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Diseases » Female infertility » Glossary
 

Glossary for Female infertility

  • 47,XXX syndrome: A genetic condition where females have an extra X chromosome in each of their cells. Normally female cells have two X chromosomes. This is not usually an inherited condition but a defect that occurs during cell division. Often the condition is asymptomatic.
  • Abscess: General name for any pus-filled lump or swelling
  • Adrenal disorders: Disorders affecting the adrenal glands
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Amenorrhea: Absence of menstrual periods due to many possible causes.
  • Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome: Females with male XY genetics but inability to respond to testosterone.
  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Anovulation: Failure to ovulate
  • Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension, and fear without apparent stimulus that is associated sometime with somatic responses
  • Asherman's syndrome: Scarring and adhesions that develop in the uterus and can result in menstrual and fertility problems.
  • Azoospermia: Total lack of sperm in ejaculate
  • Breast Feeding: Nursing an infant with breast milk.
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Cervical Cancer: Cervical cancer is malignant cancer of the cervix uteri or cervical area
  • Cervicitis: Inflammation of the cervix
  • Cervix symptoms: Symptoms affecting the cervix
  • Chlamydia: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Chronic Illness: Any form of continuing chronic illness.
  • Clomiphene -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Clomiphene during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Conn's syndrome: An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition may result from the presence of an adenoma, carcinoma or enlargement of the adrenal gland or glands. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients simply suffering high blood pressure and no other symptoms. Due to the high degree of variation in presenting symptoms, the condition may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
  • Cortisone reductase deficiency: An inborn error of steroid metabolism due to a deficiency of an enzyme called cortisone reductase (11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase). This enzyme is needed to convert cortisone to cortisol.
  • Cushing's disease: A condition of hyperadrenocorticism which is secondary to excessive pituitary secretion of ACTH. Cushing's disease is different to Cushing's syndrome which refers to the effects of glucocorticoid excess from any cause.
  • Cushing's syndrome: A rare syndrome where excessive secretion of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex leads to a variety of symptoms. Hormone-secreting adrenal or pituitary tumors are often the cause of the excessive corticosteroid secretion.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Dysmenorrhea: Pain, cramping, or discomfort due to menstruation
  • Dyspareunia: Vaginal pain after sexual intercourse
  • Ectopic pregnancy: A condition where a fertilized egg embeds itself outside the uterus.
  • Endocrine disorders: Any disorder that affects the endocrine system
  • Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
  • Ethanol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ethanol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Exercise symptoms: Symptoms related to or triggered by exercise
  • Fallopian tube conditions: Conditions that affect the fallopian tubes of a woman
  • Female reproductive conditions: Medical conditions affecting the female reproductive system.
  • Fertility conditions: Medical conditions relating to fertility, including infertility.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Galactorrhoea-Hyperprolactinaemia: Increased blood prolactin levels associated with galactorrhea (abnormal milk secretion). It may be caused by such things as certain medications, pituitary disorders and thyroid disorders. The condition can occur in males as well as females.
  • Hydatidiform mole: A rare condition where an abnormal union between an egg and a sperm results in the formation of grape-like cysts instead of a baby. The growth is not malignant.
  • Hypergonadotropic ovarian failure: Premature onset of menopause - occurs before the fourth decade -average age of onset of menopause is about 50 years of age. The condition can occur sporadically or may be inherited in a familial manner.
  • Hyperprolactinemia: High levels of prolactin in the blood.
  • Hyperthyroidism: Too much thyroid hormone production.
  • Hypopituitarism: A disorder caused by reduced pituitary hormone levels. Hormones produce by the pituitary gland produces growth hormones, prolactin, thyroid stimulating hormone, antidiuretic hormone and others.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Hysterectomy: The surgical removal of the female uterus
  • Imperforate hymen: Lack of opening in the vaginal hymen
  • Infertility: The inability to produce offspring
  • Kallmann Syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized by hypogonadism, eunuchoidism and impaired or absent sense of smell. The condition occurs as a result of failure of a part of the hypothalamus which results in hormonal imbalance.
  • Lead poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to lead.
  • Lupus: Autoimmune disease with numerous effects on various organs and linings.
  • Malabsorption syndrome: is an alteration in the ability of the intestine to absorb nutrients adequately into the bloodstream
  • Male infertility: The inability of the male to reproduce
  • Masculinisation: Increased male physical appearance in females
  • Menopause: The end of female menstruation and fertility.
  • Metoclopramide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Metoclopramide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Miscarriage: Loss of fetus without human interference
  • Myotonic Dystrophy: An inherited disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakness and wasting as well as eye defects, heart abnormalities and other anomalies. The severity of the condition is greatly variable. There are two type of myotonic dystrophy with type 1 being more severe than type 2.
  • Myxedema: Skin and tissue disorder usually due to hypothyroidism
  • Obesity: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Ovarian Cancer: Cancer of the ovaries.
  • Ovarian cysts: Cysts occurring in the ovaries.
  • Ovary conditions: Any condition that affects a female ovary
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Infection of the womb and fallopian tubes.
  • Pituitary Cancer: Cancer of the pituitary gland.
  • Pituitary conditions: Any condition that affects the pituitary
  • Pituitary tumors, adult: A benign or cancer tumor that develops in the tissue of the pituitary gland in adults. The pituitary gland produces various hormones and some pituitary tumors (functioning tumors) can affect the secretion of one or more of these hormones resulting in a range of symptoms depending on the exact location of the tumor. Some pituitary tumors do not affect hormone production (nonfunctioning tumors).
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder that affects approximately 5% of all women.
  • Polyp: An growth or protrusion that extends from a mucous membrane
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Medroxyprogesterone acetate: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Medroxyprogesterone acetate has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Progestagen -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Progestagen during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Prolactinoma: Benign cancer of the pituitary gland producing prolactin.
  • Reproductive conditions: Medical conditions of the reproductive system in men or women.
  • Salpingitis: Inflammation of the fallopian tubes
  • Sexual dysfunction: Any dysfunction of sexual activity
  • Sheehan Syndrome: A rare condition that occurs in women who suffer a severe uterine hemorrhage during childbirth. The resulting blood loss may damage the pituitary gland and result in hypopituitarism.
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Stress: Emotional stress (sometimes refers to physical stress)
  • Thyroid disorders: Any disorder of the thyroid gland.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Turner Syndrome: Rare chromosome syndrome with one X but no second X or Y chromosome.
  • Uterine Cancer: Cancer of the uterus.
  • Uterine fibroids: Benign nodules in the uterus wall.
  • Uterine leiomyoma: A condition which is characterized by a benign tumour of the uterus derived from smooth muscle
  • Uterus conditions: Any condition that affects the female uterus
  • Vagina, absence of: A condition characterised by the absence of a vagina at birth
  • Vaginal symptoms: Symptoms related to the vagina
  • Vaginismus: Vaginal entrance muscle spasms triggered by sex
  • Vitamin A deficiency: Dietary deficiency of vitamin A
  • Vitamin B deficiency: When there is a deficiency of vitamin B in the body
  • Women-only conditions: Conditions affecting women (females), but not males.
  • Womens health conditions: Medical conditions related to women's health.

 

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