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Diseases » Menkes Disease » Summary
 

What is Menkes Disease?

What is Menkes Disease?

  • Menkes Disease: Genetic disease of copper deficiency.

Menkes Disease is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Menkes Disease, or a subtype of Menkes Disease, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Menkes Disease as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Menkes Disease: Introduction

Types of Menkes Disease:

Broader types of Menkes Disease:

How many people get Menkes Disease?

Prevalance of Menkes Disease: estimated 1 per 100,000 people suffer Menkes syndrome, Genetics Home Reference website
Prevalance Rate of Menkes Disease: approx 1 in 100,000 or 0.00% or 2,720 people in USA [about data]

Who gets Menkes Disease?

Patient Profile for Menkes Disease: Mostly males.

Profile for Menkes Disease: Because it is an X-linked genetic trait, Menkes disease primarily affects males. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Menkes Disease Information Page: NINDS)

How serious is Menkes Disease?

Prognosis of Menkes Disease: Poor. Death common within 10 years.
Complications of Menkes Disease: see complications of Menkes Disease
Prognosis of Menkes Disease: The disorder causes severe cerebral degeneration and arterial changes, resulting in death in infancy. (Source: Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology) ... The prognosis for individuals with Menkes disease is poor. Most affected persons die within the first decade of life. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Menkes Disease Information Page: NINDS)

What causes Menkes Disease?

Causes of Menkes Disease: see causes of Menkes Disease
Causes of Menkes Disease: Menkes' disease is transmitted as an X-linked recessive trait. Sufferers can not transport copper, which is needed by enzymes involved in making bone, nerve and other structures. (Source: Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology)

What are the symptoms of Menkes Disease?

Symptoms of Menkes Disease: see symptoms of Menkes Disease

Complications of Menkes Disease: see complications of Menkes Disease

Can anyone else get Menkes Disease?

Inheritance: see inheritance of Menkes Disease

Inheritance of genetic conditions: see details in inheritance of genetic diseases.

Menkes Disease: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Menkes Disease.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Menkes Disease.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Menkes Disease: Neurologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Menkes Disease.
Treatments for Menkes Disease: see treatments for Menkes Disease
Research for Menkes Disease: see research for Menkes Disease

Name and Aliases of Menkes Disease

Main name of condition: Menkes Disease

Class of Condition for Menkes Disease: genetic x-linked

Other names or spellings for Menkes Disease:

MNK, Kinky hair disease, Steely hair disease, MK, Menkea syndrome, Copper transport disease

Steely hair disease, Copper transport disease, Kinky hair disease, MK, MNK, Menkea syndrome
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Menkes Disease: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Menkes Disease:

 

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