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Diseases » Ehrlichiosis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Ehrlichiosis

  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome: Severe respiratory failure
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Candidiasis: Fungal infection of moist areas such as mouth or vagina
  • Cold & Flu:
  • Coma: Prolonged unconsciousness
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Epidemic typhus: An infectious disease caused by Rickettsia prowazekii and transmitted by body lice. The severity of the illness may range from moderate to fatal.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Hashimoto's encephalitis: A rare but serious condition that can occur when thyroid antibodies, such as those present in Hashimoto's thyroiditis, involve the brain tissue and cause neurological symptoms.
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Kidney failure: Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Malaise: General feelings of discomfort or being ill-at-ease.
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Meningoencephalitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the brain and meninges
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Muscle aches: Aches affecting one or more muscles
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Prolonged fever: The occurrence of a fever over a prolonged period of time
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever: A bacterial disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by ticks. The condition causes fever and a characteristic rash and may be fatal in severe or untreated cases.
  • STARI: Bacterial infection and skin rash due to illness from a tick bite
  • Scrub typhus: Type of typhus usually caught from ticks
  • Seizures -- intellectual deficit due to hydroxylysinuria: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, seizures and high levels of hydroxylysine in the urine.
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, acquired: A rare blood condition where small blood clots form in blood vessels which reduces the number of blood platelets and results in kidney failure, neurological symptoms and anemia. The condition may be familial or acquired - symptoms tend to recur regularly in the familial form.
  • Tick bite: When an individual is bitten by a tick
  • Tick-borne diseases: Any disease that is transferred to humans by the tick
  • Type A influenza subtype H1: The H1 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause serious illness and result in pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.

 

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