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Diseases » Mitral-valve prolapse » Glossary
 

Glossary for Mitral-valve prolapse

  • Additional Heart Sounds: A heart sound that is heard in addition to the normal two beats.
  • Agoraphobia: Fear of unfamiliar surroundings
  • Amastia, bilateral, with ureteral triplication and dysmorphism: A very rare disorder characterized mainly by the absence of both breasts, triplicated ureters (normally they are duplicated), facial anomalies and various other defects.
  • Anophthalmia -- megalocornea -- cardiopathy -- skeletal anomalies: A rare genetic syndrome characterized by absent or very small eyes, large corneas, congenital heart defects and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Anxiety attack: Sudden onset of extreme anxiety
  • Arrhythmias: Irregularity in the heart's beating rhythm.
  • Bacterial endocarditis: Infection and inflammation of the inner layers of the heart, most commonly the valves cause by bacteria.
  • Beals syndrome: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by joint contractures, arachnodactyly and a crumpled appearing ear.
  • Borrone-Di Rocco-Crovato syndrome: A rare progressive syndrome characterized by skin, heart and skeletal defects. Only several reported cases of the condition.
  • Brachydactyly, mesomelia, mental retardation, aortic dilation, mitral valve prolapse and characteristic face: A rare syndrome characterized by short digits, short limbs, mental retardation, aortic dilation, mitral valve prolapse and a characteristic face.
  • Cardiac arrest: Stoppage of the heart, usually caused by heart attack
  • Cardiac valvular dysplasia, X-linked: An inherited (X-linked) form of heart disease involving mitral or aortic valve regurgitation. Females are carriers and hence asymptomatic whereas males displayed symptoms.
  • Cerebrovascular accident: Occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted and results in cell injury and death.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chest pain: Pain in the chest area.
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Dahlberg syndrome: A rare condition characterized by hypoparathyroidism, nephropathy, congenital lymphedema, mitral valve prolapse and short end bones in fingers and toes.
  • Dermato-cardio-skeletal syndrome Borrone type: A rare progressive syndrome characterized by skin, heart and skeletal abnormalities.
  • EDS V: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by skin hyperextensibility, moderate joint hypermobility and moderate vascular fragility.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Type I: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hyperextensible joints, hyperextensible skin and poor wound healing.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type II: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hypermobile joints, hyperextensible skin and poor wound healing - a milder form of Type 1 with hypermobility limited to hands and feet.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type V: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by skin hyperextensibility, moderate joint hypermobility and moderate vascular fragility.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, cardiac valvular form: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hypermobile joints, joint dislocations and skin hyperextensibility and fragility.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, classic type: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hypermobile joints, joint dislocations and skin hyperextensibility and fragility - a combination of ED types I and II.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, hypermobility type: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hypermobile joints, hyperextensible skin and - previously known as EDS type 3.
  • Embolism: Blockage of an artery or blood vessel
  • Fragile-X Syndrome: A rare inherited characterized by various physical anomalies as well as mental retardation. The symptoms are milder in females.
  • Furlong-Kurczynski-Hennessy syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by the association of premature fusion of skull bones with Marfanoid features. The disorder arises from abnormal connective tissue.
  • Genu varum: The presence of bowed legs - knees are apart and ankles are together while standing. Causes of the anomaly include certain intrauterine positions, rickets and various bone disorders.
  • Haemolytic anaemia:
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Heart valve conditions: Medical conditions affecting the valves of the heart.
  • Heart valve diseases: Diseases that affect the valves of the heart
  • Hunter-Mcdonald syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly be short stature, characteristic facial appearance and a predisposition for developing brain tumors.
  • Hypogonadism -- mitral valve prolapse -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a heart disorder, hypogonadism and mental retardation.
  • Infective endocarditis: The infection and inflammation of the inner heart layers, especially the valves. The infection is usually bacterial. The condition carries a high risk of death.
  • Kabuki syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by distinctive facial features.
  • Kozlowski-Celermajer syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by congenital heart disease and spine and upper arm bone abnormalities.
  • MASS syndrome: A genetic syndrome that is similar the Marfan syndrome but does not involve lens dislocation. It is a connective tissue disorder that involves the skeleton, skin, aorta and mitral valve.
  • Marfan Syndrome type 2: A very rare syndrome characterized by some of the skeletal and heart blood vessel abnormalities seen in Marfan syndrome but there are no eye abnormalities. The genetic cause of the two types is different.
  • Marfan syndrome: A genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defect of chromosome 15q21.1 which affects the production of the fibrillin needed to make connective tissue.
  • Marfan-like syndrome, Boileau type: A rare disorder that is similar to Marfan syndrome but tends to only involve skeletal and cardiovascular symptoms and signs.
  • Meningeal angiomatosis -- cleft hypoplastic left heart: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by an underdeveloped left heart and abnormal brain development.
  • Mitral regurgitation: A condition which is characterized by a regurgitation of blood from the left ventricle into the atrium due to a problem with the mitral valve
  • Mitral stenosis: Narrowing of the mitral heart valve
  • Mitral valve disease: Any disease that affects the mitral valve
  • Mitral valve prolapse, familial, X-linked:
  • Mitral valve prolapse, myxomatous 1: In inherited heart valve defect which is usually asymptomatic but can occasionally cause symptoms such as palpitations. MMVP1 has been linked to chromosome 16p.
  • Mitral valve prolapse, myxomatous 2: In inherited heart valve defect which is usually asymptomatic but can occasionally cause symptoms such as palpitations. MMVP2 has been linked to chromosome 11p.
  • Mitral valve prolapse, myxomatous 3: In inherited heart valve defect which is usually asymptomatic but can occasionally cause symptoms such as palpitations which are often mild. MMVP3 has been linked to chromosome 13q.
  • Mixed connective tissue disease: A rare disorder of the connective tissue which affects a range of body tissues and organs.
  • Montefiore syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by skull, facial, heart and digital abnormalities.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • OI, Type I: A genetic condition characterized mainly by fragile bones that fracture easily and blue sclerae. The fractures tend start during early childhood (when walking starts) and becomes worse after menopause or in old age. Fractures tend to heal normally. Type I is the mildest form of osteogenesis imperfecta and results from a reduced amount of normal collagen in the body. Other forms of osteogenesis imperfect tend to involve the presence of abnormal collagen.
  • Panic attack: Sudden attack of unreasonable panic or fear without any real danger
  • Panic disorder: It is a severe medical condition characterized by extremely elevated mood.
  • Pathological fracture: The occurrence of a fracture a bone of the body caused by a disease state
  • Polycystic kidney disease: Genetic kidney disease causing kidney cysts.
  • Prolapse: The downward displacement of any viscus organ
  • Pseudoxanthoma elasticum, forme fruste: An inherited systemic disease of connective tissue involving progressive calcification and degeneration of elastic fibers throughout the body, including the skin, eyes and cardiovascular system.
  • Rheumatic fever: An inflammatory disorder that can occur as a complication of untreated streptococcal bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. The condition may affect the brain, skin, heart and joints.
  • Rheumatic heart disease: Chronic heart condition due to heart damage from rheumatic fever
  • Scurvy: Severe disease from vitamin C deficiency
  • Short stature -- valvular heart disease: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature and heart valve disease.
  • Spastic ataxia, Charlevoix-Saguenay type: A rare disorder characterized mainly by spasticity of the legs, uncoordinated leg movements and eye anomalies.
  • Splinter haemorrhages: splinter hemorrhages are small areas of bleeding under the fingernails or toenails
  • Stickler Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities.
  • Stickler Syndrome, type I: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities. Type 1 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 12q13.11-q13.2
  • Stickler Syndrome, type II: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities. Type 2 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 1p21
  • Stickler Syndrome, type III: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and ear abnormalities. Type 3 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 6q21.3. Type 3 doesn't involve any of the eye problems that occur in type 1 and 2.
  • Stickler's syndrome: A condition which is characterized by a hereditary progressive arthro-ophthalmopathy
  • Syncope: Temporary loss of conciousness or fainting.
  • Turner Syndrome: Rare chromosome syndrome with one X but no second X or Y chromosome.
  • Vague symptoms: Vague, unclear, mild or non-specific symptoms
  • Vitamin C deficiency: Indequate vitamin C in the diet

 

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