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HIV-2A: HIV is an immune system disease caused by the HIV virus. AIDS is a term used when a person infected with HIV has a CD4+ T cell count below 200 or 14% of lymphocytes. AIDS is an advanced form of HIV. To be classified as AIDS the person must also have an AIDS-related condition such as opportunistic infections. Once a person has been diagnosed with AIDS, even if treatment improved their CD4+ T cell count and infections are under control, the person is still considered to have AIDS. HIV is classified into two subtypes - HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is further classified into three groups - Group M, N and O. HIV-2 has two subtypes - And B and they are found mainly in Western Africa. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of HIV-2A is available below.
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Prognosis for HIV-2A: Death usually occurs between 6 and 19 months after diagnosis of AIDS if not treatment is utilized. Strict adherence to treatment plans (usually antiretroviral medications) can significantly improve long-term outcomes. A number of people will develop a resistance to treatment therapies if they have been on them for more than two decades.
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