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Diseases » Mononucleosis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Mononucleosis

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Adolescent conditions: Symptoms that are evident due to puberty
  • Airway Obstruction: A blockage in the breathing tubes. The blockage can occur for many different reasons such as tumors, severe allergic reaction, bacterial infections, foreign bodies or trauma. The degree of obstruction will determine how seriously breathing is impaired.
  • Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Cytomegalovirus: A easily transmissible viral infection that is common but generally causes no symptoms except in infants and people with weakened immune systems.
  • Diphtheria: Infectious bacterial respiratory disease
  • Diseases contagious from saliva: Diseases that can be contracted from saliva
  • Ehrlichiosis: Bacterial tick-borne disease
  • Encephalitis: Dangerous infection of the brain
  • Enlarged lymph nodes: Where the lymph glands are swollen more than there normal size
  • Epstein-Barr virus: Common virus causing mononucleosis
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Fibromyalgia: A difficult to diagnose condition affecting the muscles and/or joints
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • Herpesvirus: A group of DNA viruses that occur in humans
  • Hodgkin's Disease: A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Human parvovirus B19 infection: An infectious disease caused by parovirus B19 which causes fifth disease and erythema infectiosum.
  • Hypersensitivity reaction: Hypersensitivity reaction, also called an allergic reaction, is a condition in which the body is sensitive to a particular substance (allergen) and reacts with certain symptoms after exposure to the allergen.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Kawasaki disease: A childhood illness that generally affects the skin, mouth and lymph nodes.
  • Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Lymphocytosis: An abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the blood.
  • Lymphoma: Cancer involving lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Lymphoproliferative Syndrome, X-Linked, 1: A rare inherited immunodeficiency disorder where the body's immune systm is unable to respond appropriately to certain viral infections (Epstein Barr virus). The immune system becomes weakened following and EBV infection. As the condition in inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer the full extent of the disease which tends to be eventually fatal in most cases. Female carriers tend not to develop and problems following an EBV infection. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome Xq25.@
  • Lymphoproliferative Syndrome, X-Linked, 2: A rare inherited immunodeficiency disorder where the body's immune systm is unable to respond appropriately to certain viral infections (Epstein Barr virus). The immune system becomes weakened following and EBV infection. As the condition in inherited in a X-linked manner, males tend to suffer the full extent of the disease which tends to be eventually fatal in most cases. Female carriers tend not to develop and problems following an EBV infection. Type 2 is linked to a defect in the XIAP gene on chromosome Xq25.
  • Maculopapular rash: A rash that occurs on the skin that appears reddish with macula and papules
  • Measles: Once common viral infection now rare due to vaccination.
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium (muscle walls of the heart)
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A type of lymphoma, a cancer affecting lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
  • Peritonsillar abscess: also known as quinsy
  • Pharyngitis: Inflammation or infection of the larynx in the throat
  • Proteinuria: Protein in the urine
  • Rubella: A contagious viral infection caused by the Rubella virus which produces a rash and lymph node swelling. It can have serious implication in pregnant women as the virus can be transmitted through the placenta and cause serious fetal defects or even fetal death.
  • Ruptured spleen: a ruptured spleen is a serious condition. Without emergency treatment, a ruptured spleen can cause life-threatening bleeding
  • Sore Throat: Discomfort in the throat or with swallowing
  • Sore throat: Discomfort in the throat or with swallowing
  • Swollen neck lymph nodes: Swollen lymph nodes in the neck region
  • Thrombocytopenia: Decreased platelets in the blood
  • Tonsilitis: Inflammation of the tonsils in the throat.
  • Toxocariasis: A parasitic roundworm (Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati) infection that normally occurs in cats and dogs but can be transmitted to humans by ingesting the larvae or eggs. The infection may be asymptomatic or severe and symptoms depend on where the larvae travel to when they migrate through the body.
  • Toxoplasmosis: Infection often caught from cats and their feces.
  • Trypanosomiasis:
  • Tularemia: A rare infections disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis (a gram-negative pleomorphic coccobacillus). Transmission occurs through contact with infected animals or there habitats e.g. bites from infected insects or other animals, eating infected wild animals, contact with contaminated water and soil. Symptoms can vary greatly depending on the method of infection. For example infection through inhalation can cause symptoms similar to pneumonia, eating infected animals can cause a sore throat and abdominal symptoms and transmission through the skin can cause result in a painful skin ulcer.
  • Type A influenza subtype H1: The H1 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause serious illness and result in pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Underarm lump: Lump in the armpit or underarm region
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Viral Hepatitis: hepatitis describes inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis may be caused by alcohol, drugs, autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases, and viruses. Viral infection accounts for more than half the cases of acute hepatitis.
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
  • Whooping Cough: An infectious condition caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis
  • X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome: A rare inherited immunodeficiency disorder where the body's immune systm is unable to respond appropriately to certain viral infections (Epstein Barr virus).

 

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