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Diagnostic Tests for Hypertension

Diagnostic tests for Hypertension:

Blood pressure is measured or tested by taking a blood pressure reading. It is measured using two numbers, (i.e.120/80mmHg). The "top" number is called the systolic number, which is a measurement of the pressure on the artery walls when the heart beats. The "bottom" number is the diastolic number, which is a measurement of the pressure on the artery walls when the heart is resting between beats.

Many people think of a reading of 120/80mmHg as "normal". In fact there are many variations of normal that are dependent on a variety of factors. Unless a blood pressure reading is very high and needs to be addressed immediately, blood pressure readings need to be repeated, or monitored, over period of time to assess for trends and to get an idea of an overall blood pressure in an individual. Blood pressure readings also need to be evaluated for significance within the full context of a complete history and physical. As a very general guide, adults should keep their blood pressure below 140/90mmHg. In addition, current guidelines consider consistent readings over 120/80mmHg as "pre-hypertensive", which should be monitored and addressed to ensure blood pressure does not rise higher over time, and ideally stays below 120/80nnHg. Your healthcare provider will explain what your blood pressure readings mean for you and your health based on your individual case, current guidelines, and other factors.

Hypertension: Diagnostic Tests

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Hypertension includes:

  • Sphygmomanometer (arm cuff blood pressure test)
  • Home blood pressure tests
  • Finger cuff blood pressure test

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Hypertension:

Tests and diagnosis discussion for Hypertension:

High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease: NIDDK (Excerpt)

The only way to know whether your blood pressure is high is to have a health professional measure it. The result is expressed as two numbers. The top number, which is called the systolic pressure, represents the pressure when your heart is beating. The bottom number, which is called the diastolic pressure, shows the pressure when your heart is resting between beats. Your blood pressure is considered normal if it stays below 130/85 (expressed as "130 over 85"), but recent studies suggest that people with kidney disease should keep their blood pressure even lower. (Source: excerpt from High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease: NIDDK)

Heart Disease & Women Controlling High Blood Pressure A Woman's Guide: NHLBI (Excerpt)

An easy test measures blood pressure. It uses an inflatable cuff around an arm. If the pressure is high, the test will be repeated on several days to get an accurate reading. You probably have had such a test on a visit to your doctor. The test gives two numbers: The systolic pressure is the pressure of blood in the vessels as the heart beats. The diastolic pressure is the pressure of the blood between heartbeats. The numbers are usually written like a fraction with the systolic above or to the left. An example is 120/80 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury), a normal adult blood pressure. Both numbers count. Your blood pressure is high if the systolic pressure is 140 or above, or the diastolic pressure is 90 or above, or both are high. (Source: excerpt from Heart Disease & Women Controlling High Blood Pressure A Woman's Guide: NHLBI)

HEART AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE: NWHIC (Excerpt)

Although the average blood pressure reading for adults is 120/80, a slightly higher or lower reading (for either number) may not be a problem. High blood pressure is diagnosed when the reading consistently exceeds 140/90. (Source: excerpt from HEART AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE: NWHIC)

High Blood Pressure -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA (Excerpt)

To test blood pressure, a doctor or nurse places a cuff around your arm above the elbow, pumps air into the cuff, and then reads the measurements as the air is let out. The test is painless and takes only a few minutes. (Source: excerpt from High Blood Pressure -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA)

Diagnosis of Hypertension: medical news summaries:

The following medical news items are relevant to diagnosis of Hypertension:

 

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