Risk Factors for Kidney Cancer
List of Risk Factors for Kidney Cancer
The list of risk factors mentioned for Kidney Cancer in various sources includes:
Risk factors discussion:
What You Need To Know About Cancer -- An Overview: NCI (Excerpt)
smokers are also more likely than nonsmokers to develop
several other types of cancer, including oral cancer and
cancers of the larynx, esophagus, pancreas, bladder, kidney,
and cervix. Smoking may also increase the likelihood of
developing cancers of the stomach, liver, prostate, colon,
and rectum. The risk of cancer begins to decrease soon after
a smoker quits, and the risk continues to decline gradually
each year after quitting. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Cancer -- An Overview: NCI)
What You Need To Know About Kidney Cancer: NCI (Excerpt)
As with most other types of cancer, studies show that the
risk of kidney cancer increases with age. It occurs most often
between the ages of 50 and 70. It affects almost twice as many
men as women. In addition, kidney cancer is somewhat more
common among African American men than White men. Other risk
factors for kidney cancer include:
Tobacco use: Research shows that smokers are twice
as likely to develop kidney cancer as nonsmokers. In
addition, the longer a person smokes, the higher the risk.
However, the risk of kidney cancer decreases for those who
Obesity: Obesity may increase the risk of
developing kidney cancer. In several studies, obesity has
been associated with increased risk in women. One report
suggests that being overweight may be a risk factor for men,
too. The reasons for this possible link are not clear.
Occupational exposure: A number of studies have
examined occupational exposures to see whether they increase
workers' chances of developing kidney cancer. Studies
suggest, for example, that coke oven workers in steel plants
have above-average rates of kidney cancer. In addition,
there is some evidence that asbestos in the workplace, which
has been linked to cancers of the lung and mesothelium (a
membrane that surrounds internal organs of the body), also
increases the risk of some kidney cancers.
Radiation: Women who have been treated with
radiation therapy for disorders of the uterus may have a
slightly increased risk of developing kidney cancer. Also,
people who were exposed to thorotrast (thorium dioxide), a
radioactive substance used in the 1920s with certain
diagnostic x-rays, have an increased rate of kidney cancer.
However, this substance is no longer in use, and scientists
think that radiation accounts for an extremely small
percentage of the total number of kidney cancers.
Phenacetin: Some people have developed kidney
cancer after heavy, long-term use of this drug. This
painkilling drug is no longer sold in the United States.
Dialysis: Patients on long-term use of dialysis to
treat chronic kidney failure have an increased risk of
developing renal cysts and renal cancer. Further study is
needed to learn more about the long-term effects of dialysis
on patients with kidney failure.
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease: Researchers have
found that people who have this inherited disorder are at
greater risk of developing renal cell carcinoma, as well as
tumors in other organs. Researchers have found the gene
responsible for VHL, and they believe that the isolation of
this gene may lead to improved methods of diagnosis,
treatment, and even prevention of some kidney
(Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Kidney Cancer: NCI
Risks factors for Kidney Cancer: medical news summaries:
The following medical news items
are relevant to risk factors for Kidney Cancer:
About risk factors:
Risk factors for Kidney Cancer are factors that do not seem
to be a direct cause of the disease,
but seem to be associated in some way.
Having a risk factor for Kidney Cancer
makes the chances
of getting a condition higher but does
not always lead to Kidney Cancer.
Also, the absence of any risk factors
or having a protective factor does not necessarily
guard you against getting Kidney Cancer.
For general information and a list of risk factors,
see the risk center.
» Next page: Symptoms of Kidney Cancer
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