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Diseases » Liver cancer » Glossary
 

Glossary for Liver cancer

  • Abdominal Cancer: Growth of abnormal cells (tumour) affecting the organs in the abdominal cavity; may be due to primary growth of a tumour or spread from another tumour (metastases, secondary tumour)
  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abdominal pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal swelling: Swelling or bloating of the abdomen
  • Aflatoxicosis: Poisoning from ingestion of aflatoxins.
  • Aflatoxin B1 exposure: Aflatoxin B1 is a toxin produced by fungus from the Aspergillus genus. The toxin is carcinogenic in humans and can also cause other health effect, particularly liver problems. The fungus are found frequently in nature and can readily contaminate crops before harvest or during storage. It is common in moist soils and decaying vegetation. There are more than 13 different subtypes of aflatoxin with B1 being the most toxic. The condition is most common in poorly developed countries where there are insufficient controls on the presence of aflatoxin in food.
  • Aflatoxin B2 exposure: Aflatoxin B2 is a toxin produced by fungus from the Aspergillus genus. The toxin is carcinogenic in humans and can also cause other health effect, particularly liver problems. The fungus are found frequently in nature and can readily contaminate crops before harvest or during storage. It is common in moist soils and decaying vegetation. There are more than 13 different subtypes of aflatoxin with B1 being the most toxic. The condition is most common in poorly developed countries where there are insufficient controls on the presence of aflatoxin in food.
  • Aflatoxin G1 exposure: Aflatoxin G1 is a toxin produced by fungus from the Aspergillus genus. The toxin is carcinogenic in humans and can also cause other health effect, particularly liver problems. The fungus are found frequently in nature and can readily contaminate crops before harvest or during storage. It is common in moist soils and decaying vegetation. There are more than 13 different subtypes of aflatoxin with B1 being the most toxic. The condition is most common in poorly developed countries where there are insufficient controls on the presence of aflatoxin in food.
  • Aflatoxin G2 exposure: Aflatoxin G2 is a toxin produced by fungus from the Aspergillus genus. The toxin is carcinogenic in humans and can also cause other health effect, particularly liver problems. The fungus are found frequently in nature and can readily contaminate crops before harvest or during storage. It is common in moist soils and decaying vegetation. There are more than 13 different subtypes of aflatoxin with B1 being the most toxic. The condition is most common in poorly developed countries where there are insufficient controls on the presence of aflatoxin in food.
  • Aflatoxin exposure: Aflatoxins are toxins produced by fungus from the Aspergillus genus. The toxin is carcinogenic in humans and can also cause other health effect, particularly liver problems. The fungus are found frequently in nature and can readily contaminate crops before harvest or during storage. It is common in moist soils and decaying vegetation. There are more than 13 different subtypes of aflatoxin with B1 being the most toxic. The condition is most common in poorly developed countries where there are insufficient controls on the presence of aflatoxin in food.
  • Alcohol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Alcohol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Alcoholic liver disease: Alcoholic liver disease is the major cause of liver disease in Western countries, (in Asian countries, viral hepatitis is the major cause). It arises from the excessive ingestion of alcohol.
  • Alcoholism: Alcoholism is the compulsive urge to drink alcohol despite knowing the negative impact on one's health.
  • Alveolar Hydatid Disease: Rare multi-organ tapeworm infection caught from animals.
  • Bantu siderosis: An iron overload disorder initially observed in South African people. The disorder involves abnormal iron deposits in the liver. It is believed that some African people are predisposed to an increased ability to absorb iron.
  • Biliary cirrhosis: Biliary cirrhosis is a condition where the bile ducts are unable to transport bile effectively due to blockage, inflammation, scarring or some other damage to the bile ducts. The condition may result from such things as congenital defect of the bile ducts (e.g. biliary atresia), cystic fibrosis, gallstones or a variety of other secondary conditions. The cause of primary biliary cirrhosis is not fully understood.
  • Bone cancer: Malignancy that occurs in the bone
  • Breast Cancer: Cancer of the breast.
  • Byler Disease: A rare inherited conditions where bile is unable to drain from the liver where it builds up and causes progressive liver damage. The conditions has an early onset and usually leads to end-stage liver disease by the end of the second decade.
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Chronic Hepatitis: Chronic hepatitis is defined as inflammatory disease of the liver lasting for more than six months.
  • Chronic Hepatitis B: Chronic form of HepB liver infection.
  • Chronic Hepatitis C: Chronic form of Hepatitis C viral liver infection.
  • Chronic liver disease: Any form of chronic liver disease
  • Cirrhosis of liver: Chronic liver disease wherein normal liver parenchyma is replaced by fibrous tissue.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Endometrial Cancer: Cancer of the endometrium (uterus lining).
  • Esophagus Cancer: Cancer of the esophagus in the throat.
  • Exercise: The use of the human muscles to improve ones health
  • Gastrointestinal tumors: Any tumor of the gastrointestinal (digestive) system, including cancers and benign tumors.
  • Glycogen debranching deficiency: A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme deficiency (amylo-1,6-glucosidase) results in a harmful buildup of glycogen byproducts in the liver, muscle and even the heart in some cases. The severity of symptoms is variable depending on the degree of enzyme deficiency and how strictly treatment measures are adhered to.
  • Hemangioma: A condition which is characterized by a benign tumour cause by newly formed blood vessels
  • Hematochromatosis: Hemochromatosis is the abnormal accumulation of iron in parenchymal organs, leading to organ toxicity. It is the most common inherited liver disease in whites and the most common autosomal recessive genetic disorder.
  • Hemochromatosis: Excess of iron leading to problems with joints, liver, heart and pancreas.
  • Hepatic cystic hamartoma: A cystic liver tumor.
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Hepatitis B: Viral liver infection spread by sex or body fluids.
  • Hepatitis C: Viral liver infection spread by blood.
  • Hepatoma: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Hepatorenal tyrosinemia: A rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of particular enzymes which prevents the breakdown of tyrosine which then builds up in the liver. Type 1 involves a deficiency of the enzyme fumaril acetoacetate hydrolase.
  • Idiopathic liver cirrhosis: Cirrhosis is defined histologically as a diffuse hepatic process characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules. The progression of liver injury to cirrhosis may occur over weeks to years.
  • Internal bleeding: The loss of blood internally from the circulation
  • Jaundice: Bile or liver problem causing yellowness.
  • Liver cancer: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Liver failure: Acute liver failure (ALF) is an uncommon condition in which the rapid deterioration of liver function results in coagulopathy and alteration in the mental status of a previously healthy individual.
  • Lung cancer: Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth may lead to metastasis, which is the invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration beyond the lungs. Most lung tumors are malignant.
  • Melanoma: Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease. It involves cells called melanocytes, which produce a skin pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for skin and hair color.
  • Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Metastatic liver cancer: Metastatic liver cancer is a cancer that has spread to the liver from elsewhere in the body.
  • Mosse syndrome: A condition involving the association of liver cirrhosis with polycythemia which is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder characterized by the excessive production of mainly red blood cells by the bone marrow.
  • Mycotoxin-induced liver damage -- Aflatoxin: Damage or injury to the liver caused by exposure to a mycotoxin called Aflatoxin which is a toxin produced by some Aspergillus fungus. Symptoms vary depending on the degree of exposure and hence extent of the liver damage or injury. Mild liver damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in liver failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the exposure. Factors such as age, race, gender, overall health and underlying liver problems may also influence a person's risk of developing liver problems and the severity of the symptoms. The toxin is also know to increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Mycotoxin-induced liver damage -- Cyclochlorotine: Damage or injury to the liver caused by exposure to a Mycotoxin called Cyclochlorotine which is a toxin produced by a particular fungus (Penicillium islandicum). Symptoms vary depending on the degree of exposure and hence extent of the liver damage or injury. Mild liver damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in liver failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the exposure. Factors such as age, race, gender, overall health and underlying liver problems may also influence a person's risk of developing liver problems and the severity of the symptoms. The toxin is also know to increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Mycotoxin-induced liver damage -- Luteoskyrins: Damage or injury to the liver caused by exposure to a Mycotoxin called Luteoskyrin which is a toxin produced by a particular fungus (Penicillium islandicum). Symptoms vary depending on the degree of exposure and hence extent of the liver damage or injury. Mild liver damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in liver failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the exposure. Factors such as age, race, gender, overall health and underlying liver problems may also influence a person's risk of developing liver problems and the severity of the symptoms. The toxin is also know to increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Mycotoxin-induced liver damage -- Ochratoxin: Damage or injury to the liver caused by exposure to a Mycotoxin called Ochratoxin. Ochratoxin is a toxin produced by a particular fungus (Aspergillus ochraceus and Penicillium verrucosum). It is a relatively common food contaminant and can be found in mouldy grain, pork, coffee and dried grapes. Symptoms vary depending on the degree of exposure and hence extent of the liver damage or injury. Mild liver damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in liver failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the exposure. Factors such as age, race, gender, overall health and underlying liver problems may also influence a person's risk of developing liver problems and the severity of the symptoms. The toxin is also know to increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Mycotoxin-induced liver damage -- Rubratoxin: Damage or injury to the liver caused by exposure to a Mycotoxin called Rubratoxin. Rubratoxin is a toxin produced by a particular fungus (Penicillium rubrum and purpurogenum) which is most commonly found on cereal grains. Symptoms vary depending on the degree of exposure and hence extent of the liver damage or injury. Mild liver damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in liver failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the exposure. Factors such as age, race, gender, overall health and underlying liver problems may also influence a person's risk of developing liver problems and the severity of the symptoms. The toxin is also know to increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Mycotoxin-induced liver damage -- Sterigmatocystin: Damage or injury to the liver caused by exposure to a Mycotoxin called Sterigmatocystin. It is a toxin produced by a particular fungus (Aspergillus). Sterigmatocystin may also increase the risk of developing liver cancer. Most likely sources of exposure are foods such as wheat, maize, hard cheese and green coffee beans contaminated with mould. Symptoms vary depending on the degree of exposure and hence extent of the liver damage or injury. Mild liver damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in liver failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the exposure. Factors such as age, race, gender, overall health and underlying liver problems may also influence a person's risk of developing liver problems and the severity of the symptoms. The toxin is also know to increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Neoplastic porphyria tarda: A rare condition where a liver tumor causes a deficiency of the enzyme hepatic uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. The deficiency causes a build up of porphyrins in the liver and the skin which causes damage to the skin and various other symptoms.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Occupational Cancer -- Liver cancer: Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride can increase the risk of developing liver cancer.
  • Pancreatic cancer: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic and progressive cholestatic disease of the liver.
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease of unknown etiology that is recognized increasingly in children.
  • Probable human carcinogen -- Anabolic steroids: Anabolic steroids are a substance deemed to be a probable carcinogen to humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Probable human carcinogen -- Androgenic steroids: Androgenic steroids are a substance deemed to be a probable carcinogen to humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Secondary Biliary Cirrhosis: Secondary biliary cirrhosis is a condition where the bile ducts are unable to transport bile effectively due to a secondary cause which results in blockage, inflammation, scarring or some other damage to the bile ducts. The condition may result from such things as congenital defect of the bile ducts (e.g. biliary atresia), cystic fibrosis, gallstones or a variety of other secondary conditions.
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Steroid abuse: Steroids are man-made chemicals that can be used to promote muscle development and increase male sexual characteristics. Steroids are a prescription drug usually used to treat disorders such as delayed puberty and body wasting in AIDS patients. Excessive or improper use of steroids usually occurs in athletes and can result in a range of unwanted symptoms.
  • Stomach cancer: Stomach or gastric cancer can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Type III Glycogen Storage Disease: A condition which is characterized by a disease affecting glycogen storage
  • Uterine Cancer: Cancer of the uterus.

 

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