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Treatments for Malaria

Treatments for Malaria:

The first step in treating malaria is prevention. Prevention measures include controlling mosquito populations in warm sub-tropical and tropical areas of the world. This includes draining areas and objects that can hold standing water and become a breeding ground for mosquitoes, such as old tires, puddles, and bird baths. Wearing insect repellent that contains DEET, picaridin, or oil of lemon eucalyptus and wearing protective clothing that covers the whole body are also important preventive measures.

Prevention also includes taking antimalarial drugs as a precaution when travelling to high-risk areas of the world.

Antimalarial drugs, such as chloroquine, are also used in the treatment of malaria. Other drugs used to treat malaria include atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone), artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem), mefloquine (Lariam), quinine and quinidine. A combination of malarial drugs is often needed to completely cure malaria. Severe malaria and falciparum malaria generally require hospitalization and intravenous administration of antimalarial drugs.

Treatment List for Malaria

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Malaria includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Hospitalization
  • Chloroquine - cheapest and most commonly used drug but many new strains are resistant.
  • Mefloquine
  • Quinine
  • Sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine combination
  • Quinine sulfate
  • Primaquine
  • Symptomatic relief
  • Sponging
  • Aspirin
  • Treatment of malaria varies depending upon the species responsible for the infection, the area in which the disease was contracted, likely resistance patterns and local prescribing practices. Treatments include:
    • Prevention
    • Mosquito avoidance - dusk to dawn, protective clothing, mosquito nets, mosquito coils, repellent containing at least 20% DEET ( caution in children as toxic encephalopathy has occurred)
    • Chemoprophylaxis - for high risk travellers to endemic areas, long term travellers for 1-3 months and then seek local advice. Frequent travellers to endemic areas may choose to carry emergency treatment. Choice of drug is dependant upon the area of travel, drug resistance, adverse effects and patients health status. Seek local advice
    • Treatment of disease:
    • High index of suspicion in those returning from travel in the last twelve months
    • Prompt identification of infecting species
    • Consider hospitalisation of patients with P. falciparum infection, those who are significantly unwell, and those with significant coomorbidities
    • Medication dependant the type of malaria, local resistance patterns and local guidelines. General recommendations include:
    • P falciparum - quinine plus doxycycline, clindamycin or pyrimithimine-sulfadoxine. Alternative therapy atovaquone-proguanil or mefloquine
    • P.vivax and P.ovale - chloroquine plus primoquine
    • P. maleriae - cloroquine
    • Supportive treatment with antipyretics and fluids as indicated

Alternative Treatments for Malaria

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Malaria may include:

  • Oral rehydration
  • Malaria officinalis homeopathic prevention
  • Cinchona homeopathic prevention, treatment and relapse
  • Arsenicum album homeopathic prevention and treatment
  • more treatments »

Malaria: Is the Diagnosis Correct?

The first step in getting correct treatment is to get a correct diagnosis. Differential diagnosis list for Malaria may include:

Malaria: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers

Products, offers and promotion categories available for Malaria:

Malaria: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research all specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.

Drugs and Medications used to treat Malaria:

Note:You must always seek professional medical advice about any prescription drug, OTC drug, medication, treatment or change in treatment plans.

Some of the different medications used in the treatment of Malaria include:

  • Chloroquine
  • Aralen
  • Kronofed-A-JR
  • Novo-Chloroquine
  • Hydroxychloroquine
  • Plaquenil
  • Quinidine
  • Sulfonamide antibiotic
  • Sulfisoxazole
  • Azo Gantrisin
  • Azo-Sulfisoxazole
  • Eryzole
  • Gantrisin
  • Gulfasin
  • Lipo Gantrisin
  • Novosoxazole
  • Pediazole
  • SK-Soxazole
  • Sulfalar
  • Vagila
  • Atovaquone and Proguanil
  • Malarone
  • Mefloquine
  • Lariam
  • Apo-Mefloquine
  • Primaquine
  • Pyrimethamine
  • Daraprim
  • Quinine
  • Quinine-Odan
  • Sulfadiazine
  • Sulfadoxine and Pyrimethamine - mainly used for Plasmodium falciparum malaria
  • Fansidar - mainly used for Plasmodium falciparum malaria
  • Riamet
  • Artemether and Lumefantrine
  • Primacin

Unlabeled Drugs and Medications to treat Malaria:

Unlabelled alternative drug treatments for Malaria include:

  • Allopurinol - in combination with Quinine
  • Alloprin - in combination with Quinine
  • Apo-Allopurinol - in combination with Quinine
  • Lopurin - in combination with Quinine
  • Novo-Purol - in combination with Quinine
  • Purinol - in combination with Quinine
  • Riva-Purinol - in combination with Quinine
  • Zurinol - in combination with Quinine
  • Zyloprim - in combination with Quinine
  • Clindamycin
  • Cleocin
  • Cleocin Pediatric
  • Cleocin T
  • Cleocin Vaginal Cream
  • Dalacin C
  • Dalacin T

Latest treatments for Malaria:

The following are some of the latest treatments for Malaria:

Hospital statistics for Malaria:

These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Malaria:

  • 0.011% (1,432) of hospital consultant episodes were for plasmodium falciparum malaria in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 86% of hospital consultant episodes for plasmodium falciparum malaria required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 61% of hospital consultant episodes for plasmodium falciparum malaria were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 39% of hospital consultant episodes for plasmodiumfFalciparum malaria were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more hospital information...»

Medical news summaries about treatments for Malaria:

The following medical news items are relevant to treatment of Malaria:

Discussion of treatments for Malaria:

Antimicrobial Resistance, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID (Excerpt)

Resistance to chloroquine, once widely used and highly effective for preventing and treating malaria, has emerged in most parts of the world. Resistance to other antimalaria drugs also is widespread and growing. (Source: excerpt from Antimicrobial Resistance, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Malaria, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID (Excerpt)

Among the countries where the P. falciparum parasite causes malaria, only those of Central America have not recorded resistance to the drug chloroquine. The rapid evolution of such resistance in Africa increasingly complicates malaria treatment. Resistance to the drug combination sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine has developed in Southeast Asia, South America and Africa. In some areas of Thailand, more than 50 percent of cases no longer respond to mefloquine therapy. Sensitivity to quinine is diminishing in parts of Thailand and Vietnam. (Source: excerpt from Malaria, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Malaria, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID (Excerpt)

Chloroquine is the cheapest (9 cents per dose) and most-used antimalarial drug, but resistance has made the drug virtually useless in East Africa and threatens its use in West African countries. WHO reports that only Central American countries have not reported chloroquine resistance. (Source: excerpt from Malaria, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

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