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Diseases » Diphtheria » Summary
 

What is Diphtheria?

What is Diphtheria?

  • Diphtheria: Infectious bacterial respiratory disease.
  • Diphtheria: A species of gram-positive, asporogenous bacteria in which three cultural types are recognized. These types (gravis, intermedius, and mitis) were originally given in accordance with the clinical severity of the cases from which the different strains were most frequently isolated. This species is the causative agent of DIPHTHERIA.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Diphtheria: acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae; marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Diphtheria as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Diphtheria: Introduction

Types of Diphtheria:

Types of Diphtheria:

Broader types of Diphtheria:

How many people get Diphtheria?

Incidence (annual) of Diphtheria: 1 annual case notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
Incidence Rate of Diphtheria: approx 1 in 272,000,000 or 0.00% or 1 people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Diphtheria: Approximately 0.001 cases per 100,000 population in the U.S. since 1980; before the introduction of vaccine in the 1920s incidence was 100-200 cases per 100,000 population. Diphtheria remains endemic in developing countries. The countries of the former Soviet Union have reported >150,000 cases in an epidemic which began in 1990. (Source: excerpt from Diphtheria: DBMD)

Who gets Diphtheria?

Profile for Diphtheria: Recently, diphtheria has primarily affected adults in the sporadic cases reported in the U.S. and in the large outbreaks in Russia and New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union. (Source: excerpt from Diphtheria: DBMD)

How serious is Diphtheria?

Complications of Diphtheria: see complications of Diphtheria

What causes Diphtheria?

Causes of Diphtheria: see causes of Diphtheria
Cause of Diphtheria: Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria

What are the symptoms of Diphtheria?

Symptoms of Diphtheria: see symptoms of Diphtheria

Complications of Diphtheria: see complications of Diphtheria

Incubation period for Diphtheria: 1 to 4 days

Can anyone else get Diphtheria?

Contagion of Diphtheria: Highly contagious but vaccination usually prevents children contracting it.
More information: see contagiousness of Diphtheria
Inheritance: see inheritance of Diphtheria

Diphtheria: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Diphtheria.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Diphtheria.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Diphtheria: see treatments for Diphtheria
Alternative treatments for Diphtheria: see alternative treatments for Diphtheria
Prevention of Diphtheria: see prevention of Diphtheria
Research for Diphtheria: see research for Diphtheria

Society issues for Diphtheria


Hospitalization statistics for Diphtheria: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Diphtheria:

  • 0% (3) of hospital consultant episodes were for diptheria in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for diptheria required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 67% of hospital consultant episodes for diptheria were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 33% of hospital consultant episodes for diptheria were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for diptheria required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Diphtheria:

Organs and body systems related to Diphtheria include:

Name and Aliases of Diphtheria

Main name of condition: Diphtheria

Class of Condition for Diphtheria: bacterial

Other names or spellings for Diphtheria:

Bretonneau's angina, Bretonneau's disease

Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Klebs-Loeffler bacillus Source - Diseases Database

Diphtheria: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Diphtheria:

 

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