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Glossary for Mediterranean Spotted Fever

  • Acute kidney failure: Sudden failure of the kidneys
  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome: Severe respiratory failure
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Bonnemann-Meinecke-Reich syndrome: A rare disorder characterized mainly by growth problems, vision problems and brain disease.
  • Boutonneuse fever: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Chills: Excessive feeling of coldness.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Kenya tick typhus: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Maculopapular rash: A rash that occurs on the skin that appears reddish with macula and papules
  • Marseilles fever: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Muscle pain: Pain that is located anatomically in the region of muscles
  • Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium (muscle walls of the heart)
  • Nephritis: Any type of kidney inflammation
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
  • Phlebitis: Inflammation of a vein.
  • Photophobia: An exaggerated or irrational fear of light.
  • Pleurisy: Inflammation of the pleural membrane
  • Pneumonitis: Inflammation of the lungs
  • Rash: General name for any type of skin inflammation.
  • Spotted fevers: An acute condition caused by the bacteria Rickettsia rickettsii
  • Vasculitis: Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel
  • Venous Thrombosis: Formation of a blood clot in a vein. The clot can form in superficial veins and cause few if any symptoms or it can form in the deeper, larger leg veins which can be life-threatening in serious cases. A part of the clot can break off and travel (embolism) to the heart or lungs where it can cause serious problems.

 

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