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Dysphasic dementia, hereditary

Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Introduction

Lewy body dementia is a type of dementia and a seriously disabling neurodegenerative disease of the brain. Lewy body dementia has similarities to Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Lewy body dementia progressively damages and destroys such cognitive processes as memory, orientation, and speech and also can affect movement. There is no cure for Lewy body dementia.

Lewy body dementia is caused by the development of abnormal protein deposits in the nerve cells. These deposits are called Lewy bodies and eventually lead to the death of the nerve cell. The risk for developing Lewy body dementia increases with age, especially over age 50.

Symptoms of Lewy body dementia include forgetfulness and other problems with memory that become progressively worse. Disorientation, poor judgement, speech difficulties, personality changes, and difficulty completing familiar tasks also occur. Symptoms of Lewy body dementia eventually progress to become severely disabling. Symptoms of Lewy body dementia are similar to those of Alzheimer's disease, but there are key differences. For more details on symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of Lewy body dementia.

There is no specific diagnostic test that can detect Lewy body dementia. Diagnosis is based on symptoms. Making a diagnosis includes performing a variety of tests and assessments that evaluate the brain and can rule out other causes of symptoms, such as vascular dementia or delirium. Diagnosis and treatment may require the collaboration of a variety of providers, including a primary care physician, neurologist, psychiatrist, and/or psychologist.

The diagnostic process begins with taking a thorough personal and family history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination. This includes a neurological exam. A neurological exam evaluates the nerves and nervous system and such functions as reflexes, sensation, movement, balance, coordination, vision, and hearing.

Commonly used tests include a mini-mental state examination (MMSE), which evaluates mental function by assessing the answers provided to a series of questions. Imaging tests used to help make a diagnosis include CT and MRI, which provide information about the structure of the brain and help to rule-out other causes of symptoms.

It is possible that a diagnosis of Lewy body dementia can be missed or delayed. Symptoms are similar to symptoms of other diseases and conditions. For more information about diseases and conditions that can mimic Lewy body dementia, refer to misdiagnosis of Lewy body dementia.

Lewy body dementia is not curable, and at this time there are no treatments that can slow the advancement of the disease. However, there are some medications that may help to reduce some symptoms and maximize independence and the quality of life. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of Lewy body dementia. ...more »

Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: An inherited form of dementia caused by nerve degeneration. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Dysphasic dementia, hereditary is available below.

Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Symptoms

The symptoms of Lewy body dementia are similar to those of Alzheimer's disease. Similar symptoms include disorientation, and a slowing of the thinking and learning processes, and problems with memory, speaking and communicating, and behavior control. This can lead to social withdrawal, difficulties completing familiar tasks, such as dressing and paying bills, ...more symptoms »

Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Treatments

There are currently no treatments that can cure or stop the progression of Lewy body dementia. The care of people with Lewy body dementia is aimed at minimizing symptoms and maximizing independence and the quality of life as much as possible. There are some medications that may help to manage some symptoms. Medications may include drugs that can help with cognitive ...more treatments »

Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of Lewy body dementia may be delayed or missed because symptoms may be associated with the normal aging process. In addition, symptoms of Lewy body dementia can mimic symptoms of a variety of diseases, disorders or conditions, especially Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Other diseases, disorders or conditions with similar symptoms include ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of Dysphasic dementia, hereditary

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Wrongly Diagnosed with Dysphasic dementia, hereditary?

Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Related Patient Stories

Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Complications

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Causes of Dysphasic dementia, hereditary

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Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Dysphasic dementia, hereditary

Undiagnosed stroke leads to misdiagnosed aphasia: BBC News UK reported on a man who had been institutionalized and treated for mental illness because he suffered...read more »

Alzheimer's disease over-diagnosed: The well-known disease of Alzheimer's disease is often over-diagnosed. Patients tend to assume that any memory loss or forgetulness...read more »

Dementia may be a drug interaction: A common scenario in aged care is for a patient to show mental decline to dementia. Whereas this can, of course, occur due to various medical conditions, such as a stroke or Alzheimer's...read more »

Tremor need not be Parkinson's disease: There is the tendency to believe that any tremor symptom, or shakiness, means Parkinson's disease. The reality is that there are various possibilities, such as benign essential...read more »

Mild traumatic brain injury often remains undiagnosed: Although the symptoms of severe brain injury are hard to miss, it is less clear for milder injuries, or even...read more »

ADHD under-diagnosed in adults: Although the over-diagnoses of ADHD in children is a well-known controversy, the reverse side related to adults. Some adults can remain...read more »

MTBI misdiagnosed as balance problem: When a person has symptoms such as vertigo or dizziness, a diagnosis of brain injury may go overlooked. This is particularly true...read more »

Rare diseases misdiagnosed as Parkinson's disease: A rare genetic disorder is often misdiagnosed as Parkinson's disease for men in their 50's. The disease Fragile X disorder can show only...read more »

Bipolar disorder misdiagosed as various conditions by primary physicians: Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) often fails to be diagnosed correctly by primary care...read more »

Eating disorders under-diagnosed in men: The typical patient with an eating disorder is female. The result is that men with eating disorders often fail to be diagnosed or have a delayed diagnosis. See misdiagnosis...read more »

Depression undiagnosed in teenagers: Serious bouts of depression can be undiagnosed in teenagers. The "normal" moodiness of teenagers can cause severe medical...read more »

Brain pressure condition often misdiagnosed as dementia: A condition that results from an excessive pressure of CSF within the brain is often...read more »

Post-concussive brain injury often misdiagnosed: A study found that soldiers who had suffered a concussive injury in battle often were misdiagnosed on their return. A variety of symptoms can occur in post...read more »

Children with migraine often misdiagnosed: A migraine often fails to be correctly diagnosed in pediatric patients. These patients are not the typical migraine sufferers, but migraines can also occur in children. See ...read more »

Undiagnosed anxiety disorders related to depression: Patients with depression (see symptoms of depression) may also have undiagnosed anxiety disorders (see symptoms of anxiety disorders). Failure to diagnose these...read more »

Vitamin B12 deficiency under-diagnosed: The condition of Vitamin B12 deficiency is a possible misdiagnosis of various conditions, such as multiple sclerosis (see ...read more »

Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Hospitals & Clinics: Dysphasic dementia, hereditary

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Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Rare Types

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Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Animations

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Dysphasic dementia, hereditary: Broader Related Topics

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Definitions of Dysphasic dementia, hereditary:

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Dysphasic dementia, hereditary as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

 

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