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Diseases » MELAS » Glossary
 

Glossary for MELAS

  • Acid-Base Imbalance: A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Bonnemann-Meinecke-Reich syndrome: A rare disorder characterized mainly by growth problems, vision problems and brain disease.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Heart damage from thickened heart walls.
  • Lactic Acidosis: Acidic blood (acidosis) due to buildup of lactate
  • Lactic acidosis: Acidic blood (acidosis) due to buildup of lactate
  • MELAS: A mitochondrial disorder characterized by stroke-like episodes, headaches, vomiting and other neurological symptoms.
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Mitochondrial diseases: Any of a group of mitochondrial disorders affecting cell metabolism and especially muscles.
  • Muscle conditions: Any condition that affects the muscles of the body
  • Muscle weakness: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the muscles to function at their full strenght
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Myopathy: General name for any disease of the muscles.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Ophthalmoplegia: A disorder that is characterised by the paralysis of the eye muscles
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa: Retinitis pigmentosa is an inherited eye disorder characterized by progressive loss of peripheral vision and night vision difficulties that can cause central vision loss.
  • Sensorineural hearing loss: Hearing loss due to abnormal functioning or damage to the hearing nerve or the cochlea (inner ear) or the part of the brain that processes sound. The hearing problem may be present at birth or may be acquired through such things as aging, excessive noise or diseases such as meningitis.
  • Stroke symptoms: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
  • Thrombocytopenia: Decreased platelets in the blood

 

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