Treatments for Larynx Cancer
Treatment List for Larynx Cancer
The list of treatments mentioned in various sources
for Larynx Cancer
includes the following list.
Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment
or change in treatment plans.
Larynx Cancer: Is the Diagnosis Correct?
The first step in getting correct treatment is
to get a correct diagnosis.
Differential diagnosis list for Larynx Cancer may include:
Larynx Cancer: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers
Products, offers and promotion categories available for Larynx Cancer:
Larynx Cancer: Research Doctors & Specialists
- Cancer Specialists:
- Ear, Nose & Throat Specialists:
- Digestive Health Specialists (Gastroenterology):
- Lung Health Specialists (Pulmonologist):
- more specialists...»
Research all specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.
Latest treatments for Larynx Cancer:
The following are some of the latest treatments for Larynx Cancer:
Hospital statistics for Larynx Cancer:
These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Larynx Cancer:
- 0.034% (4,336) of hospital consultant episodes were for malignant neoplasm of larynx in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 90% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of larynx required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 81% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of larynx were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 19% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of larynx were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 20% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of larynx required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- more hospital information...»
Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Larynx Cancer
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for hospitals and medical facilities in specialties related to Larynx Cancer:
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Choosing the Best Treatment Hospital:
More general information, not necessarily in relation to Larynx Cancer,
on hospital and medical facility performance and surgical care quality:
Discussion of treatments for Larynx Cancer:
Cancer of the larynx is usually treated with radiation
(also called radiotherapy) or surgery
These are types of local
; this means they affect cancer cells only in
the treated area. Some patients may receive chemotherapy
which is called systemic
, meaning that drugs travel through the
bloodstream. They can reach cancer cells all over the body.
The doctor may use just one method or combine them, depending
on the patient's needs.
In some cases, the patient is referred to doctors who
specialize in different kinds of cancer treatment. Often
several specialists work together as a team. The medical team
may include a surgeon; ear, nose, and throat specialist;
cancer specialist (oncologist );
oncologist ; speech pathologist; nurse; and dietitian.
A dentist may also be an important member of the team,
especially for patients who will have radiation therapy.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to damage
cancer cells and stop them from growing. The rays are aimed at
the tumor and the area close to it. Whenever possible, doctors
suggest this type of treatment because it can destroy the
tumor and the patient does not lose his or her voice.
Radiation therapy may be combined with surgery; it can be used
to shrink a large tumor before surgery or to destroy cancer
cells that may remain in the area after surgery. Also,
radiation therapy may be used for tumors that cannot be
removed with surgery or for patients who cannot have surgery
for other reasons. If a tumor grows back after surgery, it is
generally treated with radiation.
Radiation therapy is usually given 5 days a week for 5 to 6
weeks. At the end of that time, the tumor site very often gets
an extra "boost" of radiation. The National Cancer Institute
Therapy and You is a useful source of information
about this form of treatment.
Surgery or surgery combined with radiation is
suggested for some newly diagnosed patients. Also, surgery is
the usual treatment if a tumor does not respond to radiation
therapy or grows back after radiation therapy. When patients
need surgery, the type of operation depends mainly on the size
and exact location of the tumor.
If a tumor on the vocal cord is very small, the surgeon may
use a laser ,
a powerful beam of light. The beam can remove the tumor in
much the same way that a scalpel does.
Surgery to remove part or all of the larynx is a partial or
total laryngectomy .
In either operation, the surgeon performs a tracheostomy ,
creating an opening called a stoma
in the front of the neck. (The stoma may be temporary or
permanent.) Air enters and leaves the trachea and lungs
through this opening. A tracheostomy
tube , also called a trach ("trake") tube, keeps the
new airway open.
A partial laryngectomy preserves the voice. The surgeon
removes only part of the voice box -- just one vocal cord,
part of a cord, or just the epiglottis -- and the stoma is
temporary. After a brief recovery period, the trach tube is
removed, and the stoma closes up. The patient can then breathe
and talk in the usual way. In some cases, however, the voice
may be hoarse or weak.
In a total laryngectomy, the whole voice box is removed,
and the stoma is permanent. The patient, called a laryngectomee ,
breathes through the stoma. A laryngectomee must learn to talk
in a new way.
If the doctor thinks that the cancer may have started to
spread, the lymph nodes in the neck and some of the tissue
around them are removed. These nodes are often the first place
to which laryngeal cancer spreads.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer
cells. The doctor may suggest one drug or a combination of
drugs. In some cases, anticancer drugs are given to shrink a
large tumor before the patient has radiation therapy or
surgery. Also, chemotherapy may be used for cancers that have
Anticancer drugs for cancer of the larynx are usually given
by injection into the bloodstream. Often the drugs are given
in cycles -- a treatment period followed by a rest period,
then another treatment and rest period, and so on. Some
patients have their chemotherapy in the outpatient part of the
hospital, at the doctor's office, or at home. However,
depending on the drugs, the treatment plan, and the patient's
general health, a hospital stay may be needed. The National
Cancer Institute publication Chemotherapy
and You has helpful information about this type of
treatment. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Cancer of the Larynx: NCI)
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