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Diets » BRATT Diet


Introduction: BRATT Diet

The BRATT diet is a variation of the BRAT diet. Both diets have long been recommended as one aspect of a complete treatment plan for children and adults with diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia and other forms of gastrointestinal upset. BRAT is an acronym for bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast. The BRATT diet also adds tea to the diet. The BRATT diet foods are starchy, bland, and low in fiber, which are believed to be easily digested without causing further upset and help to minimize gas and abdominal discomfort. The pectin found in applesauce also has a soothing effect on the gastrointestinal system. Today, however, there is concern that limiting people with gastrointestinal distress to a BRATT diet may lead to nutritional deficiencies. These include a lack of sufficient fat, protein, fiber, energy and some vitamins. In addition, some people eating a strict BRATT diet may actually experience longer episodes of diarrhea. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention now recommend that people with diarrhea maintain a well-balanced diet. In addition, current studies also report that including rice, bananas and/or applesauce into the well-balanced diet may be of benefit in help in to resolve diarrhea. Foods that are recommended to avoid during bouts of gastrointestinal distress include foods high in simple sugars, such as colas/sodas, undiluted apple juice, Jell-O, and sugary cereals. The body loses lots of fluids during bouts of diarrhea and/or vomiting, which can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. Untreated dehydration and electrolyte imbalance is a potentially serious, even fatal, complication of diarrhea and/or vomiting. It is important that people with diarrhea and/or vomiting drink plenty of fluids an oral rehydration fluids, such as Pedialyte, that help to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. Hospitalization and intravenous fluid and electrolyte replacement may be necessary, especially in infants, children, older adults, and people with debilitating or chronic conditions.

People with symptoms of gastrointestinal distress, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting should consult with their health care provider and receive a full evaluation and diagnosis to rule-out other potentially serious conditions, such as ulcerative colitis, appendicitis, or food poisoning. Any diet may have the potential to be harmful to some people, so consultation with a health care provider before starting any diet plan is recommended.

BRATT Diet: Other Names

Other names for this diet (BRATT Diet) include:

  • Diarrhea Diet

BRATT Diet: Similar Diets

Other diets similar to BRATT Diet include:

Conditions Associated with BRATT Diet

Conditions associated with BRATT Diet include:

Foods Excluded Or Restricted From BRATT Diet

The following foods may be restricted or excluded from BRATT Diet:

  • Colas/soda
  • Sugary cereals
  • Undiluted apple juice
  • Jell-O, gelatine

Foods Focused On For BRATT Diet

The following foods may be focused on as part of BRATT Diet:

  • Bananas
  • Rice
  • Applesauce
  • Toast
  • Tea
  • Rehydrating fluids, such as Pedialyte

BRATT Diet: Potential Risks Or Complications

The following are potential risks or complications of the diet (BRATT Diet):

  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Possible prolongation of diarrhea in some people
  • Pregnant or nursing women with symptom of gastrointestinal distress, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and/or diarrhea should consult with their health care provider before considering the BRAT diet
  • Consultation with a health care provider before starting any diet plan program is recommended

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