Is Melioidosis Contagious?
Transmission of Melioidosis from Person to Person
Melioidosis is considered infectious but is not transmitted from person to person.
Generally, a disease like this is caused by an infectious agent and not spread between people.
Melioidosis, although infectious, is not a genetic disease. It is not caused by a defective or abnormal gene.
Transmission of Melioidosis
Transmission of Melioidosis to a person can be by way of:
- contaminated soil.
- water borne pathogens.
- protozoan infections.
Melioidosis can spread from person to person by contact with
the blood and body fluids of an infected person. Two documented
cases of male-to-female sexual transmission involved males with
chronic prostatic infection due to melioidosis. (Source: excerpt from Melioidosis: DBMD)
Discussion about Contagion of Melioidosis:
Besides humans, many animal species are susceptible to melioidosis.
These include sheep, goats, horses, swine, cattle, dogs, and cats.
Transmission occurs by direct contact with contaminated soil and
surface waters. In Southeast Asia, the organism has been repeatedly
isolated from agriculture fields, with infection occurring primarily
during the rainy season. Humans and animals are believed to acquire
the infection by inhalation of dust, ingestion of contaminated
water, and contact with contaminated soil especially through skin
abrasions, and for military troops, by contamination of war wounds.
Person-to-person transmission can occur. There is one report of
transmission to a sister with diabetes who was the caretaker for
her brother who had chronic melioidosis. Two cases of sexual transmission
have been reported. Transmission in both cases was preceded by
a clinical history of chronic prostatitis in the source patient. (Source: excerpt from Melioidosis: DBMD)
About contagion and contagiousness:
Contagion and contagiousness refers to how easily
the spread of Melioidosis is possible from one person to another.
Other words for contagion include "infection", "infectiousness",
"transmission" or "transmissability".
Contagiousness has nothing to do with genetics
or inheriting diseases from parents.
For an overview of contagion,
see Introduction to Contagion.
» Next page: Treatments for Melioidosis
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