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The mechanical soft diet is a medical diet developed for people who have difficulty chewing or swallowing food, such as people who have had a stroke or who are weak due to an illness. A mechanical soft diet may also be prescribed as a part of a complete treatment plan after some types of surgery or during radiation therapy for the head, neck, or abdomen. A soft mechanical diet can also be used as a stepping stone between a clear liquid diet and a solid regular diet, such as after abdominal or oral surgery. Mechanical soft diet guidelines vary depending on an individual's specific condition or procedure and what types of foods they can tolerate. Soft mechanical diets generally eliminate all foods that are difficult to chew or swallow, such as tough meats, nuts, seeds, and chewy foods, such as caramel. Products made from whole grains, hard raw fruits and vegetables, such as carrots and apples, fish with bones, and popcorn are also generally not recommended. Sometimes fried, greasy, spicy, foods or foods that produce gas are also eliminated from a mechanical soft diet. Soft mechanical diets are well balanced and include a wide variety of foods from all of the food groups. They generally include such foods as cereals softened by milk, cooked cereals, farina, grits, oatmeal, cream of rice and cream of wheat. A mechanical soft diet also includes clear liquids, such as, ices, sodas, gelatin, juices, broths, and black coffee and teas, milkshakes and soups, as long as they can be swallowed without choking. It also includes foods made with refined grains that are not 100% whole grain and are soft and easy to chew, such as white breads. Cooked potatoes without the skin and cooked white rice are also included. A mechanical soft diet may also contain soft raw or cooked soft vegetables, such as canned tomatoes. Dairy products such as milk, cheese, yogurt, and cottage cheese, are included, as are tender meats and eggs.
Other names for this diet (Mechanical Soft Diet) include:
Other diets similar to Mechanical Soft Diet include:
Conditions associated with Mechanical Soft Diet include:
The following foods may be restricted or excluded from Mechanical Soft Diet:
The following foods may be focused on as part of Mechanical Soft Diet:
The following are potential risks or complications of the diet (Mechanical Soft Diet):
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