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Diseases » Malignancy » Glossary
 

Glossary for Malignancy

  • Acrospiroma: A tumor that develops in the ends of sweat glands in the skin. They are usually benign.
  • Angiomyomatous Hamartoma: A type of tumor that originates from blood vessel tissue. It is a rare type of tumor that tends to occur most often in lymph nodes in the inguinal (lower abdominal and groin) area.
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Ascites: Fluid accumulation in abdominal cavity
  • Atypical mole syndrome: A condition characterized by the development of numerous moles on the skin which may become cancerous and hence need careful monitoring.
  • Bessel-Hagen disease: A dominantly inherited disorder characterized by growth of multiple tumors made up of cartilage on the bones.
  • Bloom Syndrome: A rare genetic inherited genetic disorder which mainly affects Ashkenazic Jewish people and is characterized by short stature, malar hypoplasia, and a telangiectatic erythema of the face.
  • Bone Pain: Pain affecting the bones
  • Bowen's disease: Intraepiderman form of squamous cell skin cancer cause by sun damage to skin.
  • Bowenoid Papulosis: Benign reddish-brown papules occurring primary in the genetalia believed to be viral in origin.
  • Brain Stem Neoplasms: A brain stem tumor. The tumor may be malignant or benign and the severity of the condition is determined by the size of the tumor and exact location.
  • Cartilaginous neoplasms: Tumors made up of cartilage tissue. The tumors may be benign or malignant and the symptoms will depend on the location and size of the tumors. The tumors can form on parts of the body such as the arm and leg bones or even in the pharynx. The tumors may cause no symptoms in some cases and are only discovered incidentally.
  • Cerebral ventricle neoplasm: A tumor that occurs in the fluid-filled spaces of the brain called the ventricles. Symptoms vary depending on the size and exact location of the tumor and whether it is cancerous or not.
  • Choroid Plexus neoplasms: A rare type of brain tumor that originates in the choroids plexus. The choroids plexus is located inside a space in the brain called the ventricles and produces cerebrospinal fluid. Symptoms are determined by the size, type and exact location of the tumor.
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease: Long-term and generally irreversible disease of the kidneys due to infection, obstruction, congenital diseases or generalised diseases causing failure of the kidneys' normal functions.
  • Chronic infections: Ongoing and often slow progressing infection; opposite to acute infections.
  • Chronic liver disease: Any form of chronic liver disease
  • Chronic pelvic pain: chronic pain in the pelvic area
  • Cystosarcoma phyllodes: A rare type of breast cancer that may be benign or malignant. The tumor is usually benign and tends to grow quickly and to a large size. Metastasis often involves the lungs with the skeleton, heart and liver also being common sites.
  • Dental tissue neoplasm: A tumor that develops from tissues inside the mouth that form the teeth. There are a number of types of tumors that can develop from tooth forming tissues: ameloblastoma, Pindorg tumor, cementoblastoma and many others. The tumor may be benign or malignant but can cause dental problems even if it is benign.
  • Depression: Persistent depressed mood with various depressive symptoms.
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Dyskeratosis Congenita: A rare genetic disorder characterized by sking pigmentation abnormalities, nail dystrophy and mucous membrane changes.
  • Dyskeratosis congenita of Zinsser-Cole-Engman: An inherited condition characterized by recurring painful mouth ulcers, skin pigmentation and nail abnormalities.
  • Exostoses, multiple, type 1: Multiple extoses is a rare condition involving abnormal bone growths that occurs on bones. Type I differs from type II and III in the location of the genetic defect that causes the disorder. Type I tends to involve more bone growths and shorter arm and leg bones.
  • Exostoses, multiple, type 2: Multiple extoses is a rare condition involving abnormal bone growths that occurs on bones. Type II differs from type I and III in the location of the genetic defect that causes the disorder. Type I tends to be less severe than type I.
  • Exostoses, multiple, type 3: Multiple extoses is a rare condition involving abnormal bone growths that occurs on bones. Type II differs from type I and III in the location of the genetic defect that causes the disorder. Type I tends to be less severe than type I.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Fistulous vegetative verrucous hydradenoma: A rare benign tumor-like skin growth that arises from sweat glands. The disorder may present as a hairless patch on the scalp or a skin nodule on the trunk. The disorder may be present at birth or may occur during infancy, puberty or adulthood.
  • Hutchinson's Melanotic Freckle: A slow-growing form of malignant melanoma which is the abnormal proliferation of pigment cells called melanocytes. It tends to occur on sun-exposed skin of the face, scalp or neck. The melanoma can remain non-invasive for many years.
  • Hyperhidrosis: The excessive perspiration from ones skin
  • Involuntary weight loss:
  • Juvenile polyposis of infancy: A genetic inherited risk of developing gastrointestinal tumors. The condition is characterized by gastrointestinal polyps which have a high risk of eventually becoming malignant. The polyps can cause gastrointestinal symptoms even if they aren't malignant.
  • Juvenile polyposis syndrome, infantile form: A genetic inherited risk of developing gastrointestinal tumors. The condition is characterized by gastrointestinal polyps which have a high risk of eventually becoming malignant. The polyps can cause gastrointestinal symptoms even if they aren't malignant.
  • Lymph node neoplasm: Lymph node tumor.
  • Malabsorption: Failure to digest nutrients properly
  • Multiple Hereditary Exostoses: An hereditary condition which is characterized by benign bony growths projecting from a bone surface
  • Nerve sheath neoplasm: Tumors that develop from the protective sheath surrounding nerves. There are two types of nerve sheath tumors: schwannomas and neurofibromas. They most often occur around the spinal cord. Symptoms are determined by the size and exact location of the tumor.
  • Pain, Bone:
  • Pancreatic adenoma: A pancreatic tumor which may be benign or malignant. Symptoms may vary depending on the location and size of the tumor as well as whether the tumor secretes hormones or not. For example, the tumor may block the biliary duct.
  • Pathologic fracture:
  • Pathological fracture: The occurrence of a fracture a bone of the body caused by a disease state
  • Pericardial effusion: Occurs when there is an abnormal collection of fluid within the pericardial sac
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica: A condition characterized by muscle pain and stiffness, fatigue and fever. It is often associated with giant-cell arteritis which is a related but more serious condition.
  • Proliferating trichilemmal cyst: A rare form of ulcerating, benign tumor that generally occurs on the back of the head in older women and arises from a hair follicle. Rarely, the growth can occur on other parts of the body.
  • Prostatic Stromal Proliferations of Uncertain Malignant Potential: A rare type of prostate tumor that may or may not be malignant.
  • Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma: A rare but aggressive tumor that occurs in the nasal or sinus cavities.
  • Syringocystadenoma papilliferum: A benign tumor that usually occurs on the face, neck or scalp. Malignancy and metastasis occurs very rarely. The tumor appears as a plaque, single bump or a row of bumps.
  • Thyroid cancer: Cancer of the thyroid gland.
  • Vocal cord hyperkeratosis: Thickened lesion which develops on vocal fold. Causes include smoking, pollution and alcohol.
  • Vocal hyperkeratosis: Thickened lesion which develops on the inner border of the glottal margins. Causes include smoking, pollution and alcohol.
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome: An inherited immune system disorder that affects only males and is characterized by recurring infections, eczema and reduced level of blood platelets (thrombocytopenia).

 

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