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Diseases » Multiple Myeloma » Summary
 

What is Multiple Myeloma?

What is Multiple Myeloma?

  • Multiple Myeloma: A rare malignant cancer that occurs in the bone marrow. More common in skull, spine, rib cage, pelvis and legs.
  • Multiple Myeloma: A bone marrow-based plasma cell neoplasm characterized by a serum monoclonal protein and skeletal destruction with osteolytic lesions, pathological fractures, bone pain, hypercalcemia, and anemia. Clinical variants include non-secretory myeloma, smoldering myeloma, indolent myeloma, and plasma cell leukemia. (WHO, 2001) -- 2003
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Multiple Myeloma: myeloma that develops in several places at the same time.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Multiple Myeloma is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Multiple Myeloma, or a subtype of Multiple Myeloma, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Multiple Myeloma as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Multiple Myeloma: Introduction

Types of Multiple Myeloma:

Broader types of Multiple Myeloma:

How many people get Multiple Myeloma?

Prevalance of Multiple Myeloma: about 63,000 people affected by multiple myeloma ("Orphan Products: Hope for People With Rare Diseases", By Carol Rados, FDA Consumer magazine, November-December 2003 Issue)
Prevalance Rate of Multiple Myeloma: approx 1 in 4,317 or 0.02% or 63,000 people in USA [about data]
Incidence (annual) of Multiple Myeloma: 14,600 annual cases of multiple myeloma in USA (SEER 2002 estimate)
Incidence Rate of Multiple Myeloma: approx 1 in 18,630 or 0.01% or 14,600 people in USA [about data]
Incidence of Multiple Myeloma: Each year, nearly 13,000 people in the United States learn that they have multiple myeloma . (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Multiple Myeloma: NCI)

Who gets Multiple Myeloma?

Patient Profile for Multiple Myeloma: More common after age 40

Profile for Multiple Myeloma: most multiple myeloma patients are between 50 and 70 years old. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Multiple Myeloma: NCI)

Race Profile for Multiple Myeloma: This disease affects blacks more often than whites and men more often than women. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Multiple Myeloma: NCI)

How serious is Multiple Myeloma?

Complications of Multiple Myeloma: see complications of Multiple Myeloma
Deaths for Multiple Myeloma: 11,016 deaths reported in USA 1999 for multiple myeloma and other immunoproliferative syndromes (NVSR Sep 2001)

What causes Multiple Myeloma?

Causes of Multiple Myeloma: see causes of Multiple Myeloma
Cause of Multiple Myeloma: Overgrowth of antibody-producing white blood cells called plasma cells. Growth inside bone marrow causes bone tumors.
Risk factors for Multiple Myeloma: see risk factors for Multiple Myeloma

What are the symptoms of Multiple Myeloma?

Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma: see symptoms of Multiple Myeloma

Complications of Multiple Myeloma: see complications of Multiple Myeloma

Can anyone else get Multiple Myeloma?

Contagion of cancer: generally not; see details in contagion of cancer.
More information: see contagiousness of Multiple Myeloma
Inheritance: see inheritance of Multiple Myeloma

Multiple Myeloma: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Multiple Myeloma.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Multiple Myeloma.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Multiple Myeloma: Oncologists, Hematologists, Radiation oncologists ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Multiple Myeloma.
Treatments for Multiple Myeloma: see treatments for Multiple Myeloma
Research for Multiple Myeloma: see research for Multiple Myeloma

Society issues for Multiple Myeloma


Hospitalization statistics for Multiple Myeloma: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Multiple Myeloma:

  • 0.38% (48,041) of hospital consultant episodes were for multiple myeloma and malignant plasma cell neoplasms in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 96% of hospital consultant episodes for multiple myeloma and malignant plasma cell neoplasms required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 54% of hospital consultant episodes for multiple myeloma and malignant plasma cell neoplasms were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 45% of hospital consultant episodes for multiple myeloma and malignant plasma cell neoplasms were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 9% of hospital consultant episodes for multiple myeloma and malignant plasma cell neoplasms required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for multiple myeloma and malignant plasma cell neoplasms in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for multiple myeloma and malignant plasma cell neoplasms in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Multiple Myeloma:

Organs and body systems related to Multiple Myeloma include:

Name and Aliases of Multiple Myeloma

Main name of condition: Multiple Myeloma

Class of Condition for Multiple Myeloma: cancer

Other names or spellings for Multiple Myeloma:

Plasma cell myeloma, myelomatosis, Kahler disease

Plasma cell tumors, Plasmacytoma, Myeloma, Kahler's disease Source - Diseases Database

Multiple Myeloma: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Multiple Myeloma:

 

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