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What is Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy?

What is Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy?

  • Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: A rare inherited type of progressive myoclonus epilepsy which tends to cause symptoms during childhood. The involuntary muscle movements tend to occur more frequently and become more severe with increasing age. Symptoms may occur following various stimuli such as light, stress or exercise.
  • Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: An autosomal recessive condition characterized by recurrent myoclonic and generalized seizures, ATAXIA, slowly progressive intellectual deterioration, dysarthria, and intention tremor. Myoclonic seizures are severe and continuous, and tend to be triggered by movement, stress, and sensory stimuli. The age of onset is between 8 and 13 years, and the condition is relatively frequent in the Baltic region, especially Finland. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp109-110)
    Source - Diseases Database

Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: Introduction

Types of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy:

Broader types of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy:

Who gets Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy?

Racial predominance for Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: Finnish populations

How serious is Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy?

Prognosis of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: The prognosis is quite variable. Some patients have their symptoms stabilize or even improve after a period of progression whereas others continue to have severe symptoms and die prematurely. Patients who respond favorably to treatment may have a normal life expectancy.
Complications of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: see complications of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy

What causes Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy?

Causes of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: see causes of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy

What are the symptoms of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy?

Symptoms of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: see symptoms of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy

Complications of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: see complications of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy

Onset of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: Usually 6-15 years of age

Can anyone else get Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy?

Inheritance: see inheritance of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy

Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy: see treatments for Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy

Name and Aliases of Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy

Main name of condition: Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy

Other names or spellings for Mediterranean myoclonic epilepsy:

Unverricht-Lundborg syndrome, Baltic myoclonus epilepsy Source - Diseases Database

 

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