Treatments for Intestinal Conditions
Treatments for Intestinal Conditions:
The first step in treating intestinal conditions is prevention. This includes seeking regular medical care throughout the lifetime so that a licensed health care provider can evaluate symptoms, the risks of developing intestinal conditions, and perform routine screening tests for such diseases as colorectal cancer. These screening tests include a digital rectal exam and colonoscopy.
Other prevention measures include preventing food poisoning by throwing out expired food or perishable food that has been in room temperature for two hours or longer. Prevention also includes protecting small children and not eating unknown or potentially poisonous plants and mushrooms. Prevention also includes frequent hand washing, especially after using the bathroom and before eating. It is also important to avoid contact with a person who has infectious intestinal conditions.
Treatment plans for intestinal conditions are individualized depending on the specific disease or condition, the presence of coexisting diseases, the age and medical history of the patient, and other factors. Treatment generally involves a multifaceted plan that addresses the intestinal disease or conditions, minimizes discomfort, improves digestion, nutrition and nutrient absorption, and decreases the risk of developing serious complications, such as intestinal obstruction.
When intestinal conditions is caused by a self-limiting condition, such as viral gastroenteritis, the treatment includes resting the stomach by not eating solid foods until symptoms have passed for a period of time and ensuring adequate hydration. This can be achieved by drinking water or an oral rehydrating fluid, such as Pedialyte.
In some cases, medications are used to treat intestinal conditions. Antibiotics may be prescribed when intestinal condition is caused by a bacterial infection, such as in bacterial food poisoning due to shigella, salmonella or campylobacter.
Treatment of severe intestinal conditions that lead to dehydration requires hospitalization and rehydration with intravenous fluids. People most at risk for dehydration include those with chronic illnesses, such as diabetes or cancer, and infants, small children and the elderly.
Treatment of certain intestinal conditions that cause inflammation of the intestines, such as inflammatory bowel disease, may include anti-inflammatory medications, including corticosteroids. Surgery to remove all of a portion of the colon may be needed in severe cases.
Surgery is the treatment for intestinal obstruction.
Colorectal cancer and other malignancies that affect the small intestines or large intestines may be treated with a combination of chemotherapy, surgery, and/or radiation therapy.
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Curable Types of Intestinal Conditions
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Hospital statistics for Intestinal Conditions:
These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Intestinal Conditions:
- Hospitalization statistics in Australia:
- 0.78% (30,879) of hospital episodes were for intestinal infectious diseases in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
- 21% of hospitalisations for intestinal infectious diseases were single day episodes in public hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
- 90% of hospitalisations in public hospitals for intestinal infectious diseases were by public patients in Australia 2001-02 (Australian Hospital Data, AIHW, Australia, 2001-02)
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