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Diseases » Leukemia » Signs

Signs of Leukemia

Symptoms of Leukemia

The list of medical symptoms mentioned in various sources for Leukemia may include:

Note that Leukemia symptoms usually refers to various medical symptoms known to a patient, but the phrase Leukemia signs may often refer to those signs that are only noticable by a doctor.

Signs or Symptoms of Leukemia:

Leukemia cells are abnormal cells that cannot do what normal blood cells do. They cannot help the body fight infections. For this reason, people with leukemia often get infections and have fevers.

Also, people with leukemia often have less than the normal amount of healthy red blood cells and platelets. As a result, there are not enough red blood cells to carry oxygen through the body. With this condition, called anemia , patients may look pale and feel weak and tired. When there are not enough platelets, patients bleed and bruise easily.

Like all blood cells, leukemia cells travel through the body. Depending on the number of abnormal cells and where these cells collect, patients with leukemia may have a number of symptoms.

In acute leukemia, symptoms appear and get worse quickly. People with this disease go to their doctor because they feel sick. In chronic leukemia, symptoms may not appear for a long time; when symptoms do appear, they generally are mild at first and get worse gradually. Doctors often find chronic leukemia during a routine checkup -- before there are any symptoms.

These are some of the common symptoms of leukemia:

  • Fever, chills, and other flu-like symptoms;

  • Weakness and fatigue;

  • Frequent infections;

  • Loss of appetite and/or weight;

  • Swollen or tender lymph nodes , liver , or spleen ;

  • Easy bleeding or bruising;

  • Tiny red spots (called petechiae ) under the skin;

  • Swollen or bleeding gums;

  • Sweating, especially at night; and/or

  • Bone or joint pain.

In acute leukemia, the abnormal cells may collect in the brain or spinal cord (also called the central nervous system or CNS). The result may be headaches, vomiting, confusion, loss of muscle control, and seizures . Leukemia cells also can collect in the testicles and cause swelling. Also, some patients develop sores in the eyes or on the skin. Leukemia also can affect the digestive tract , kidneys , lungs, or other parts of the body.

In chronic leukemia, the abnormal blood cells may gradually collect in various parts of the body. Chronic leukemia may affect the skin, central nervous system, digestive tract, kidneys, and testicles. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Leukemia: NCI)

More Symptoms of Leukemia:

More detailed symptom information may be found on the symptoms of Leukemia article. In addition to the above medical information, to get a full picture of the possible signs or symptoms of this condition and also possibly the signs and symptoms of its related medical conditions, it may be necessary to examine symptoms that may be caused by:

Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

These general reference articles may be related to medical signs and symptoms of disease in general:

What are the signs of Leukemia?

The phrase "signs of Leukemia" should, strictly speaking, refer only to those signs and symptoms of Leukemia that are not readily apparent to the patient. The word "symptoms of Leukemia" is the more general meaning; see symptoms of Leukemia.

The signs and symptom information on this page attempts to provide a list of some possible signs and symptoms of Leukemia. This medical information about signs and symptoms for Leukemia has been gathered from various sources, may not be fully accurate, and may not be the full list of Leukemia signs or Leukemia symptoms. Furthermore, signs and symptoms of Leukemia may vary on an individual basis for each patient. Only your doctor can provide adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they are indeed Leukemia symptoms.


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