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Diets » Low Cholesterol Diet
 

Low Cholesterol Diet

Introduction: Low Cholesterol Diet

There are many versions of a low cholesterol diet. Low cholesterol diets were developed for people who have or at risk for cardiovascular disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), or stroke. A low cholesterol diet focuses on minimizing the intake of foods high in unhealthy fats, such as saturated and trans fats, which can lead to high cholesterol levels and increase the risk for a vascular event, such as a heart attack or stroke. Credible versions of a low cholesterol diets include complete plans for healthy balanced eating that incorporates other factors important to lowering cholesterol and the risk of disease, such as increasing exercise and lowering stress. When a low cholesterol diet is based on these principals and promotes life-long, balanced, healthy eating habits, it can also be of benefit to people who are looking to lose and/or maintain a healthy weight. A credible low cholesterol diet also limits excessive sodium, highly processed carbohydrates, and stresses eating a balanced diet of whole-grain foods, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products.

Although cholesterol is found in hydrogenated fats and animal fats, credible low cholesterol diets do not eliminate most or all fats from the diet. Some fat in the diet is necessary for proper functioning of the body. Fats supply energy and essential fatty acids and promote the absorption of some fat-soluble vitamins like A, D, E, and K. Good low cholesterol diets should encourage the use of healthy, unsaturated fats, such as those from olive oil and Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish and flax seed. Current research has found that a deficiency in essential fatty acids can actually raise cholesterol and the risk of heart disease. Studies have also suggested that fatty fish, walnuts, oatmeal, and oat bran, and foods fortified with plant sterols or stanols can help control cholesterol. Credible low cholesterol diets should also minimize or eliminate bad, unhealthy fats, such as trans fats, cholesterol, and saturated fats, found in animal meats and products and tropical oils. This helps to decrease the risk for a vascular event, such as a heart attack or stroke, metabolic syndrome, and some forms of cancer. All diets have the potential to be harmful for some people, so consultation with a health care provider before starting a diet plan and exercise program is recommended.

Low Cholesterol Diet: Similar Diets

Other diets similar to Low Cholesterol Diet include:

Conditions Associated with Low Cholesterol Diet

Conditions associated with Low Cholesterol Diet include:

Foods Excluded Or Restricted From Low Cholesterol Diet

The following foods may be restricted or excluded from Low Cholesterol Diet:

  • Canned and packaged foods, unless marked low/no saturated fats, cholesterol, and trans fats
  • Gravies
  • Sauces
  • Snack foods
  • Chips
  • Crackers
  • Cake
  • Pie
  • Meats high in saturated fat/cholesterol
  • Bacon
  • Brisket
  • Hot dogs
  • Sausage
  • Duck
  • Egg yolks
  • Butter
  • Lard
  • Shortening
  • Trans fats
  • Hydrogenated vegetable oil
  • Tropical oils
  • Coconut oil
  • Palm oil
  • Cream
  • Whole milk dairy products
  • Cheese
  • Ice cream
  • Foods made with processed carbohydrates that are not 100% whole wheat or grain
  • White flours
  • White breads
  • Sugary cereals
  • Cereals made for processed grains
  • Pop/soda that contains sugar and/or high fructose corn syrup
  • Sugar
  • Baked goods
  • Fried foods
  • Fast foods
  • Liver
  • Organ meats
  • Salt

Foods Focused On For Low Cholesterol Diet

The following foods may be focused on as part of Low Cholesterol Diet:

  • Fresh fruits
  • Fresh vegetables
  • Lean and trimmed meats, not fried or sautéed
  • Skinless chicken
  • Lean cuts of beef
  • Fresh fish
  • Unsaturated vegetable oils
  • Canola oil
  • Olive oil
  • Corn oil
  • Cottonseed oil
  • Peanut oil
  • Tofu
  • Flax seed
  • Beans
  • Oatmeal
  • Oat bran
  • Walnuts
  • Low-fat dairy products
  • Skim milk
  • Low-fat or fat-free cottage cheese and other cheeses
  • Low-fat or fat-free yogurt
  • Salt-free seasonings
  • 100% whole wheat or whole grain carbohydrates
  • 100% whole wheat or whole grain breads
  • 100% whole wheat pasta
  • 100% whole wheat or whole grain cereals
  • Brown rice

Low Cholesterol Diet: Potential Risks Or Complications

The following are potential risks or complications of the diet (Low Cholesterol Diet):

  • Deficiency of essential fatty acids can raise cholesterol and the risk of heart disease
  • An unbalanced low-fat diet that is too restrictive in calories may result in:
  • Muscle weakness
  • Ketoacidosis - a condition in which a severe restriction of calories or carbohydrates leads to dangerously high levels of acids called ketones that build up in the blood and can poison the body.
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Osteoporosis
  • Weight loss diets not recommended for pregnant or nursing women

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  • DASH
  • Depression Diet
  • Diabetic Diet
  • Eat-Clean Diet
  • Egg Diet
  • Fruit Diet
  • Fruit Flush Diet
  • Full Liquid Diet
  • Gastric Bypass Diet
  • GERD Diet
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