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What is Machado-Joseph Disease?

What is Machado-Joseph Disease?

  • Machado-Joseph Disease: Rare genetic muscle disease causing muscle weakness.

Machado-Joseph Disease is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Machado-Joseph Disease, or a subtype of Machado-Joseph Disease, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Machado-Joseph Disease: Introduction

Types of Machado-Joseph Disease:

Broader types of Machado-Joseph Disease:

How many people get Machado-Joseph Disease?

Prevalance of Machado-Joseph Disease: rare

Who gets Machado-Joseph Disease?

Patient Profile for Machado-Joseph Disease: Anywhere from teens to 70's.

Profile for Machado-Joseph Disease: Symptoms can begin any time between early adolescence and about 70 years of age. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Machado-Joseph Disease Information Page: NINDS)

How serious is Machado-Joseph Disease?

Prognosis of Machado-Joseph Disease: Variable. Depends on severity. Life-shortening for some.
Complications of Machado-Joseph Disease: see complications of Machado-Joseph Disease
Prognosis of Machado-Joseph Disease: The severity of the disease is related to the age of onset, with earlier onset associated with a more severe form of the disease. Symptoms can begin any time between early adolescence and about 70 years of age. MJD is also a progressive disease, meaning that symptoms get worse with time. Life expectancy ranges from the mid-thirties for those with severe forms of MJD to a normal life expectancy for those with mild forms. For those who die early from the disease, the cause of death is often aspiration pneumonia. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Machado-Joseph Disease Information Page: NINDS)

What causes Machado-Joseph Disease?

Causes of Machado-Joseph Disease: see causes of Machado-Joseph Disease
Causes of Machado-Joseph Disease: In Machado-Joseph disease and other spinocerebellar ataxias, degeneration of cells in an area of the brain called the hindbrain leads to deficits in movement. The hindbrain includes the cerebellum, the brainstem, and the upper part of the spinal cord. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Machado-Joseph Disease Information Page: NINDS)

What are the symptoms of Machado-Joseph Disease?

Symptoms of Machado-Joseph Disease: see symptoms of Machado-Joseph Disease

Complications of Machado-Joseph Disease: see complications of Machado-Joseph Disease

Can anyone else get Machado-Joseph Disease?

More information: see contagiousness of Machado-Joseph Disease
Inheritance: see inheritance of Machado-Joseph Disease

Inheritance of genetic conditions: see details in inheritance of genetic diseases.

Machado-Joseph Disease: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Machado-Joseph Disease.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Machado-Joseph Disease.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Machado-Joseph Disease: Medical Geneticist, Neurologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Machado-Joseph Disease.
Treatments for Machado-Joseph Disease: see treatments for Machado-Joseph Disease
Research for Machado-Joseph Disease: see research for Machado-Joseph Disease

Name and Aliases of Machado-Joseph Disease

Main name of condition: Machado-Joseph Disease

Class of Condition for Machado-Joseph Disease: genetic autosomal dominant

Other names or spellings for Machado-Joseph Disease:

SCA2, MJD

SDSEM, Spinocerebellar ataxia with slow eye movements, Spinocerebellar ataxia, Cuban type, Spinocerebellar atrophy II, Spinocerebellar degeneration with slow eye movements, Wadia Swami syndrome, Spinocerebellar ataxia 2, Olivopontocerebellar atrophy 2, Olivopontocerebellar atrophy, Holguin type, Nigrospinodentatal degeneration, SCA3, Spinocerebellar atrophy type 3, Spinopontine atrophy, Spinocerebellar ataxia 3, Azorean neurologic disease, Nigrospinodentatal degeneration, SCA3, Spinocerebellar atrophy type 3, Spinopontine atrophy, Spinocerebellar ataxia 3, Azorean neurologic disease, MJD
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Machado-Joseph Disease: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Machado-Joseph Disease:

 

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