Euphoria is a condition in which a person experiences intense feelings of well-being, elation, happiness, ecstasy, excitement and/or joy.
Euphoria can occur naturally as a normal or non-pathological condition during such situations as sexual organism, athletic victory or other competitive victory, or as a result of meditation or a spiritual experience. This type of euphoria occurs briefly.
Euphoria, especially longer or regular periods of euphoria, can also be a symptom of a variety of diseases, disorders and conditions. These include drug use, alcohol use, bipolar disorder, cyclothymic personality, head injury and hyperthyroidism.
Depending on the cause, euphoria can be short-term and disappear relatively quickly, such as when it occurs due to sexual orgasm.
Euphoria can also can be chronic and ongoing over a longer period of time, such as when it is due to untreated mental health disorders, such as bipolar disorder and cyclothymic personality. Euphoria can also be due to some medical conditions, such as Alzheimer's disease, hypoxia and altitude sickness. For more details about causes, see causes of euphoria.
There are many symptoms that can occur with euphoria. Symptoms vary depending on the disease, disorder or condition that is at the root of the euphoria. Common coexisting symptoms include hallucinations, anxiety, memory problems, forgetfulness, restlessness, extreme mood swings, paranoia, confusion and disorientation.
Diagnosing euphoria and its root cause begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination, including a neurological examination.
Depending on the suspected cause, tests can include blood tests, urine tests, and imaging tests, such as CT scan and MRI of the brain.
Drug screening and alcohol tests on blood and urine are performed if euphoria is suspected to be due to alcohol use or drug use. Thyroid tests n blood, such as T3, T4 and TSH, are performed if the cause of euphoria is suspected to be due to hyperthyroidism.
A noninvasive test called a pulse oximetry is performed if hypoxia (low levels of oxygen in the body) is a suspected cause of euphoria. This involves clipping a painless device to the fingertip, which measures the amount of oxygen in the blood. An arterial blood gas test may also be performed to measure multiple parameters of effective respiration and oxygenation.
A mini-mental state examination (MMSE) can be used to assess mental and cognitive function if Alzheimer's disease is the suspected cause of euphoria. In the MMSE, a health professional asks a patient a series of questions designed to test a range of everyday cognitive skills.
In addition to a primary care provider, making a diagnosis of the root cause of euphoria may involve evaluations by multiple specialists, such as a neurologist, psychiatrist and/or psychologist. This is especially important is the suspected cause is a mental health disorder or drug use or alcohol use.
A diagnosis of euphoria and its cause can easily be delayed or missed for a variety of reasons. For information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of euphoria.
Treatment of euphoria due to disorders or diseases involves diagnosing and treating the underlying cause. Some conditions can be easily and successfully treated and cured, while others may require more intensive treatment and may not have an optimal prognosis. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of euphoria.
Head injury, head trauma and petit mal seizures that cause euphoria often need to be evaluated and treated by a neurologist and/or neurosurgeon. ...more »
Treatment plans for euphoria are individualized depending on the cause, the presence of coexisting diseases, the age and medical history of the patient, and other factors. Treatment generally involves a multifaceted plan that addresses the underlying or associated cause and helps to moderate behavior so a person can function effectively and lead as active and normal a life ...more treatments »
Diagnosing euphoria and its cause may be delayed or missed because some people who have disorders, such as drug use, alcohol use, bipolar disorder or cyclothymic personality, may deny or be unaware that they have a problem. They also may feel shame, guilt or embarrassment and not seek medical care.
Although a brief period of euphoria can be ...more misdiagnosis »
Symptoms of Euphoria
- Extremely positive sense of wellbeing
- Intense joy
- Intense happiness
- more symptoms...»
Read more about symptoms of Euphoria
Home Diagnostic Testing
Home medical testing related to Euphoria:
- Child Behavior: Home Testing
- Mental Health (Adults): Home Testing
Wrongly Diagnosed with Euphoria?
Read more about complications of Euphoria.
Causes of Euphoria
Read more about causes of Euphoria.
More information about causes of Euphoria:
Euphoria: Undiagnosed Conditions
Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:
Misdiagnosis and Euphoria
Cushing's disease can be mistaken for depression: Cushing's disease (or similarly Cushing's syndrome) is a possible misdiagnosis for a...read more »
Multiple sclerosis often misdiagnosed as mental disorder: The early stages of multiple sclerosis may cause
various general feelings of wellness, happiness, euphoria, or manic-type...read more »
Undiagnosed stroke leads to misdiagnosed aphasia: BBC News UK reported on a man who
had been institutionalized and treated for mental illness
because he suffered...read more »
Dementia may be a drug interaction: A common scenario in aged care is for
a patient to show mental decline to dementia.
Whereas this can, of...read more »
ADHD under-diagnosed in adults: Although the over-diagnoses of ADHD
in children is a well-known controversy, the reverse side related to adults.
Some adults can remain undiagnosed, and indeed the condition has...read more »
Bipolar disorder misdiagosed as various conditions by primary physicians: Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder)
often fails to be diagnosed correctly by primary care physicians.
Many patients with bipolar seek help...read more »
Eating disorders under-diagnosed in men: The typical patient with
an eating disorder is female.
The result is that men with eating disorders often fail to be diagnosed or
have a delayed diagnosis.
See ...read more »
Depression undiagnosed in teenagers: Serious bouts of depression can be
undiagnosed in teenagers.
The "normal" moodiness of teenagers can cause severe medical depression
to be overlooked.
See misdiagnosis of...read more »
Undiagnosed anxiety disorders related to depression: Patients with depression (see symptoms of depression)
may also have undiagnosed anxiety disorders (see symptoms of anxiety disorders).
Failure to...read more »
Read more about Misdiagnosis and Euphoria
Euphoria: Research Doctors & Specialists
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Hospitals & Clinics: Euphoria
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More general information, not necessarily in relation to Euphoria,
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Euphoria: Rare Types
Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:
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