, Non-insulin-dependent diabetes

Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 2, NIDDM Source - Diseases Database

Type II diabetes, NIDDM, Non-insulin-dependent diabetes, Ketosis-resistant diabetes mellitus, Ketosis-resistant diabetes, Ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes mellitus, Ketoacidosis-resistant diabetes, Adult-onset diabetes mellitus, Adult-onset diabetes, Maturity-onset diabetes mellitus, Maturity-onset diabetes, Mature-onset diabetes
Source - WordNet 2.1

Type 2 diabetes: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Type 2 diabetes:

 

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