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Glossary for Diseases contagious from intravenous needles

  • AIDS: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • Chronic Hepatitis B: Chronic form of HepB liver infection.
  • Chronic Hepatitis C: Chronic form of Hepatitis C viral liver infection.
  • Diseases contagious from blood: Diseases that can be contracted from blood
  • Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  • Group A Streptococcal Infections: "Strep" bacteria responsible for strep throat, impetigo and some other strep conditions.
  • HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
  • HTLV: Virus associated with affecting the immune system.
  • HTLV-1: Virus affecting the immune system and associated with a particular leukemia/lymphoma.
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Hepatitis A: Contagious viral infection of the liver
  • Hepatitis B: Viral liver infection spread by sex or body fluids.
  • Hepatitis C: Viral liver infection spread by blood.
  • Hepatitis D: Viral liver infection occurring in association with HepB.
  • Invasive group A Streptococcal disease: Infection with Group A Streptococcal bacteria
  • Rubella: A contagious viral infection caused by the Rubella virus which produces a rash and lymph node swelling. It can have serious implication in pregnant women as the virus can be transmitted through the placenta and cause serious fetal defects or even fetal death.
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Various diseases spread by sexual contact.
  • Streptococcal Infections: Various "strep" bacterial infections.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Toxoplasmosis: Infection often caught from cats and their feces.
  • Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: A form of spastic partial paralysis of the lower limbs which occurs in the tropics
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.

 

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