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Diets » Macular Degeneration Diet
 

Macular Degeneration Diet

Introduction: Macular Degeneration Diet

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss in people over 60. At this time, there is scientific evidence that certain foods and vitamins may help to prevent or have some impact on the progression of macular degeneration. Specific dietary recommendations will be made by your health care provider based on your individual case. However, a macular degeneration diets generally stresses eating a diet rich in leafy greens, such as spinach, kale, collard greens, and watercress. Recommendations also generally include eating vegetables and fruits and other foods that are high in antioxidants, such as corn, spinach, and egg yolks. A vitamin and mineral supplement called the Age-Related Eye Disease Study formula (ARDES) has been shown to slow the progression of intermediate macular degeneration to an advanced stage. This supplement includes vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, zinc, and plus copper. Recent evidence has shown that the herbal supplement Ginkgo biloba may help some people with macular degeneration. Depending on your individual case, your health care provider may also recommend foods that contain Omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish and fish oil. It has also been shown that people with cardiovascular risk factors, such as eating large amounts of fat, smoking, obesity, high cholesterol, and hypertension have a higher risk for developing macular degeneration. Dietary recommendations for lowering cardiovascular risk, such as those in the DASH diet and the Hearty Healthy Diet, can also help these people to lower their risk of macular degeneration. Maintaining a healthy weight and not smoking are other important lifestyle elements to minimizing the risk of macular degeneration.

It is also important to include a variety of healthy foods from all food groups in a macular degeneration diet to ensure nutritional completeness. This generally means focusing on lean meats and that are low in cholesterol and saturated fats, fresh fruits and vegetables, carbohydrates made from 100% whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. Alcohol, fats, and sugar should be restricted or used sparingly. It is also vital that people who want to reduce their risk of developing macular degeneration ensure that they get the recommended daily requirements for vitamins and minerals. Another important guideline is to get regular eye examinations by an optometrist or ophthalmologist.

People with a diagnosis of macular degeneration need to understand that diet is only one element of a multifaceted treatment plan for the condition. Other treatments may include medications and surgery. If you experiencing any symptoms of macular degeneration, including a change or loss in vision, it is important to consult with a optometrist or ophthalmologist for a complete diagnosis and treatment and dietary recommendations specific to your case. You should not take vitamin or herbal supplements without first consulting with your health care provider. Some supplements, including Ginkgo biloba, can interact with other medications and cause serious side effects in some people. In conjunction with your health care professional, you can best develop a complete plan that can safely and most effectively lower your risk of developing macular degeneration or treat existing macular degeneration.

Macular Degeneration Diet: Other Names

Other names for this diet (Macular Degeneration Diet) include:

  • Eye Diet

Macular Degeneration Diet: Similar Diets

Other diets similar to Macular Degeneration Diet include:

Conditions Associated with Macular Degeneration Diet

Conditions associated with Macular Degeneration Diet include:

Foods Excluded Or Restricted From Macular Degeneration Diet

The following foods may be restricted or excluded from Macular Degeneration Diet:

  • Foods high in fat and saturated fat
  • Processed snack foods
  • Processed foods made with refined flours that are not whole grain
  • Meats high in fat and saturated fat/cholesterol
  • Beef
  • Pork
  • Lamb
  • Cream
  • Creamed foods
  • Whole milk dairy products
  • Foods high in added sugar
  • Foods high in fat or prepared with added fat
  • Butter
  • Desserts
  • Fast foods
  • Fried foods
  • Junk foods high in sugar and fat
  • Salt
  • High salt foods

Foods Focused On For Macular Degeneration Diet

The following foods may be focused on as part of Macular Degeneration Diet:

  • Leafy green vegetables
  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Watercress
  • Collard greens
  • Corn egg yolks
  • Green tea
  • Broccoli
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Carrots
  • Cantaloupe
  • Squash
  • Apricots
  • Pumpkin
  • Mango
  • Age-Related Eye Disease Study (ARDES) formula supplement, with health care provider approval
  • Ginkgo biloba supplement with health care provider approval
  • Fruits
  • Low saturated fat foods
  • Low-fat cheeses
  • Low-fat yogurt
  • Low-fat milk
  • Dry roasted, unsalted nuts
  • High -fiber cereals
  • Olive oil
  • Turkey breast
  • Skinless chicken
  • 100% whole wheat or whole grain breads
  • 100% whole wheat pasta
  • Alcohol in moderation only
  • Fish
  • Tuna

Macular Degeneration Diet: Potential Risks Or Complications

The following are potential risks or complications of the diet (Macular Degeneration Diet):

  • Consultation with a health care provider before starting any diet plan or using vitamin or herbal supplements is recommended

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