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Diseases » Meningomyelocele » Glossary
 

Glossary for Meningomyelocele

  • Aminopterin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to ? during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Anencephaly: A birth defect where most or all of the brain is missing - most die before birth. Usually the associated portions of skull and other tissue are also missing.
  • Back conditions: A group of conditions that affect the back
  • Bladder symptoms: Symptoms related to the bladder and urination.
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Congenital conditions -- physical defects: Congenital (birth) defects causing a physical structure defect (rather than metabolic).
  • Del (2q36): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Del (4) (pter-p16 or p16.1): A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the short arm (pter-p16 or p16.1) of the genetic material on chromosome four is missing. The type and severity of symptoms can vary depending on the exact size and location of the deleted genetic material.
  • Del(1) (q24-q25.3): A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q24-q25.3) of chromosome one is missing. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Dup (2) (pter-p13)): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in the few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree though early death is quite common.
  • Emanuel syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of chromosome 11 is translocated with a portion of chromosome 22. The disorder involves a wide range of abnormalities such as kidney, genital and heart abnormalities, mental retardation, small head and failure to thrive.
  • Hydrocephalus: A rare condition where the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid is impaired by dilated brain ventricles which causes the fluid to accumulate in the skull and hence result in increased brain pressure.
  • Hyperthermia induced defects: A rare disorder where hypothermia during pregnancy results in infant abnormalities involving growth, development and brain dysfunction.
  • Insulin lispro -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Insulin lispro during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Meningocele: A condition which is characterized by a protrusion of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord through a defect in the spinal cord
  • Midline field defects: Congenital problems that occur along the vertical axis of the body. Defects can involve the brain, spine, heart, genitals and midline of the head and face.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Powell-Chandra-Saal syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by webbed joints and heart, vertebral, ear and radial defects.
  • Renal agenesis -- meningomyelocele -- mullerian defect: A rare disorder characterized by the absence of a kidney, spinal abnormality and a defect involving the female reproductive organs.
  • Spina bifida: A birth defect where the spinal vertebrae do not completely enclose the spinal cord often resulting in various degrees of nerve damage.
  • Spinal Cord Disorders: Any condition that affects the spinal cord
  • Spinal conditions: Any condition that affects the spine
  • Triploid syndrome: A complete extra set of chromosomes.
  • Valproic acid antenatal infection: A condition which usually occurs in a fetus due to the mother taking valproic acid for epileptic seizures
  • Velocardiofacial syndrome: A genetic disorder which can present with a wide range of phenotypic manifestations which has lead to a number of different names being assigned to the various presentations e.g. DiGeorge Syndrome and Cayler Anomaly Face Syndrome. There are nearly 200 different symptoms that can occur and the severity of the condition is also highly variable depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms that are present.

 

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