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Diseases » Ewing's sarcoma » Summary

What is Ewing's sarcoma?

What is Ewing's sarcoma?

  • Ewing's sarcoma: Ewing's sarcoma is a malignant round-cell tumor. It is a rare disease in which cancer cells are found in the bone or in soft tissue. The most common areas in which it occurs are the pelvis, the femur, the humerus, and the ribs.
  • Ewing's sarcoma: A spectrum of malignant tumors, affecting mostly males under age 20, characterized morphologically by the presence of small round cells. Ewing's sarcoma and peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor represent the ends of a spectrum, with Ewing's sarcoma lacking evidence of neural differentiation and the markers that characterize the peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor. Ewing's sarcoma and peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor may share cytogenetic abnormalities, proto-oncogene expression, cell culture and immunohistochemical abnormalities. These tumors may occur in the soft tissues or the bones. Pain and the presence of a mass are the most common clinical symptoms. -- 2004
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Ewing's sarcoma: malignant tumor in bone marrow (usually in the pelvis or in long bones).
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Ewing's sarcoma is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Ewing's sarcoma, or a subtype of Ewing's sarcoma, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ewing's sarcoma: Introduction

Types of Ewing's sarcoma:

Broader types of Ewing's sarcoma:

Who gets Ewing's sarcoma?

Patient Profile for Ewing's sarcoma: Most common age 10-20 years

Gender Profile for Ewing's sarcoma: Males more than females

Gender Ratio for Ewing's sarcoma: male predominance

How serious is Ewing's sarcoma?

Prognosis of Ewing's sarcoma: Five-year survival for localized disease is 70% to 80% when treated with chemotherapy. Long term survival for metastatic disease can be less than 10% but some sources state it is 25-30%
Complications of Ewing's sarcoma: see complications of Ewing's sarcoma

What causes Ewing's sarcoma?

Causes of Ewing's sarcoma: see causes of Ewing's sarcoma

What are the symptoms of Ewing's sarcoma?

Symptoms of Ewing's sarcoma: see symptoms of Ewing's sarcoma

Complications of Ewing's sarcoma: see complications of Ewing's sarcoma

Onset of Ewing's sarcoma: Ewing sarcoma occurs most frequently in male teenagers, with a male/female ratio of 1.6:1.

Can anyone else get Ewing's sarcoma?

Contagion of cancer: generally not; see details in contagion of cancer.

Ewing's sarcoma: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Ewing's sarcoma.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Ewing's sarcoma.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Ewing's sarcoma: see treatments for Ewing's sarcoma
Research for Ewing's sarcoma: see research for Ewing's sarcoma

Organs Affected by Ewing's sarcoma:

Organs and body systems related to Ewing's sarcoma include:

Name and Aliases of Ewing's sarcoma

Main name of condition: Ewing's sarcoma

Class of Condition for Ewing's sarcoma: cancer

Other names or spellings for Ewing's sarcoma:

diffuse bone endothelioma, endothelial myeloma, Ewing's tumor, Ewing sarcoma, Ewing's tumour

Endothelial sarcoma of bone Source - Diseases Database

Ewing's sarcoma, Ewing's tumor, Ewing's tumour, Endothelial myeloma
Source - WordNet 2.1

Ewing sarcoma, Ewing's tumor, Sarcoma, Ewing's, Ewing sarcoma, Ewing's tumor
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ewing's sarcoma: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Ewing's sarcoma:

  • Primitive neuroectodermal tumours

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