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Diseases » Hyperinsulinemia » Glossary

Glossary for Hyperinsulinemia

  • Acute liver failure: Rapid deterioration of the liver that is caused by severe damage to the liver. Acute liver failure may be caused by such things as paracetamol overdose, excess alcohol consumption, viral hepatitis, Reye syndrome or acute fatty liver of pregnancy.
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis: A form of degenerative arthritis characterized by calcification on the sides of the spine vertebrae as well as inflammation and calcification of tendons where they attach to bone which often results in bone spurs.
  • Endocrine system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the endocrine systems, such as the related hormones or glands.
  • Hyperparathyroidism: Increased secretion of parathyroid hormone from the parathyroid glands.
  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar level
  • Hypoglycemic attack: Sudden onset of low blood sugar levels
  • Insulin Resistance: The resistance of the body to insulin
  • Leprechaunism: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by insulin resistance which leads to growth delay and endocrine system abnormalities.
  • Lipodystrophy-HIV related: The loss of subcutaneous fat tissue in a patient infected with the HIV virus. The fat loss usually affects the face, extremities and trunk but fat accumulation occurs on the chin, back of neck and in the abdomen.
  • Obesity due to congenital leptin deficiency: A form of monogenic obesity caused by a genetic mutation which results in a deficiency of leptin. Monogenic obesity is obesity caused by a mutation in a single gene.
  • Pancreas conditions: Any condition that affects the pancreas
  • Pancreatic cancer: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder that affects approximately 5% of all women.
  • Type 1 diabetes: Severe insulin-treated diabetes typically occurring in young people.
  • Type 2 diabetes: Most common diabetes in adults, usually progressing slowly, mostly treated without insulin at diagnosis.


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