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Diseases » Malaria » Prevalence
 

Prevalence and Incidence of Malaria

Malaria: Rare Disease

Malaria is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Malaria, or a subtype of Malaria, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.

Ophanet, who are a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when if affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Malaria as a "rare disease". More information about Malaria is available from Orphanet

Incidence (annual) of Malaria:

1,800 cases annually (1997); 1,666 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999) ... see also overview of Malaria.

Incidence Rate:

approx 1 in 151,111 or 0.00% or 1,800 people in USA [Source statistic for calcuation: "1,800 cases annually (1997); 1,666 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)" -- see also general information about data sources]

Incidence extrapolations for USA for Malaria:

1,799 per year, 149 per month, 34 per week, 4 per day, 0 per hour, 0 per minute, 0 per second. [Source statistic for calculation: "1,800 cases annually (1997); 1,666 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)" -- see also general information about data sources]

Prevalance of Malaria:

In the United States, approximately 1,000 cases are reported annually, which researchers estimate represent only 25 to 50 percent of actual cases. (Source: excerpt from Microbes in Sickness and in Health -- Publications, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: NIAID)

Worldwide prevalence of Malaria:

Each year, 300 to 500 million people develop malaria and 1.5 to 3 million–mostly children–die, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). (Source: excerpt from Malaria, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Prevelance of Malaria discussion:

Facts About Transfusion-Transmitted Malaria: CDC-OC (Excerpt)

Although the disease was eradicated in the United States in the 1940s, about 1,000-1,400 cases of malaria are reported to CDC each year; almost all acquired during international travel. Over 75% of these cases are associated with failure to use recommended chemoprophylaxis. (Source: excerpt from Facts About Transfusion-Transmitted Malaria: CDC-OC)

Facts About Transfusion-Transmitted Malaria: CDC-OC (Excerpt)

Each year in the United States, several cases (< 10) of malaria are acquired stateside, by congenital transmission, local mosquito-borne transmission, or by blood transfusion or organ transplantation. On average, 2-3 cases of transmission occur by blood transfusion annually. (Source: excerpt from Facts About Transfusion-Transmitted Malaria: CDC-OC)

Worldwide incidence of Malaria:

300 to 500 million people develop malaria

Incidence statistics for Malaria:

The following statistics relate to the incidence of Malaria:

  • 1.39 per 100,000 in Canada 20001
  • 2.4 new cases per 100,000 population for malaria notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 466 new cases of malaria was notified in Australia 2002 (Yohannes K, Roche P, Blumer C et al. 2004, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Malaria incidence statistics for various countries:
    • 125 registered cases in Argentina 2002 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
    • 928 registered cases in Belize 2002 (Regional Core Health Data Initiative, Pan American Health Organisation, 2003)
  • more statistics...»

Death statistics for Malaria:

The following statistics relate to deaths and Malaria:

  • Malaria death statistics by worldwide region:
    • About 1,136,000 deaths from malaria in Africa 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
    • About 1,000 deaths from malaria in The Americas 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
    • About 65,000 deaths from malaria in South East Asia 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
    • About 2,000 deaths from malaria in Europe 2002 (The World Health Report, WHO, 2004)
  • more statistics...»

More Statistics about Malaria:

  • Deaths and related statistics
  • Hospitalization statistics
  • All statistics for Malaria

    About prevalence and incidence statistics:

    The term 'prevalence' of Malaria usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Malaria at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Malaria refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Malaria diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.

    Footnotes:
    1. Notifiable Diseases Online, PPHB, Canada, 2000

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