Is HTLV Contagious?
Transmission of HTLV from Person to Person
HTLV is considered to be contagious between people.
Generally the infectious agent may be transmitted by saliva, air, cough, fecal-oral route,
surfaces, blood, needles, blood transfusions, sexual contact, mother to fetus, etc.
HTLV, although infectious, is not a genetic disease. It is not caused by a defective or abnormal gene.
The contagious disease, HTLV, can be transmitted:
- by sexual conduct between people.
- from person to person by blood.
- from the mother to her fetus.
The virus can be transmitted by blood or intimate sexual
contact, and can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy
and through breast milk. (Source: excerpt from Other Important STDS, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)
About contagion and contagiousness:
Contagion and contagiousness refers to how easily
the spread of HTLV is possible from one person to another.
Other words for contagion include "infection", "infectiousness",
"transmission" or "transmissability".
Contagiousness has nothing to do with genetics
or inheriting diseases from parents.
For an overview of contagion,
see Introduction to Contagion.
» Next page: Treatments for HTLV
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