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Diseases » Mental illness » Glossary
 

Glossary for Mental illness

  • Acute stress disorder: An acute anxiety state
  • Adjustment Disorder: This is a maladaptive reaction to identifiable stress
  • Agoraphobia: Fear of unfamiliar surroundings
  • Altered mental state: A change in the normal mental state of a person.
  • Amnesia: Memory loss
  • Anorexia: Any type of appetite loss; often refers to anorexia nervosa
  • Anti-Social Personality Disorder: A psychiatric condition characterized by chronic behavioral and social problems which often involves criminal behaviour.
  • Anxiety disorders: Anxiety disorders are persistent and excessive feelings of fear, worry or uneasiness that are significant enough to have an impact on day-to-day life. Excessive anxiety can have repercussions on physical and mental health. There are a number of different subtypes of anxiety disorders such as General anxiety, Social anxiety, Phobias, Hypochondria and Obsessive compulsive disorder.
  • Asperger syndrome: A neuropsychiatric disorder mainly involving the inability to understand and becoming involved in social interaction.
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Behavioral disorder with hyperactivity and/or inattention.
  • Autism: Childhood mental condition with social and communication difficulties.
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder: Personality type that avoids other people
  • Behavioral disorders: Disorders affecting behavior and emotional wellbeing
  • Behavioral symptoms: Symptoms of personal behavior.
  • Binge eating disorder: Excessive overeating but without purging
  • Bipolar disorder: Cycles of mania and depression; commonly called "manic-depression".
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Delusional belief about body shape or appearance
  • Borderline Personality Disorder: Mental condition with behavioral and emotional problems.
  • Borna disease: An infectious neurological disease that affects warm-blooded animals. There is disagreement as to whether the virus may be the underlying cause of some cases of mental illness in humans.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Brief Psychotic Disorder: Episodes of brief psychosis
  • Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder with binging (overeating) and purging (vomiting).
  • Chromosome 22q deletion: A rare genetic disorder where a portion of the genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 22 is missing. The symptoms or severity may vary somewhat between patients.
  • Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: A rare genetic disorder caused by the absence of a small portion of genetic material. A small section of chromosome 22 is missing at a location called q11.2. Chromosome 22 is one of 23 pairs of chromosomes that exist in humans.
  • Conduct Disorder: Behavioral disorder with antisocial behaviors
  • Conversion Disorder: A psychological condition where physical symptoms arise due to emotional dilemmas.
  • Cyclothymic disorder: This disorder is a mild form of bipolar II disorder consisting of recurrent mood disturbances between hypomania and dysthymic mood.
  • Delusional disorder: Persisting delusional beliefs
  • Dementia: Various mental impairment conditions.
  • Dependent Personality Disorder: A personality disorder that can be characterised by an excessive need to be taken care of
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Depressive disorders: Depression or its various related conditions.
  • Disordered Eating: Unusual and troubled eating habits
  • Dissociative Amnesia: The sudden loss of memory
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder: A neurotic mental disorder where a person's field of consciousness is limited in order to fulfill an unconscious goal. Often selective amnesia is involved and the person develops what is called multiple personalities.
  • Dissociative disorder: A sudden change in the state of consciousness and identity
  • Double Depression: Double depression occurs when someone with dysthymia experiences an episode of major depression.
  • Eating disorders: Various mental disorders impairing normal eating or appetite.
  • Fetishism: A syndrome characterised by recurrent sexual urges for and fantasies of using fetishes
  • Gambling addiction: Addiction to gambling activities.
  • Gender Identity Disorder: Mental belief that one has the incorrect gender
  • Generalised anxiety disorder: Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension or fear.
  • Generalized anxiety disorder: Excessive anxiety and worrying.
  • Hereditary Hemochromatosis: A genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. There are 4 types of hemochromatosis and they are distinguished by age of onset, genetic cause and type of inheritance. Some sufferers may be asymptomatic.
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder: Behavioral disorder seeking attention and approval
  • Hypersomnia: Hypersomnia is characterized by recurring episodes of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) or prolonged nighttime sleep.
  • Hypochondriasis: A disorder characterised by a preoccupation with normal bodily functions as abnormalities
  • Impulse Control Disorders: Disorders where people have difficulty controlling their impulses
  • Insomnia: Insomnia is defined as repeated difficulty with the initiation, duration, maintenance, or quality of sleep that occurs despite adequate time and opportunity for sleep that results in some form of daytime impairment.
  • Intermittent Explosive Disorder: Episodes of explosively aggressive behavior
  • Kleptomania: Intense urge to steal. Usually kleptomaniacs have a near relative who suffers from a substance abuse disorder.
  • Learning disabilities: Various developmental problems impairing learning or schooling.
  • Mental health conditions: Medical conditions related to mental health, emotions, behavior, personality, psychology, psychiatry, and so on.
  • Mental retardation -- dysmorphism -- hypogonadism -- diabetes: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism, diabetes and facial and skull abnormalities.
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder: A personality disorder that is characterised by a lack of social apathy and personal grandiosity
  • Narcolepsy: Narcolepsy is characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis.
  • Non-Contagious Diseases: Any disease that is not contagious
  • Nonaffective Psychosis: Any mental disorder that is characterised by a significant derangement of ones personality and a loss of ones touch with reality
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Behavioral disorder with obsessive thoughts and compulsive acts.
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder: A behavioral problem that occurs in children and involves persistent disobedience, defiance and hostility towards authority figures. The behavioral problem is greater than the normal pattern of child misbehaviors. The severity of the problem affects the child's ability to perform satisfactorily in home, school and community environments.
  • Pain Disorder: Somatoform disorder causing pain
  • Panic attack: Sudden attack of unreasonable panic or fear without any real danger
  • Panic disorder: It is a severe medical condition characterized by extremely elevated mood.
  • Paranoid Personality Disorder: Excessive paranoid beliefs
  • Paraphilias: A psychiatric disorder that is characterised by sexual urges and inappropriate sexual behaviour
  • Pedophilia: A sexual preference for children.
  • Personality disorders: A group of psychiatric disorders that are characterised but abnormal dysfunctional personalities
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder: Stress following a traumatic event.
  • Psychiatric disorders: Any condition that affects ones mind
  • Psychological disorders: Any condition that affects ones mind
  • Psychotic disorders: Psychiatric disorders with mental detachment from reality
  • Pyromania: Compulsive arson and fire starting behavior disorder
  • Schizoaffective disorder: A psychiatric condition in which symptoms of a mood disorder occur with prominent psychotic symptoms
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder: A personality disorder which is characterized by long term emotional coldness, indifference and criticism of others.
  • Schizophrenia: A psychiatric disorder characterized by hallucinations and delusional beliefs where a person is unable to distinguish between reality and imagination. The condition tends to have a chronic nature and can be severely debilitating if treatment isn't sought.
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder: A personality disorder which is characterized by long term emotional coldness, indifference and criticism of others.
  • Separation anxiety disorder: Excessive anxiety over separation
  • Sleep disorders: Any disorder that affects ones sleep
  • Social phobia: Excessive anxiety in social situations.
  • Somatization Disorder: A disorder that is characterised by multiple somatic complaints
  • Somatoform Disorders: A disorder that is characterised by multiple somatic complaints
  • Specific phobias: Irrational fears of specific situations, actions or items.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Tic disorders:
  • Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder involving vocal and movement tics where where uncontrollable movements or verbal utterances are made.
  • Trichotillomania: A mental disorder where a person feels compelled to pull out their own hair.
  • Tumor: Any type of lump or swelling (not just cancers)
  • Undifferentiated Somatoform disorder: A disorder which is characterised by one or more physical complaints that are not intentionally produced or feigned

 

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