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Diseases » Men only conditions » Glossary
 

Glossary for Men only conditions

  • 46,XX testicular DSD: A sex chromosome disorder in males which affects gonadal development and causes infertility. Males have XX chromosomes instead of the normal XY.
  • 46,XX testicular disorder of sex development: A sex chromosome disorder in males which affects gonadal development and causes infertility. Males have XX chromosomes instead of the normal XY.
  • 47 XYY syndrome: A genetic condition where males have an extra Y chromosome in each of their cells. Normally male cells have one X and one Y chromosome. This is not usually an inherited condition but a defect that occurs during cell division. Often the condition is asymptomatic.
  • Acute bacterial prostatitis: Bacterial prostatitis is a bacterial inflammation of the prostate gland, in men.
  • Acute prostatitis: An acute condition which affects the prostate which is the result of infammation
  • Anophthalmia -- esophageal atresia -- cryptorchidism: An extremely rare congenital malformation characterized by absent eyes, undescended testes and an esophageal malformation.
  • Anorchia: A congenital abnormality where one or both testes are missing at birth.
  • Anorchidia: A rare birth defect where the testes are absent. The testes may regress at any stage of fetal development. The stage of fetal growth at which the testes regress will affect the presentation of the disorder at birth. The presentation at birth may range from varying degrees of genital ambiguity with streak gonads.
  • Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis: Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis is a symptomless microscopic condition of the prostate gland. It should be distinguished from other forms of prostatitis such as chronic bacterial prostatitis, acute bacterial prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS).
  • Autoimmune orchitis: A inflammation of the testicles caused by an autoimmune reaction
  • Azoospermia: Total lack of sperm in ejaculate
  • BXO: Skin condition of the penis which can effect the glans, prepuce or urethra.
  • Bacterial prostatitis: Bacterial prostatitis is a bacterial inflammation of the prostate gland, in men.
  • Balanitis: Inflammation of the penis head (glans)
  • Balanitis xerotica obliterans: Dermatological condition affecting male genetalia. Characterised by atrophic white patches and white indurarted tissue at the tip preventing retraction.
  • Benign Prostate Hyperplasia: Non-cancerous prostrate enlargement common with aging
  • Bronchiectasis -- oligospermia: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of bronchiectasis (enlarged bronchial airways) and a defect in the sperm ducts which affects the number of sperm produced. Patients suffer frequent bacterial infections.
  • Chromosome Y deletion: An inherited chromosomal disorder where the deletion of the chromosome results in male infertility.
  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis: Chronic bacterial prostatitis is a condition in which infection of the prostate and the related symptoms develop more slowly.. The infection is normally just in the prostate, and there is no other infection such as a bladder infection. Symptoms are not as dramatic as with an acute infection. The symptoms may 'drag on', or come and go.
  • Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis: Ongoing prostratitis that is not due to bacterial infection.
  • Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis-chronic pelvic pain syndrome: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome/ chronic non bacterial prostatitis is used to designate unexplained pelvic pain in men; this pain is associated with irritative voiding symptoms and/or pain located in the groin, genitalia, or perineum in the absence of pyuria and bacteriuria (no pus cells or bacteria seen on microscopic analysis of the urine). However, excess WBCs or bacteria seen on Gram stain and culture of expressed prostatic secretions (EPS) may be found.
  • Complete androgen insensitivity:
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia -- simple virilizing form in males: A group of disorder that occur when a deficiency of 21-hydroxylase impairs the normal process of making adrenal corticosteroids. The simple virilizing form involves a moderate deficiency of 21-hydroxylase and differs in its effects on males and females.
  • Congenital alopecia X-linked: A rare inherited form of reduced or absent of scalp hair from infancy. As it is X-linked it tends to affect males only.
  • Congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens:
  • Congenital bilateral aplasia of vas deferens: A birth defect where the tubes that carry sperm from the testes to the penis don't develop.
  • Cryptorchidism: Misplaced testes hidden in the abdomen at birth
  • Cryptorchidism -- arachnodactyly -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by undescended testes, long thin fingers and mental retardation.
  • De la Chapelle syndrome: A sex chromosome disorder in males which affects gonadal development and causes infertility. Males have XX chromosomes instead of the normal XY.
  • Deafness -- hypospadias -- metacarpal and metatarsal synostosis: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, penis abnormalities and bone anomalies in the foot and hands.
  • Decreased penile sensation: Decreased penile sensation is a lowered level of feeling in the penis.
  • Del Castillo's syndrome: Infertility due to absence of germinal cells which are needed to make sperm.
  • Diphallia: An extremely rare birth malformation where males are born with two penises. The degree of duplication is variable as is the way urine is excreted. The malformation is usually associated with abnormalities such as duplication of other organs.
  • Emphysematous prostatic abscess: Emphysematous prostatic abscess is an unusual occurrence in the era of modern antibiotics.
  • Enlarged prostate: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland that may restrict the flow of urine from the bladder.
  • Epididymitis: Infection of the epididymis (testicle tube)
  • Epididymo-orchitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the epididimis and testes of a male
  • Erectile disorder:
  • Erection problems:
  • Feminisation: Female-like physical changes in males
  • Foreskin conditions: Conditions that affect the male foreskin
  • Gonadotropin-independent precocious puberty: A rare disorder affecting males where premature puberty is not caused by a premature release of gonadotropin hormones.
  • Granulomatous prostatitis: Granulomatous prostatitis is an unusual benign inflammatory process of the prostate. Clinically, it mimics prostatic carcinoma, thus requiring pathological examination for diagnosis.
  • Gynecomastia: Enlarged male breasts
  • Heller-Nelson syndrome: A variant of Klinefelter syndrome (extra X chromosome in most cells) involving a range of abnormalities.
  • Hemorrhagic prostatic cyst: Cysts in the region of the prostate are common and may present as either intraprostatic or periprostatic. However, a hemorrhagic cyst in this area is unusual.
  • Hemospermia: The presence of blood in the semen.
  • Histoplasma prostatic abscess: Prostatic abscess, which is an uncommon but well-described complication of acute bacterial prostatitis (ABP), is a potential indication for surgery.
  • Hydrocele: Swollen testes due to fluid
  • Hypertelorism -- esophageal abnormalities -- hypospadias: A rare genetic disorder characterized by defects along the midline of the body. The type and severity of symptoms can vary considerably. There are two subtypes of the disorder: one is inherited in a X-linked manner and the other is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Females with the X-linked form of the condition tend to have few symptoms and often only have wide set eyes.
  • Hypertelorism with esophageal abnormality and hypospadias: A congenital disorder characterized by distinctive facial features, genital abnormalities, esophageal defect and difficulty swallowing. Males are more severely affected than females.
  • Hypopituitarism -- micropenis -- cleft lip palate: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by low pituitary hormone level, small penis and a cleft lip and palate.
  • Hypospadias: Congenital defect with misplaced urinary opening
  • Hypospadias -- hypertelorism: A congenital disorder characterized by distinctive facial features, genital abnormalities, esophageal defect and difficulty swallowing. Males are more severely affected than females.
  • Hypospadias 1, X-linked: Hypospadias is a congenital defect in males where the urinary opening for the penis is abnormally located on the underside of the penis or on the perineum. Hypospadias type 1 is inherited in a X-linked manner on chromosome Xq11-q12.
  • Hypospadias 2, X-linked: Hypospadias is a congenital defect in males where the urinary opening for the penis is abnormally located on the underside of the penis or on the perineum. Hypospadias type 1 is inherited in a X-linked manner on chromosome Xq28.
  • Hypospadias 3, Autosomal: Hypospadias is a congenital defect in males where the urinary opening for the penis is abnormally located on the underside of the penis or on the perineum. Hypospadias type 1 is inherited in an autosomal dominant form.
  • Hypospadias familial: An inherited penis defect where the urethral opening is abnormally placed.
  • Hypotelorism -- cleft palate -- hypospadias: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by an abnormally placed urethral opening, cleft palate and close set eyes.
  • Ichthyosis and male hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by scaly skin and insufficient hormone production by the male gonads.
  • Ichthyosis male hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by scaly skin and insufficient hormone production by the male gonads.
  • Immotile cilia syndrome, due to defective radial spokes: A very rare disorder where the cilia fail to move adequately due to abnormal cilia structure. The cilia are tiny, hair-like structures found in the respiratory and ear passages and help to clear debris and mucus. This results in increases risk of respiratory infections, sinusitis, ear infections and male infertility.
  • Impotence: Inability to attain or sustain an erection.
  • Impotence (Erectile dysfunction):
  • Jacobs syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart inflammation (pericardium), joint disease and permanent finger flexion. The number of joints affected is variable.
  • Klinefelter syndrome: A genetic condition where males have at least one extra X chromosome or extra copies of both the X and Y chromosomes in each cell. Normally male cells contain one X and one Y chromosome in each cell. The condition is not inherited but is a result of problems during cell division. Klinefelter syndrome variants is a more severe form of the condition as it involves more than one extra X or X and Y chromosome in each cell.
  • Koro syndrome: A disorder that occurs mainly in Malyan men and involves a fear that their penis will shrink and disappear into the stomach and they will then die.
  • Leydig cells hypoplasia: A condition resulting from reduced or absent functioning of Leydig cells which leads to insufficient production of the male hormone androgen which can cause problems with sex differentiation in males at puberty. The severity of symptoms varies depending on the degree of functioning of the Leydig cells. Type 1 is a more severe form of the condition where males develop a female appearance whereas type II results in symptoms such as small penis and hypogonadism though the patients has an overall male appearance.
  • Leydig cells hypoplasia, type I: A condition resulting from reduced or absent functioning of Leydig cells which leads to insufficient production of the male hormone androgen which can cause problems with sex differentiation in males at puberty. The severity of symptoms varies depending on the degree of functioning of the Leydig cells. Type 1 is a more severe form of the condition where males develop a female appearance whereas type II results in symptoms such as small penis and hypogonadism though the patients has an overall male appearance.
  • Leydig cells hypoplasia, type II: A condition resulting from reduced or absent functioning of Leydig cells which leads to insufficient production of the male hormone androgen which can cause problems with sex differentiation in males at puberty. The severity of symptoms varies depending on the degree of functioning of the Leydig cells. Type 1 is a more severe form of the condition where males develop a female appearance whereas type II results in symptoms such as small penis and hypogonadism though the patients has an overall male appearance.
  • Lowe Syndrome: An X linked condition characterized by vitamin D deficiency and causing an oculocerebrorenal syndrome
  • Male Breast Cancer: Cancer of the breast in males.
  • Male conditions: Any conditions that specifically affect the male sex
  • Male infertility: The inability of the male to reproduce
  • Male sexual conditions: Any condition that affects the ability of a male to have sexual relations
  • Mental retardation psychosis macroorchidism: A very rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, psychosis and enlarged testes.
  • Mental retardation, X-linked -- macrocephaly -- macro-orchidism: A rare disorder characterized by mental retardation, enlarged testes and a large head. Not all patients will exhibit all of these symptoms.
  • Metastatic prostate cancer: Advanced prostate cancer results from any combination of lymphatic, blood, or contiguous local spread.
  • Microcephaly micropenis convulsions: A syndrome which is characterized by the association of symptoms such as abnormal facial appearance, short stature and psychomotor retardation.
  • Myopathy -- growth and mental retardation -- hypospadias: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle disease, retarded growth, mental retardation and abnormally placed urethral opening.
  • Myopathy -- growth delay -- mental retardation -- hypospadias: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle disease, retarded growth, mental retardation and abnormally placed urethral opening.
  • Nocturnal emission: Ejaculation of semen while sleeping. It is generally considered to be a harmless condition and doesn't appear to be linked to any underlying physical, mental or emotional disorders. No treatment is considered necessary.
  • Oligospermia: Having too few sperm
  • Orchitis: Testicle inflammation.
  • Paget's disease of the scrotum: A very rare type of cancer that occurs on the scrotum and is characterized by eczema-like rash on the scrotum.
  • Paget's extramammary disease: A rare cancer characterized by a chronic rash that resembles eczema and usually occurs on the genital and anal areas.
  • Paraphimosis: This is a condition where there is constriction in the glans penis by a piece of proximally placed foreskin
  • Penile cancer, adult: Cancer of the penis.
  • Penile candidiasis: Uncommon yeast infection of male genitals.
  • Penis Cancer: A cancerous lesion that occurs on the penis
  • Penis agenesis: An extremely rare condition where a male is born without a penis.
  • Penis conditions: Any condition that affects the penis
  • Penoscrotal transposition: A very rare malformation where the penis and scrotum completely or partially swap positions. Other abnormalities are also usually associated.
  • Persistent Mullerian duct syndrome (PMDS): A very rare disorder involving where internal female reproductive tissue (mullerian duct) exists in a male who is otherwise normal.
  • Peyronie's disease: Hard lump on the penis often causing bending.
  • Phimosis: Where there is constriction of the male foreskin so that it cannot be pulled back over the glans of the penis
  • Phyllodes tumor of the prostate: A rare type of tumor that occurs in the prostate. The tumor is usually benign but may become malignant and tends to have a leaf-like appearance.
  • Posterior valve, urethra: A congenital defect where there is an abnormal membrane in the back of the male urethra which affects urine flow. The urine can flow back through the valve and cause problems for organs such as the urethra, bladder, ureters and even the kidneys. The severity of the condition is determined by the severity of the malformation. Severe defects can cause fetal death and mild defects may cause incontinence.
  • Preaxial deficiency postaxial polydactyly hypospadias: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by an extra little finger, abnormally placed urethral opening and underdeveloped thumbs.
  • Preaxial deficiency, postaxial polydactyly and hypospadias: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by an extra little finger, abnormally placed urethral opening and underdeveloped thumbs.
  • Premature ejaculation: The premature ejaculation of the male during sexual intercourse before it is desired
  • Priapism: Persistent, prolonged and painful erection that can last from several hours to days.
  • Primary prostate cancer: Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among males and is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in males.
  • Prostate Cancer: Cancer of the prostate.
  • Prostate cancer, familial: An inherited form of prostate cancer where cancer cells develop in the prostate tissue in males.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 1: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q24-q25 and is inherited in a dominant manner.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 10: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 10 is linked to a defect on chromosome 8q24.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 11: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 11 is linked to a defect on chromosome 17p12.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 12: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 12 is linked to a defect on chromosome 2p15.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 13: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 13 is linked to a defect on chromosome 10q11.2.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 14: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 14 is linked to a defect on chromosome 11q13.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 15: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 15 is linked to a defect on chromosome 19q13.4.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 2: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 17p11.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 3: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome 20q13.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 4: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 4 is linked to a defect on chromosome 7p11-q21.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 5: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 5 is linked to a defect on chromosome 3p26.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 6: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 6 is linked to a defect on chromosome 22q12.3.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 7: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 7 is linked to a defect on chromosome 15q12.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 8: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 8 is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q42.2-q43.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 9: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 9 is linked to a defect on chromosome 17q21-q22.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, X-linked 1: An inherited form of prostate cancer linked to chromosome Xq27-q28.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, X-linked 2: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. X-linked type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome Xp11.22.
  • Prostate conditions/benign prostatic hyperplasia:
  • Prostate stones: Stones in the prostate are very common. They appear to be calcified proteinaceous bodies called corpora amylacea.
  • Prostatic Stromal Proliferations of Uncertain Malignant Potential: A rare type of prostate tumor that may or may not be malignant.
  • Prostatic abscess: Prostatic abscess, which is an uncommon but well-described complication of acute bacterial prostatitis (ABP), is a potential indication for surgery.
  • Prostatic malacoplakia associated with prostatic abscess: A rare condition characterized by prostatic malacoplakia (mucosal lesion) which also involves a prostate abscess. Malacoplakia is an inflammatory disease the usually affects the genitourinary system. The condition may be misdiagnosed as prostate cancer.
  • Prostatic tuberculosis: Tuberculous prostatitis must be viewed as a systemic disease, and the treatment is primarily medical. Hospitalization is usually unnecessary but may be required to treat noncompliant patients.
  • Prostatitis: Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland, in men.
  • Pseudovaginal perineoscrotal hypospadias: A rare genetic malformation characterized by ambiguous genitalia in males due to absent or reduced testosterone production or response.
  • Renpenning syndrome: A very rare genetic disorder that affects males and is characterized mainly by mental retardation and facial anomalies.
  • Renpenning syndrome 1: A very rare genetic disorder that affects males and is characterized mainly by mental retardation and facial anomalies.
  • Seminal vesiculitis: Seminal vesiculitis is an inflammation of the seminal vesicles, most often secondary to prostatitis, although it may occur independently.
  • Seminoma: Cancer of the sperm-producing cells in the testicles. The cancer is not aggressive and tends not to metastasize.
  • Sertoli-leydig cell tumors: A rare form of ovarian cancer where excessive male sex hormones are produced by the cancerous cells.
  • Sexual precocity, familial, gonadotropin-independent, male-limited: A genetic anomaly characterized by premature male puberty due to excessive testosterone secretion and reduced gonadotropin secretion.
  • Spermatocele: A small collection of sperm that collects on the surface of the testicle, forming a cyst.
  • Spermatogenesis arrest: A rare, usually genetic disorder involving abnormal sperm development and resulting in infertility. Hormonal and toxic causes can be treated and fertility restored.
  • Spermatogenic failure, nonobstructive, Y-linked: Male infertility or reduced sperm count due to a chromosomal disorder rather than an obstruction. Some men with reduced sperm counts are still able to father children naturally.
  • Spermatorrhea: A term used to describe frequent involuntary orgasms or the release of larger amounts of sperm than is considered normal. Historically it was treated by avoiding masturbation and sometimes even masturbation.
  • Spina bifida -- hypospadias: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spina bifida (a opening in the spine) and an abnormally placed urethral opening (hypospadias).
  • Sudden compelling urge to urinate similar to that of benign prostatic hyperplasia: Also referred to as urge incontinence.
  • Testicle disorders: Any condition that affects the testicles
  • Testicular Cancer: Cancer (malignant) that develops in the tissues of one or both testicles.
  • Testicular torsion: Twisting of a testicle's spermatic cord
  • Theodor-Hertz-Goodman syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, fused finger bones and extra testes.
  • Torticollis, keloids, cryptorchidism, renal dysplasia: A rare genetic condition characterized by undescended testes, kidney defects, torticollis and the formation of keloids which are scar-like elevations on the skin. The symptoms occur in males though females carriers can have mild symptoms.
  • Tracheoesophageal fistula -- hypospadias: A rare syndrome characterized by an abnormal opening between the trachea and esophagus and abnormal positioning of urethral opening in males.
  • Undescended Testicle: Congenital failure of one or both testes to descend
  • Undescended testes: A condition which is characterized by the failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum
  • Varicocele: Varicose veins around the testes
  • Viral prostatitis: Acute prostatitis almost always results from an infection. Infections that cause prostatitis are often bacterial. They are rarely fungal, viral, or protozoal.
  • Weaver Williams syndrome:
  • Wilms tumour and pseudohermaphroditism: A syndrome that is characterised by the occurrence of Wilms tumor with pseudohermaphroditism
  • XX male syndrome: A sex chromosome disorder in males which affects gonadal development and causes infertility. Males have XX chromosomes instead of the normal XY.

 

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