Edward Syndrome: Introduction
Edward Syndrome: A rare genetic chromosomal syndrome where the child has an extra third copy of chromosome 18. Most fetuses are aborted before term, but a live birth with this condition occurs with a frequency around 1-in-3000. Duplication 18 syndrome is more severe than the more common Down syndrome. Duplication 18 syndrome causes mental retardation and numerous physical defects that often cause an early infant death. The condition has variable severity depending on how many of the body's cells have the extra chromosome and how much of the extra chromosome is duplicated. In severe forms all cells have an extra copy of the complete chromosome 18 whereas milder forms may have only some cells having the extra chromosome. Other mild forms may have an extra copy of only part of chromosome 18 in some or all of the body cells.
More detailed information about the symptoms,
causes, and treatments of Edward Syndrome is available below.
Symptoms of Edward Syndrome
See full list of 52
symptoms of Edward Syndrome
Treatments for Edward Syndrome
- Treatment varies depending on the symptoms which can vary quite considerably from case to case
- Surgery may be needed to correct defects or abnormalities e.g. heart defects, cleft palate, hernia
- Access to programs and services as required e.g. physical therapy, speech therapy, educational support, social, vocational and medical services
- Various symptomatic and supportive measures as required
- Genetic counseling and joining a support group is recommended
- more treatments...»
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Home Diagnostic Testing
Home medical testing related to Edward Syndrome:
Wrongly Diagnosed with Edward Syndrome?
Edward Syndrome: Complications
Review possible medical complications related to Edward Syndrome:
Causes of Edward Syndrome
- A genetic defect where there are three copies of part or all of chromosome 18 instead of the normal two. Cases appear to be sporadic with no direct link to inheritance
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More information about causes of Edward Syndrome:
Edward Syndrome: Undiagnosed Conditions
Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:
Misdiagnosis and Edward Syndrome
Leg cramps at night a classic sign: The symptom of having leg muscle cramps,
particularly at night, is a classic sign of undiagnosed diabetes.
However, there are also various other causes.
See causes of leg cramps or misdiagnosis...read more »
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Edward Syndrome: Research Doctors & Specialists
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- Baby & Newborn Health Specialists:
- Ear, Nose & Throat Specialists:
- Child Health Specialists (Pediatrics):
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Hospitals & Clinics: Edward Syndrome
Research quality ratings and patient safety measures
for medical facilities in specialties related to Edward Syndrome:
Hospital & Clinic quality ratings »
Choosing the Best Hospital:
More general information, not necessarily in relation to Edward Syndrome,
on hospital performance and surgical care quality:
Edward Syndrome: Animations
More Edward Syndrome animations & videos
Prognosis for Edward Syndrome
Prognosis for Edward Syndrome:
The prognosis varies depending on the nature and severity of symptoms present in individual cases but most patients die before birth. Of those that survive the birth, only a small number will survive the first year of life. Survival into the teens does occur but patients often have severe health problems. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment can improve prognosis and quality of life.
More about prognosis of Edward Syndrome
Statistics for Edward Syndrome
Edward Syndrome: Broader Related Topics
Types of Edward Syndrome
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Definitions of Edward Syndrome:
Ophanet, a consortium of European partners,
currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000.
They list Edward Syndrome as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet
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