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Diseases » Migraine » Glossary
 

Glossary for Migraine

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Allergic tension-fatigue syndrome: Variable symptoms caused by food allergy.
  • Amaurosis fugax: A rare condition where a temporary blockage of blood flow to the retina causes vision loss in the affected eye until the blood flow returns.
  • Amitriptyline -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amitriptyline during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome: An autoimmune disorder characterized by blood clots and pregnancy losses.
  • Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension, and fear without apparent stimulus that is associated sometime with somatic responses
  • Aortic dilatation- joint hypermobility- arterial tortuosity: A rare syndrome characterized by the dilation of the aortic root, hyperextensible joints and varicose veins
  • Aura: A sensation that precedes and marks the onset of a neurological condition
  • Basilar artery migraine: Basilar migraine (BM), also known as Bickerstaff syndrome, consists of headache accompanied by dizziness, ataxia, tinnitus, decreased hearing, nausea and vomiting, dysarthria, diplopia, loss of balance, bilateral paresthesias or paresis, altered consciousness, syncope, and sometimes loss of consciousness.
  • Benign paroxysmal torticollis of infancy: A harmless condition characterized by recurring periods of head tilting resulting from dystonia (sustained muscle contractions) of the neck muscles. Other symptoms such as vomiting and irritability may also occur variably. Episodes tend to occur without any noticeable triggers and may last from hours to days. Episodes can occur as often as every two weeks or as infrequently as every couple of months.
  • Blind spot: Loss of vision in a particular area
  • Brain cancer: Cancer of the brain.
  • Cadasil: A rare inherited condition which affects the small blood vessels of the brain. Damage to the vessels causes strokes and other problems.
  • Centrotemporal epilepsy: A benign form of childhood epilepsy that tends to occur at night (during sleep) and involves mainly the face and mouth but may be generalized. The seizures tend to be short-lived and only involve one side of the face. The epilepsy usually resolves itself by adulthood and responds well to medication.
  • Cerebrovascular accident: Occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted and results in cell injury and death.
  • Chemical allergy: A chemical allergy refers to an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical. The specific symptoms that can result can vary amongst patients depending on the type and duration of the exposure and individual response.
  • Chronic Sinusitis: Chronic form of sinusitis, inflammation of the sinus cavities.
  • Classic migraine: Migraine is a neurological disorder that generally involves repeated headaches. Some people also have nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms. Most people with migraines do not have any warning before it occurs. However, some people have a visual disturbance called an aura before the headache starts.
  • Cluster headache: Headache that occurs periodically, with active periods interrupted by spontaneous remissions.
  • Common Headache: Common headache that everyone occasionally gets.
  • Common migraine: Migraine headaches are recurrent headaches that may be unilateral or bilateral. Migraine headaches may occur with or without a prodrome. The aura of a migraine may consist of neurologic symptoms, such as dizziness, tinnitus, scotomas, photophobia, or visual scintillations (eg, bright zigzag lines).
  • Convulsions: Involuntary spasms especially those affecting the full body
  • Cyclic vomiting syndrome: A rare disorder involving repeated cyclic episodes of vomiting which occur for no obvious reason.
  • Dienestrol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dienestrol (a synthetic form of Viagra) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Dizziness: Feelings of lightheadedness or giddiness.
  • Epilepsy: Brain condition causing seizures or spasms.
  • Episodic ataxia, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by episodes of incoordination and unsteadiness as well as nystagmus (rapid, involuntary eye movements). Stress, exertion, alcohol and coffee may trigger the episodes which can last from hours to days. Type 2 is caused by a defect in the calcium ion gene on chromosome 19p13.
  • Episodic ataxia, type 6: A rare genetic disorder characterized by episodes of incoordination and unsteadiness. Stress and exertion may trigger the episodes which tend to last for about half an hour. Type 6 is extremely rare and is caused by a defect on chromosome 5p13.
  • Ergotamine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ergotamine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Eye pain: Pain in the eye.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- MSG: An intolerance to MSG is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to a food additive called MSG which is used in a number of foods. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize or deal with the food additive. The amount of the substance required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- amines: An intolerance to amines is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to amines which are found naturally in foods such as bananas, pineapples, vegetables, red wine, citrus fruit and many other foods. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize or deal with the substance. The amount of the substance required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- chocolate: An intolerance to chocolate is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to chocolate. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize the food. The amount of chocolate required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- food additives: An intolerance to food additives is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to food additives. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize or deal with the food additive. The amount of the substance required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- salicylate: An intolerance to salicylates is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to salicylates which is an ingredient in aspirin but is also found naturally in various fruit, vegetables, herbs and spices. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize or deal with the salicylate. The amount of the substance required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- sulfite: An intolerance to sulfites is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to sulfites which is often used as a preservative in a variety of foods and medications including meats, salads and dried fruits. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize or deal with the sulfite. The amount of the substance required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- sulphite: An intolerance to sulphite is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to sulphite. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize the substance. The amount of sulphite required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Frontal headache: pain in the frontal region of the haed
  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: Hashimoto thyroiditis is characterized by the destruction of thyroid cells by various cell- and antibody-mediated immune processes. Patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis have antibodies to various thyroid antigens, the most frequently detected of which include antithyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO), antithyroglobulin (anti-Tg), and, to a lesser extent, TSH receptor-blocking antibodies.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Headache and migraine conditions: Medical conditions related to headaches including migraine.
  • Headache-free migraine: A syndrome with no headache but other migraine-like symptoms
  • Hemianopsia: A condition which is characterized by the loss of vision in one half of the visual field
  • Hereditary paroxysmal cerebral ataxia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by episodes of incoordination and unsteadiness as well as nystagmus (rapid, involuntary eye movements). Stress, exertion, alcohol and coffee may trigger the episodes which can last from minutes to days.
  • Hereditary vascular retinopathie -- Raynaud phenomenon -- migraine: An inherited disorder characterized by a disease of the small retinal blood vessels, migrains and Raynaud's phenomenon.
  • Hyperacusis: Excessive sensitivity to everyday sounds.
  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar level
  • Inheritable disorders of connective tissue: Disorders that affect the connective tissue of the body that are handed down from generation to generation
  • Ketoprofen -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ketoprofen during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Lack of sleep: Lack of sleep refers to a deficiency in the amount of sleep a person gets.
  • Lead poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to lead.
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • MELAS: A mitochondrial disorder characterized by stroke-like episodes, headaches, vomiting and other neurological symptoms.
  • Meningococcal disease: Dangerous bacterial infection causing meningitis or bacteremia.
  • Menstruation: The passage of blood and uterine tissue through the vagina cyclically
  • Mountain sickness: Illness from poor adjustment to low oxygen at altitude.
  • Multi-Infarct Dementia: Dementia due to brain blood clots and strokes.
  • Naproxen -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Naproxen during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Amylcinnamic alcohol: An amylcinnamic alcohol allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called amylcinnamic alcohol which is found in perfumes or fragrances. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Anisyl alcohol: An Anisyl alcohol allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called Anisyl alcohol which is found in perfumes or fragrances. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Benzyl alcohol: A benzyl alcohol allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called benzyl alcohol which is found in perfumes or fragrances. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Benzyl salicylate: A benzyl salicylate allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called benzyl salicylate which is found in perfumes or fragrances. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Cinnamic alcohol: A cinnamic alcohol allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called cinnamic alcohol which is found in perfumes or fragrances. Cinnamic alcohol has a hyacinth odor and is often used as a fragrance in perfumes, cosmetics, detergents, chewing gums, oral hygiene products and drinks such a cola and bitters. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Cinnamic aldehyde: A cinnamic aldehyde allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called cinnamic aldehyde which is found in perfumes or fragrances. Cinnamic aldehyde has a hyacinth odor and is often used as a fragrance in perfumes, cosmetics, detergents, chewing gums, oral hygiene products and drinks such a cola and bitters. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Coumarin: A coumarin allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called coumarin which is found in perfumes or fragrances. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Eugenol: A eugenol allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called eugenol which is found in perfumes or fragrances. Eugenol has a spicy clove odor, is derived from cloves and cinnamon and is often used in perfumes, cosmetics, hair products, oral cleansing products and various creams and lotions. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Geraniol: A geraniol allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called geraniol which is found in perfumes or fragrances. Geraniol has a sweet floral, rose smell and is commonly used in perfumes, cosmetics and skin care products. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Hydroxycitronellal: A Hydroxycitronellal allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called Hydroxycitronellal which is found in perfumes or fragrances. Hydroxycitronellal has a sweet, floral odor and is often used in perfumes, soaps, cosmetics, aftershaves, eye creams, insecticides and antiseptics. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Isoeugenol: A isoeugenol allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called isoeugenol which is found in perfumes or fragrances. Isoeugenol is derived from nutmeg and ylang ylang oil. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Musk ambrette: A musk ambrette allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called musk ambrette which is found in perfumes or fragrances. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Oak moss absolute: A oak moss absolute allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called oak moss absolute which is found in perfumes or fragrances. Oak moss absolute has an earthy, woody scent and is often used as a fragrance in men's products. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Sandalwood oil: A sandalwood oil allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called sandalwood oil which is found in perfumes or fragrances. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- Wood tar: A wood tar allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to a chemical called wood tar which is found in perfumes or fragrances. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Non-Food Allergy -- perfume: A perfume allergy is an adverse reaction by the body's immune system to perfumes or fragrances. The body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE - an antibody) and histamine in response to contact with the allergen. The specific symptoms that can result can vary considerably amongst patients from a severe anaphylactic reaction to asthma, abdominal symptoms, eczema or headaches.
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Paresthesia: Pins-and-needles or burning-like sensations.
  • Parry Romberg Syndrome: Wasting away of one side of the face.
  • Perfume sensitivity: Some people have an adverse reaction if exposed to perfume or fragrances. A sensitivity or intolerance is different to an allergy as there is no immune system involvement. Symptoms may vary from person to person
  • Photophobia: An exaggerated or irrational fear of light.
  • Pizotifen -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Pizotifen during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Poisoning: The condition produced by poison
  • Pregnancy: The condition of supporting a fetus from conception till birth.
  • Pregnancy-related conditions: Any condition that is related to or caused by pregnancy
  • Prochlorperazine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Prochlorperazine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Promethazine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Promethazine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Pseudotumor Cerebri: A condition involving increased intracranial pressure which can produce symptoms similar to a brain tumor.
  • Puberty: Sexual and physical maturation in adolescents
  • Scotoma: A condition which is characterized by an area of depressed vision in the visual field.
  • Sensory ataxic neuropathy, dysarthria, and ophthalmoparesis: A very rare syndrome characterized by progressive ataxia, eye muscle problems and a speech disorder (dysarthria).
  • Severe headache: A condition which is characterized by a severe headache
  • Sinusitis: Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
  • Stress: Emotional stress (sometimes refers to physical stress)
  • Stroke: Serious brain event from bleeding or blood clots.
  • Subarachnoid haemorrhage: A condition which is characterized by haemorrhage of blood into the subarachnoid space
  • Sumatriptan -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Sumatriptan during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Temporal arteritis: Inflamed head artery causing headache.
  • Tension headache: Tension-type headaches can be episodic or chronic.Episodic tension-type headaches are defined as tension-type headaches occurring fewer than 15 days a month, whereas chronic tension headaches occur 15 days or more a month for at least 6 months. Tension-type headaches can last from minutes to days, months or even years, though a typical tension headache lasts 4-6 hours.
  • Tinnitus: Hearing noises in the ears: ringing, roaring, clicks, whistling, or hissing.
  • Transient Ischemic Attack: Temporary disturbance of blood supply to a restricted area of the brain, resulting in brief neurologic dysfunction that persists, by definition, for less than 24 hours.
  • Transient ischaemic attack:
  • Valproic Acid -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Valproic Acid during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Vertigo: The odd balance sensation of inappropriate spinning or movement of the environment
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.

 

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