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Treatments for Finger Arthritis

Treatment List for Finger Arthritis

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Finger Arthritis includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Varies depending on the cause
  • Treatment for finger arthritis depends on the specific type of arthritis, the severity of the symptoms, and the patients' age, general health and other medical conditions. Treatment is aimed at symptom control and modification of disease progression. Treatments include:
    • Explanation - Education plays an important role in arthritis management
    • Rest - during bouts of active inflammation
    • Exercise - graduated exercise program recommended to maintain good joint function, especially in osteoarthritis
    • Heat - may provide relief in non-inflammatory arthritis such as osteoarthritis
    • Physiotherapy - can assist with regaining and maintaining joint function
    • Occupational therapy - can assist with management at home and mobility aids
    • Simple analgesics (used regularly) - can be effective in control of pain either alone or in combination with other agents. Regular paracetamol is an effective first line agent
    • NSAIDs, aspirin and COX-2's - used for more persistent pain or where there is evidence of an inflammatory component. Need to be wary of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular side effects
    • Stronger analgesics - tramadol, buprenorphine, opioid analgesics, used when pain is not adequately controlled with other measures, but not first line
    • Intra-articular steroids - not routinely recommended but can be effective for acute flare ups of arthritis
    • Glucosamine - found in some studies to be as effective as NSAIDs in osteoarthritis
    • Surgery - arthroscopy and joint replacement have a role when other measures do not provide adequate symptom control, especially in osteoarthritis
    • Oral steroids - used in treatment of inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis, ideally for short periods of time only
    • Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Agents (DMARDS) - used in treatment of inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis associated with connective tissue disorders
      • Immunosuppressants - Azathioprine, Cyclosporin, Leflunomide, Methotrexate
      • Other agents - Gold Salts, Hydroxychloroquine, Penicillamine, Sulfasalazine
    • Cytokine blockers - Adalimumab, Anakinra, Entanercept, Infliximab for inflammatory arthropathies
    • Colchicine and allopurinol for gout
    • Antibiotics - for septic arthritis

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