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Diseases » Duodenal ulcer » Glossary
 

Glossary for Duodenal ulcer

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abdominal pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Adult Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition characterized by the production of thick sticky mucus by the mucus glands in the lungs, intestines, liver and pancreas. The condition is most often diagnosed in children or young adults but occasionally, relatively mild symptoms may lead to frequent misdiagnosis or no diagnosis at all unless the symptoms become worse. The condition may be misdiagnosed as emphysema, asthma or chronic bronchitis. It is usually females with a mild form of the disease who tend to be diagnosed at a later age.
  • Angina: A special type of chest pain.
  • Biliary disorder: Any condition affecting the bile ducts
  • Bowel Obstruction: Blockage in the bowel of the digestive tract.
  • Chest pain: Pain in the chest area.
  • Creatine deficiency, X-linked: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by mental retardation, seizures, short stature and facial anomalies. The disorder is caused by the absence of a compound needed to transport creatine and thus creatine levels may be normal or high, but the body is unable to utilize it.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Duodenal conditions: Any condition that affects the duodenum
  • Duodenal ulcer due to antral G-cell hyperfunction: A rare disease where duodenal ulcers form due to the over-functioning antral G-cells. G-cells secrete gastrin which is a hormone that initiates gastric acid production in the stomach. Excessive stomach acid can lead to ulcers.
  • Flucytosine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Flucytosine (an antifungal drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor: Tumors that develop in the pancreas and cause excessive secretion of one or more pancreatic hormones such as insulin, somatostatin, glucagons, gastrin, ACTH (corticosteroids) and vasoactive intestinal peptidase.
  • Gastric Ulcer: A gastric ulcer is a break in the normal tissue that lines the stomach.
  • Gastrinoma: Rare tumors secreting the digestive hormone gastrin.
  • Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach lining
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Repeated reflux of stomach acid into the throat.
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding: Internal bleeding in the digestive tract
  • Helicobacter pylori bacteria: A bacteria that can infect the gastrointestinal system
  • Indigestion: Various eating symptoms of indigestion (dyspepsia)
  • Intestinal Conditions: Conditions that affect the intestines
  • Meal symptoms: Symptoms related to meals.
  • Molybdenum, cofactor deficiency, inherited: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by excessive levels of xanthine in the urine. It is caused by a deficiency of the enzymes xanthine dehydrogenase (as in xanthinuria type I) and enzyme aldehyde oxidase (as in xanthinuria type II) as well as sulfite oxidase which are needed to metabolize xanthine. The metabolic abnormality causes severe xanthinuria with neurological symptoms. The condition may be an inherited or acquired (due to certain drug therapies) deficiency.
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Neuhauser-Daly-Magnelli syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by tremors, duodenal ulcers and involuntary eye movements (nystagmus).
  • Nonulcer dyspepsia: Persistent indigestion not caused by a peptic ulcer.
  • Pancreatic cancer: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas
  • Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Peptic Ulcer: Ulcer on the lining of the stomach or duodenum
  • Prednisolone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Prednisolone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Stomach cancer: Stomach or gastric cancer can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs
  • Ulcer: A local defect in the mucosa
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.
  • Xanthine oxidase deficiency type I: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by excessive levels of xanthine in the urine. Type I xanthinuria is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme xanthine dehydrogenase which is needed to metabolize xanthine. The metabolic abnormality primarily causes kidney stones and kidney failure in severe cases.
  • Xanthine oxidase deficiency type II: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by excessive levels of xanthine in the urine. Type II xanthinuria is caused by a deficiency of the enzymes xanthine dehydrogenase and enzyme aldehyde oxidase which are needed to metabolize xanthine. The metabolic abnormality primarily causes kidney stones and kidney failure in severe cases.
  • Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: A rare disorder where excessive levels of the hormone gastrin are released into the stomach which increases stomach acidity which results in peptic ulcer development. A hormone secreting pancreatic or duodenal tumor is usually the cause.

 

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