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Diets » Lactose Intolerance Diet
 

Lactose Intolerance Diet

Introduction: Lactose Intolerance Diet

There are a many versions of a lactose intolerance diet. These versions were developed for people who have problems digesting lactose, the simple sugar found in milk and milk products. This is called lactose intolerance. Lactose is also found in a variety of other products and even as ingredients in some medications. People with conditions, such as Crohn's disease and celiac disease, those taking certain drugs, alcoholic patients, and people who have had part of the stomach or small intestine removed may benefit from reducing or eliminating lactose in the diet. Every person's tolerance to lactose varies due to depending on their specific condition and individual differences. Some people may only need to lower lactose intake while others may need to nearly eliminate it.

Typical symptoms of lactose intolerance include bloating, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, gas, and flatus. The goal of a lactose intolerance diet is to reduce lactose in the diet enough to allow the person to eat and live more comfortably while maintaining good nutrition. The lactose intolerance diet restricts foods that contain lactose, generally milk and products made from or with milk. This includes severely restricting or eliminating milk, cream, cheeses, creamed dishes, and baked foods made with added milk as an ingredient. This also includes sausages, deli meats, luncheon meats, instant iced tea, instant coffee, and milk-based nutritional supplements, such as Carnation Instant Breakfast. Some people may benefit from digestive aids that help to digest lactose, such as those found in Lactaid milk or Dairy Ease Milk, but it is recommended that people with lactose intolerance check with their dietician or licensed health care provider before using these products.

People with symptoms of lactose intolerance should be evaluated by a health care provider to ensure other causes of symptoms are ruled out and an appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan is developed for the individual. It may be difficult to get adequate nutrition on a lactose intolerance diet without supplementation with calcium and other vitamins and minerals, as recommended by a dietician or licensed health care provider. A lack of calcium in the diet can lead to such conditions as osteoporosis. As with any diet plan, optimal results for health are achieved when a well balanced diet plan is combined with a sensible exercise program and healthy lifestyle changes. All diets have the potential to be harmful for some people, so consultation with a health care provider before starting a diet plan and exercise program is recommended.

Lactose Intolerance Diet: Other Names

Other names for this diet (Lactose Intolerance Diet) include:

  • Lactose-Free Diet
  • Low lactose Diet

Conditions Associated with Lactose Intolerance Diet

Conditions associated with Lactose Intolerance Diet include:

Foods Excluded Or Restricted From Lactose Intolerance Diet

The following foods may be restricted or excluded from Lactose Intolerance Diet:

  • Milk
  • Milk products
  • Dairy products made from milk
  • Creamed dishes
  • Any foods prepared with milk, cream, or cheese
  • Luncheon meats
  • Deli meats
  • Sausages
  • Frankfurters
  • Ice cream
  • Instant iced tea
  • Instant coffee
  • Chocolate drink mixes
  • Milk-based nutritional supplements
  • Cream cheese
  • Cheese
  • Cheese flavoured snacks or chips
  • Ranch-style snacks or chips
  • Medications with added lactose

Foods Focused On For Lactose Intolerance Diet

The following foods may be focused on as part of Lactose Intolerance Diet:

  • Calcium fortified soy milk
  • Foods made with or from calcium fortified soy milk
  • 100% lactose-free milk
  • Vegetables prepared without added milk, cream, or cheese
  • Fruits prepared without added milk, cream, or cheese
  • Breads and grains prepared without added milk, cream, or cheese
  • Meats prepared without added milk, cream, or cheese
  • Beans prepared without added milk, cream, or cheese
  • Lentils prepared without added milk, cream, or cheese
  • Margarine without milk derivatives
  • Sweets and desserts prepared without added milk, cream, or cheese
  • Fruit juices

Lactose Intolerance Diet: Potential Risks Or Complications

The following are potential risks or complications of the diet (Lactose Intolerance Diet):

  • A lactose intolerance diet should not be started by pregnant or nursing women without consultation with a licensed health care provider
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Calcium deficiency
  • Osteoporosis
  • Consultation with a licensed health care provider before starting any diet plan and exercise program is recommended

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