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Hemochromatosis

Hemochromatosis: Introduction

Hemochromatosis is a common disorder in which there is a high level of iron accumulates in the tissues and organs in the body. Hemochromatosis is a type of iron overload disease and can result in serious, even life-threatening complications if left untreated.

Hemochromatosis is usually inherited and due to a recessive, defective gene that causes the body to store too much iron. This is also called with hereditary hemochromatosis

Iron is a metal that is vital to health in small amounts. It is needed for normal oxygen transport and cell growth and ingested through foods such as liver, red meats and leafy green vegetables. In hemochromatosis the body absorbs extra iron from food and cannot effectively eliminate the excess.

This iron overload of hemochromatosis builds up in organs and tissues and can eventually result in serious harm to the liver, heart, pancreas, pituitary gland, joints and other tissues of the body. When diagnosed and treated early, people with hemochromatosis can generally expect to live normal, healthy lives.

People with hereditary hemochromatosis are born with the disorder, but symptoms often don't appear until middle age when tissue and organ damage occurs. Early symptoms can be vague and include weakness, fatigue, weight loss and abdominal pain. As the disease progresses, symptoms become more severe and may include shortness of breath and chronic abdominal pain.

If hemochromatosis is not diagnosed and treated, it can lead to serious, even life-threatening complications, such as heart failure, liver cirrhosis, liver failure and death. For more information on symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of hemochromatosis.

Making a diagnosis of hemochromatosis begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination.

Diagnostic testing includes blood tests that can determine if iron overload is present. These include the transferrin saturation test and the serum ferritin test. There is also a test that can be done to determine if a patient has a specific genetic mutation that causes hemochromatosis. People who have a family history of hemochromatosis should seek diagnostic medical testing for the disease even in the absence of symptoms.

Additional tests, such as X-ray, CT, MRI, EKG, liver function tests and other blood and urine tests, may be performed in order to rule out or confirm the development of complications, such as liver damage, heart failure, arthritis or diabetes.

It is possible that a diagnosis of hemochromatosis can be missed or delayed because symptoms generally do not appear until middle age, and some symptoms are similar to those of other conditions. In addition, screening for hemochromatosis is not routinely done. For more information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of hemochromatosis.

Hemochromatosis can be successfully treated, minimizing the risk of developing complications if diagnosed early. It is treated with a procedure called phlebotomy. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of hemochromatosis. ...more »

Hemochromatosis: Hemochromatosis is genetic disease, affecting around 1-in-200 to 1-in-300, where excessive iron builds up in the body and gradually damages various body organs. Over time it damages the joints (causing arthritis), liver (causing liver disease), heart (causing heart disease), and pancreas (causing diabetes). Because it has no early symptoms, hemochromatosis is often undiagnosed until serious organ damage causes other conditions or symptoms. Even at this stage, hemochromatosis may be overlooked as the underlying cause with a diagnosis of arthritis, liver disease, heart disease or diabetes given. This is unfortunate because hemochromatosis is usually treatable to at least stop and often to reverse the organ damage. ...more »

Hemochromatosis: Symptoms

Hemochromatosis results in the build-up of high levels of iron in the body, called iron overload. People with hereditary hemochromatosis, the most common form of hemochromatosis, have the disorder from birth, but generally do not begin to experience symptoms until they are in middle age.

Iron overload progresses over years and can eventually lead to organ ...more symptoms »

Hemochromatosis: Treatments

Early diagnosis and treatment of hemochromatosis is vital to preventing serious, even life-threatening complications, such as diabetes, liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, hypopituitarism and heart failure. Once tissue and organ damage has been done, it may not be possible to reverse it. However, treatment can prevent further damage and improve symptoms.

Treatment of hemochromatosis ...more treatments »

Hemochromatosis: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of hemochromatosis may be overlooked or delayed because hemochromatosis is common, but is generally not screened for on a routine physical or office visit. In addition, symptoms generally do not appear until middle age and can be nonspecific and common symptoms of many other conditions. These include aging, menopause, perimenopause, chronic ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of Hemochromatosis

Treatments for Hemochromatosis

  • Phlebotomy (bloodletting) - similar to donating blood
  • Avoid iron supplements
  • Avoid vitamin C - because vitamin C increases iron digestion.
  • Avoid alcohol - to avoid exacerbating liver damage
  • Avoiding high-iron foods - simply eat less iron.
  • more treatments...»

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Hemochromatosis:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Hemochromatosis?

Hemochromatosis: Related Patient Stories

Hemochromatosis: Deaths

Read more about Deaths and Hemochromatosis.

Types of Hemochromatosis

Diagnostic Tests for Hemochromatosis

Test for Hemochromatosis in your own home

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Hemochromatosis: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to Hemochromatosis:

Causes of Hemochromatosis

More information about causes of Hemochromatosis:

Disease Topics Related To Hemochromatosis

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Hemochromatosis:

Hemochromatosis: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Hemochromatosis

Heart attacks can be undiagnosed: Although the most severe symptoms of heart attack are hard to miss, there are varying degrees of severity. It is altogether too common for people to die from undiagnosed heart attack, or from delaying...read more »

Heart attacks can be overdiagnosed: Although many people die from heart attacks, there are also many cases where people fear that they have a heart attack...read more »

Unnecessary hysterectomies due to undiagnosed bleeding disorder in women: The bleeding disorder called Von Willebrand's disease is quite common in women, but often fails to be correctly...read more »

Rare undiagnosed iron disorder causes various severe conditions: The rare "iron overload" disorder, hemochromatosis, can cause a variety of symptoms and result in various severe conditions that mimic several of the big name medical...read more »

Rare heart condition often undiagnosed: The rare heart condition called long QT syndrome can lead to episodes of palpitations and rapid heartbeat. In rare cases, this undiagnosed...read more »

Heart attack can be over-diagnosed: Although heart attack is often undiagnosed, leading to fatality, it can also be over-diagnosed. People become concerned that a condition is a heart attack, whereas there are various less dangerous...read more »

Blood pressure cuffs misdiagnose hypertension in children: One known misdiagnosis issue with hyperension, arises in relation to the simple equipment used to test blood pressure. The ...read more »

Chronic liver disease often undiagnosed: One study reported that 50% of patients with a chronic liver disease remain undiagnosed by their primary physician. The reasons are multifactorial. Possible conditions include chronic...read more »

Hypertension misdiagnosis common in children: Hypertension is often misdiagnosed in adults (see misdiagnosis of hypertension), but its misdiagnosis is even more likely in children. Some of the symptoms...read more »

Vitamin B12 deficiency under-diagnosed: The condition of Vitamin B12 deficiency is a possible misdiagnosis of various conditions, such as multiple sclerosis (see ...read more »

Hemochromatosis: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Hemochromatosis

Research quality ratings and patient safety measures for medical facilities in specialties related to Hemochromatosis:

Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Hemochromatosis, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Hemochromatosis: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Latest Treatments for Hemochromatosis

Hemochromatosis: Animations

Prognosis for Hemochromatosis

Research about Hemochromatosis

Visit our research pages for current research about Hemochromatosis treatments.

Clinical Trials for Hemochromatosis

The US based website ClinicalTrials.gov lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on ClinicalTrials.gov for Hemochromatosis include:

Statistics for Hemochromatosis

Hemochromatosis: Broader Related Topics

Hemochromatosis Message Boards

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User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Hemochromatosis, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Article Excerpts about Hemochromatosis

Hemochromatosis, the most common form of iron overload disease, is an inherited disorder that causes the body to absorb and store too much iron. The extra iron builds up in organs and damages them. Without treatment, the disease can cause these organs to fail. (Source: excerpt from Hemochromatosis: NIDDK)

Definitions of Hemochromatosis:

A disorder due to the deposition of hemosiderin in the parenchymal cells, causing tissue damage and dysfunction of the liver, pancreas, heart, and pituitary. Full development of the disease in women is restricted by menstruation, pregnancy, and lower dietary intake of iron. Acquired hemochromatosis may be the result of blood transfusions, excessive dietary iron, or secondary to other disease. Idiopathic or genetic hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive disorder of metabolism associated with a gene tightly linked to the A locus of the HLA complex on chromosome 6. (From Dorland, 27th ed) - (Source - Diseases Database)

Pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues; characterized by bronzed skin and enlarged liver and diabetes mellitus and abnormalities of the pancreas and the joints - (Source - WordNet 2.1)

 

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