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Diets » Mechanical Soft Diet
 

Mechanical Soft Diet

Introduction: Mechanical Soft Diet

The mechanical soft diet is a medical diet developed for people who have difficulty chewing or swallowing food, such as people who have had a stroke or who are weak due to an illness. A mechanical soft diet may also be prescribed as a part of a complete treatment plan after some types of surgery or during radiation therapy for the head, neck, or abdomen. A soft mechanical diet can also be used as a stepping stone between a clear liquid diet and a solid regular diet, such as after abdominal or oral surgery. Mechanical soft diet guidelines vary depending on an individual's specific condition or procedure and what types of foods they can tolerate. Soft mechanical diets generally eliminate all foods that are difficult to chew or swallow, such as tough meats, nuts, seeds, and chewy foods, such as caramel. Products made from whole grains, hard raw fruits and vegetables, such as carrots and apples, fish with bones, and popcorn are also generally not recommended. Sometimes fried, greasy, spicy, foods or foods that produce gas are also eliminated from a mechanical soft diet. Soft mechanical diets are well balanced and include a wide variety of foods from all of the food groups. They generally include such foods as cereals softened by milk, cooked cereals, farina, grits, oatmeal, cream of rice and cream of wheat. A mechanical soft diet also includes clear liquids, such as, ices, sodas, gelatin, juices, broths, and black coffee and teas, milkshakes and soups, as long as they can be swallowed without choking. It also includes foods made with refined grains that are not 100% whole grain and are soft and easy to chew, such as white breads. Cooked potatoes without the skin and cooked white rice are also included. A mechanical soft diet may also contain soft raw or cooked soft vegetables, such as canned tomatoes. Dairy products such as milk, cheese, yogurt, and cottage cheese, are included, as are tender meats and eggs.

Any diet may have the potential to be harmful to some people, so consultation with a health care provider before starting any diet plan is recommended.

Mechanical Soft Diet: Other Names

Other names for this diet (Mechanical Soft Diet) include:

Mechanical Soft Diet: Similar Diets

Other diets similar to Mechanical Soft Diet include:

Conditions Associated with Mechanical Soft Diet

Conditions associated with Mechanical Soft Diet include:

Foods Excluded Or Restricted From Mechanical Soft Diet

The following foods may be restricted or excluded from Mechanical Soft Diet:

  • Nuts
  • Seeds
  • Tough meats
  • Steaks
  • Hard, crusty breads
  • Products made from 100% whole grains
  • Fruits with seeds or skin
  • Vegetables with seeds or skin
  • Dried fruits
  • Hard raw vegetables
  • Hard raw fruits
  • Apples
  • Raw carrots
  • Fish with bones
  • Popcorn
  • Wild or whole grain rice
  • Jam with seeds

Foods Focused On For Mechanical Soft Diet

The following foods may be focused on as part of Mechanical Soft Diet:

  • Foods that are easy to chew and swallow
  • Cereals softened by milk
  • Cooked cereals
  • Oatmeal
  • Farina
  • Grits
  • Cream of rice
  • Cream of wheat
  • Foods made with refined grains
  • White breads
  • Cooked white rice
  • Cooked potatoes
  • Cooked mashed vegetables without seeds
  • Soft fruits
  • Bananas
  • Milk
  • Cheeses
  • Cottage cheese
  • Yogurt
  • Tender meats, especially with gravy
  • Sauces
  • Eggs
  • Liquids if not difficult to swallow without choking
  • Fruit juices
  • Fruit nectars
  • Milk
  • Meal replacement drinks or shakes
  • Milkshakes
  • Ice cream
  • Custard
  • Pudding
  • Vegetable juices
  • Sherbet
  • Sugar
  • Syrups
  • Creamed soups
  • Bouillon
  • Broth
  • Coffee

Mechanical Soft Diet: Potential Risks Or Complications

The following are potential risks or complications of the diet (Mechanical Soft Diet):

  • Consultation with a health care provider before starting any diet plan program is recommended

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