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Diseases » Hyperopia » Glossary
 

Glossary for Hyperopia

  • Accommodative effort: An eye condition where vision becomes blurry within minutes of using near vision such as reading or stitching.
  • Albinism: A rare inherited condition characterized by a lack of pigmentation in the hair, skin and/or eyes.
  • Anisometropia: This is where there is an inequality in refractive power of the two eyes
  • Aphakia: Absent eye lens. The disorder may be present at birth or result from such things as lens dislocation, cataract surgery, ulcer or trauma.
  • Aphakia, congenital primary: The absence of the lens of the eye at birth
  • Astigmatism: Vision impairment from irregularly shaped eye cornea or lens.
  • Asymmetric short stature syndrome: A rare disorder characterized mainly by short stature, unequal leg lengths and facial anomalies.
  • Best Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy: Vitelliform macular dystrophy is a rare inherited eye disorder that affects the retina and often results in progressive loss of central vision. The early-onset form of the condition is called Best Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy and usually appears during childhood. The severity of the symptoms of this form of the condition is quite variable. Peripheral and night vision are usually unaffected.
  • Bestrophinopathy, atuosomal recessive: A disorder of the retinas which manifests as loss of central vision loss.
  • Blurred vision: Blurriness of vision or images.
  • Chromosome 8, mosaic trisomy: A very rare chromosomal disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 8 in some of the body's cells. Some cases with this chromosomal abnormality have no clinical symptoms. The presence of abnormalities in some cases is dependent on which body cells contain the chromosomal defect.
  • Cockayne syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a senile-like appearance, hearing and vision impairment and sun sensitive skin.
  • Coloboma of macula, type B brachydactyly: A rare disorder characterized by congenital macular colobomas and finger and toe abnormalities.
  • Cornea Plana 2: An inherited eye condition involving abnormal development of the cornea which is unusually thin and flat. Type 2 tends to have a greater impact on vision than type 1.
  • Cornea plana, congenital: An inherited eye condition involving abnormal development of the cornea which is unusually thin and flat.
  • Cystoid Macular Dystrophy: A dominantly inherited eye disease characterized by macular edema resulting from leaking blood capillaries around the macula of the eye.
  • Diabetic Lens Osmosis: Eye lens vision changes due to diabetic sugars; usually reversible.
  • Dubowitz Syndrome: A rare genetic and developmental disorder characterized by infantile eczema, small stature, microcephaly and peculiar facial features.
  • Dwarfism -- stiff joint -- ocular abnormalities: A very rare form of dwarfism characterized by short stature as well as stiff joints and eye abnormalities.
  • Euhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by tooth, hair and facial abnormalities.
  • Eye and vision conditions: Medical conditions affecting the eyes or the vision systems.
  • Eye conditions: Any condition that affects the eyes
  • Eye discomfort: A sensation or feeling of irritation to the eye
  • Gorlin-Chaudhry-Moss Syndrome: A very rare inherited condition involving various physical and mental abnormalities.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Hyperopia: Far-sightedness often requiring glasses
  • Kenny-Caffey Syndrome: A very rare inherited skeletal disorder involving thickening of the long bones of the body and head abnormalities.
  • Kenny-Caffey syndrome, Type 1: A very rare inherited skeletal disorder involving thickening of the long bones of the body and head abnormalities. Type 1 is inherited in a recessive manner and is caused by a genetic defect located at chromosome 1q42-q43.
  • Kenny-Caffey syndrome, Type 2: A very rare inherited skeletal disorder involving thickening of the long bones of the body and head abnormalities.
  • Lens disorders: Any disorder that affects the lens of ones eye
  • Myopia: Short-sightedness often requiring glasses
  • Night blindness, congenital stationary, type 2A: A rare X-linked disorder of the retina that involves the rods of the eyes. A reduced sharpness of vision and night blindness are usually the only symptoms. The non-progressive disorder is linked to a defect at chromosome Xp11.23 and occurs only in males though females may be carriers.
  • Night blindness, congenital stationary, type 2B: A rare inherited disorder of the retina that involves the rods of the eyes. A reduced sharpness of vision and night blindness are usually the only symptoms. The non-progressive disorder is recessively inherited and is linked to a defect at chromosome 11q13.1.
  • Oculo-dento-digital dysplasia dominant: A rare disorder characterized by webbing of some fingers, small corneas, enamel abnormalities and slow-growing, dry hair.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta type II: A rare lethal form of the genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones, blue sclerae and facial and tooth abnormalities.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta, type 2: A rare lethal form of the genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones, blue sclerae and facial and tooth abnormalities.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta, type 2A: A rare lethal form of a genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones, blue sclerae and facial and tooth abnormalities. Type IIA has a different origin of the genetic mutation but the clinical features are similar. Type IIA involves a defect on the COL1A2 gene. The main difference is that type IIA tends to involve a large head and dark blue eyes.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta, type IIB: A rare, recessively inherited, lethal form of a genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones, blue sclerae and facial and tooth abnormalities. Type IIB has a different origin of the genetic mutation but the clinical features are similar. Type IIB involves a defect on the CRTAP gene on chromosome 3p22. The main difference is that type IIA tends to involve a small head and white or light blue eyes.
  • Presbyopia: Age-related far-sightedness often requiring glasses
  • Progeroid syndrome, Penttinen type: A rare form of premature aging.
  • Refractive Eye Disorders: Any disorder that affects the ability of the eye to focus on an object
  • Retinal degeneration -- nanophthalmos -- glaucoma: A very rare syndrome characterized by eye problems that has an early onset.
  • Thoracopelvic dysostosis: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormalities involving the chest, larynx and pelvis. The small chest cavity affects breathing and can affect survival, especially during infancy.
  • Trisomy 8 mosaicism: A very rare chromosomal disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 8 in some of the body's cells. Some cases with this chromosomal abnormality have no clinical symptoms. The presence of abnormalities in some cases is dependent on which body cells contain the chromosomal defect.
  • Unusual facies and autosomal recessive hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by hair, teeth and skin anomalies.
  • Vision loss: Impaired vision or loss of vision
  • Warman Mulliken Hayward syndrome: This syndrome is a form of craniosynostosis

 

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