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What is Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

What is Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Heart damage from thickened heart walls.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Heart muscle disease that leads to thickening of the heart walls, interfering with the heart's ability to fill with and pump blood. (Source: excerpt from NHLBI, Cardiomyopathy: NHLBI)
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a disorder in which the heart muscle is so strong that it does not relax enough to fill with the heart with blood and so has reduced pumping ability.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, or a subtype of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Introduction

Types of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:

Types of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:

Broader types of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:

How many people get Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Prevalance of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: 0.2 percent of the U.S. population
Prevalance Rate of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: approx 1 in 500 or 0.20% or 544,000 people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a rare disease, occurring in no more than 0.2 percent of the U.S. population. (Source: excerpt from NHLBI, Cardiomyopathy: NHLBI)

Who gets Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Patient Profile for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Any age from childhood to adults

Profile for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: It can affect men and women of all ages. Symptoms can appear in childhood or adulthood. (Source: excerpt from NHLBI, Cardiomyopathy: NHLBI)

Gender Profile for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Men and women.

How serious is Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Prognosis of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Variable. 10-year risk of sudden death is about 20%.
Complications of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see complications of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
1-year survival rate for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: About 2 to 3 percent die each year because the heart suddenly stops beating. (Source: excerpt from NHLBI, Cardiomyopathy: NHLBI)
10-year survival rate for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Over 10 years, the risk of sudden death can be 20 percent or more. (Source: excerpt from NHLBI, Cardiomyopathy: NHLBI)

What causes Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Causes of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see causes of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Cause of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Many cases are inherited.
Risk factors for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see risk factors for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

What are the symptoms of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Symptoms of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see symptoms of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Complications of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see complications of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Can anyone else get Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

More information: see contagiousness of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Inheritance: see inheritance of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see treatments for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Research for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: see research for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Organs Affected by Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:

Organs and body systems related to Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy include:

Name and Aliases of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Main name of condition: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Other names or spellings for Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:

idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS), asymmetrical septal hypertrophy, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, idiopathic, Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Hereditary ventricular hypertrophy

Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Hereditary ventricular hypertrophy, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, idiopathic, Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS), Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Hereditary ventricular hypertrophy, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, idiopathic
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:

 

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